Evolutionary Methods for Analysis of Human Movement

Evolutionary Methods for Analysis of Human Movement

Rahman Davoodi (University of Southern California, USA) and Gerald E. Loeb (University of Southern California, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-836-9.ch010
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A movement rehabilitation therapist must first diagnose the cause of disability and then prescribe therapies that specifically target the dysfunctional unit of the movement system. Objective diagnosis and prescription are difficult, however, because human movement is the result of complicated interactions among complex and highly nonlinear elements. Treatment based on limited observations may target the wrong element of the movement system. Researchers in central nervous system (CNS) control of human movement and functional electrical stimulation (FES) restoration of movement to paralyzed limbs face similar challenges in objective analysis of the integrated movement system. In this chapter, we will present evolutionary methods as powerful new tools for analysis and rehabilitation of human movement. These methods have been modeled after the same biological processes that have been optimized for the control of human movement in the process of biological evolution. Therefore, it is logical to think that these methods, if applied properly, could help us understand the control of human movement and repair it when it is disabled. A case study demonstrates the potential of evolutionary methods in movement analysis and rehabilitation.

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Table of Contents
Rezaul Begg, Marimuthu Palaniswami
Chapter 1
Russell Best, Rezaul Begg
This chapter provides an overview of the commonly used motion analysis approaches and techniques and the key features that are extracted from... Sample PDF
Overview of Movement Analysis and Gait Features
Chapter 2
Angelo M. Sabatini
Sensing approaches for ambulatory monitoring of human motion are necessary in order to objectively determine a person’s level of functional ability... Sample PDF
Inertial Sensing in Biomechanics: A Survey of Computational Techniques Bridging Motion Analysis and Personal Navigation
Chapter 3
Kamiar Aminian
In this chapter, first we outline the advantage of new technologies based on body-fixed sensors and particularly the possibility to perform field... Sample PDF
Monitoring Human Movement with Body-Fixed Sensors and its Clinical Applications
Chapter 4
Bharat Sundaram, Marimuthu Palaniswani, Alistair Shilton, Rezaul Begg
Computational intelligence (CI) encompasses approaches primarily based on artificial neural networks, fuzzy logic rules, evolutionary algorithms... Sample PDF
Computational Intelligence Techniques
Chapter 5
Stephen D. Prentice, Aftab E. Patla
Modelling the control of locomotor movements can take place at many different levels and represent gaits of different animal species. In many cases... Sample PDF
Modelling of Some Aspects of Skilled Locomotor Behaviour Using Artificial Neural Networks
Chapter 6
Gabor J. Barton
The decision-making performance of gait experts varies depending on their background, training and experience. They have to analyse large quantities... Sample PDF
Visualisation of Clinical Gait Data Using a Self-Organising Artificial Neural Network
Chapter 7
Michael E. Hahn, Arthur M. Farley, Li-Shan Chou
Gait patterns of the elderly are often adjusted to accommodate for reduced function in the balance control system. Recent work has demonstrated the... Sample PDF
Neural Network Models for Estimation of Balance Control, Detection of Imbalance, and Estimation of Falls Risk
Chapter 8
Rezaul Begg, Marimuthu Palaniswami
Automated gait pattern recognition capability has many advantages. For example, it can be used for the detection of at-risk or faulty gait, or for... Sample PDF
Recognition of Gait Patterns Using Support Vector Machines
Chapter 9
Rahman Davoodi, Gerald E. Loeb
Movement disabilities due to spinal cord injury (SCI) are usually incomplete, leaving the patients with partially functioning movement system. As a... Sample PDF
Control of Man-Machine FES Systems
Chapter 10
Rahman Davoodi, Gerald E. Loeb
A movement rehabilitation therapist must first diagnose the cause of disability and then prescribe therapies that specifically target the... Sample PDF
Evolutionary Methods for Analysis of Human Movement
Chapter 11
Jürgen Perl, Peter Dauscher
Behavioural processes like those in sports, motor activities or rehabilitation are often the object of optimization methods. Such processes are... Sample PDF
Dynamic Pattern Recognition in Sport by Means of Artificial Neural Networks
Chapter 12
Daniel N. Bassett, Joseph D. Gardinier, Kurt T. Manal, Thomas S. Buchanan
This chapter describes a biomechanical model of the forces about the ankle joint applicable to both unimpaired and neurologically impaired subjects.... Sample PDF
Estimation of Muscle Forces About the Ankle During Gait in Healthy and Neurologically Impaired Subjects
Chapter 13
David C. Ackland, Cheryl J. Goodwin, Marcus G. Pandy
The objectives of this chapter are as follows. First, a background in anatomy and biomechanics of the shoulder complex is presented to provide a... Sample PDF
Computational Modelling in Shoulder Biometrics
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