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Expanding Opportunities in a Shrinking World: A Conceptual Model Explicating the Role of Social Networks and Internet-Based Virtual Environments in Social Entrepreneurship

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DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60960-100-3.ch208
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MLA

Datta, Avimanyu and Len Jessup. "Expanding Opportunities in a Shrinking World: A Conceptual Model Explicating the Role of Social Networks and Internet-Based Virtual Environments in Social Entrepreneurship." Virtual Communities: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications. IGI Global, 2011. 491-507. Web. 21 Oct. 2014. doi:10.4018/978-1-60960-100-3.ch208

APA

Datta, A., & Jessup, L. (2011). Expanding Opportunities in a Shrinking World: A Conceptual Model Explicating the Role of Social Networks and Internet-Based Virtual Environments in Social Entrepreneurship. In Virtual Communities: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications (pp. 491-507). Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference. doi:10.4018/978-1-60960-100-3.ch208

Chicago

Datta, Avimanyu and Len Jessup. "Expanding Opportunities in a Shrinking World: A Conceptual Model Explicating the Role of Social Networks and Internet-Based Virtual Environments in Social Entrepreneurship." In Virtual Communities: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications, 491-507 (2011), accessed October 21, 2014. doi:10.4018/978-1-60960-100-3.ch208

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Abstract

The authors present a parsimonious theoretical model that illustrates how Internet-based virtual environments (such as social networking Web sites) moderate the relationship between social networks and social entrepreneurship. Social networks promote social entrepreneurship by means of (a) technology and knowledge transfer; (b) locating information; (c) generating entrepreneurial opportunities; (d) building entrepreneurial competency; (e) financing innovation; and (f) building effective networks for commercialization of innovations. Internet based virtual environments increase the velocity with which online social networks are formed and operationalized. They, thus, have a moderating effect in the relationship between social networks and social entrepreneurship. The authors also represent three concepts that are core to social networks: density, centrality, and heterogeneity. They posit that all three explain variance in social entrepreneurship and that Internet-based virtual environments moderate each of the relationships these three elements of social networks have with social entrepreneurship.
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Complete Chapter List

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Chapter 1
David P. Colachico
We are currently living in an electronic age where it is easier to travel the world, stay in touch with people who live away from our face-to-face... Sample PDF
Creating and Sustaining Community in a Virtual World
$37.50
Chapter 2
Eleni Berki, Mikko Jäkälä
Information and communication technology gradually transform virtual communities to active meeting places for sharing information and for supporting... Sample PDF
Cyber-Identities and Social Life in Cyberspace
$37.50
Chapter 3
Petter Bae Brandtzæg, Jan Heim
The last few years have seen a substantial growth in online communities such as MySpace and Facebook. In order to survive and increase in size... Sample PDF
Explaining Participation in Online Communities
$37.50
Chapter 4
Jon Dron, Terry Anderson
Understanding the affordances, effectiveness and applicability of new media in multiple contexts is usually a slow and evolving process with many... Sample PDF
How the Crowd Can Teach
$37.50
Chapter 5
Demosthenes Akoumianakis
This chapter aims to provide an introductory tutorial to the key topics and themes suggested in the chapter’s title and further developed by authors... Sample PDF
New Media, Communities, and Social Practice: An Introductory Tutorial
$37.50
Chapter 6
Abhijit Roy
Technology has enabled communities to move beyond the physical face-to-face contacts to the online realm of the World Wide Web. With the advent of... Sample PDF
Online Communities and Social Networking
$37.50
Chapter 7
Scott Wilson
This chapter describes the mechanisms of presence in social networks and presents an ontology that frames the purpose, content, methods of... Sample PDF
Presence in Social Networks
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Chapter 8
Blanchard, Blanchard
Sense of virtual community is an important component of successful virtual communities. Defined as members’ feelings of belonging, identity, and... Sample PDF
Sense of Virtual Community
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Chapter 9
Rhoda C. Joseph
This article examines the area of social computing and its implications for electronic government (e­-government). Social computing is a broad term... Sample PDF
Social Computing: Implications for E-Government
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Chapter 10
Hernâni Borges de Freitas, Alexandre Barão, Alberto Rodrigues da Silva
A social network represents a set of social entities that interact through relationships like friendship, co-working, or information exchange.... Sample PDF
Social Networks in Information Systems: Tools and Services
$37.50
Chapter 11
Vivian Hsueh Hua Chen, Henry Been Lirn Duh
Massive Multiplayer Online Games (MMOG) allows a large number of players to cooperate, compete and interact meaningfully in the online environment.... Sample PDF
Socializing in the Online Gaming Community: Social Interaction in World of Warcraft
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Chapter 12
Lalita Rajasingham
This chapter contributes to the ongoing discussion on current best practice and trends in e-learning and virtual classes in higher education. With... Sample PDF
The E-Learning Phenomenon: A New University Paradigm?
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Chapter 13
Marion Cottingham
For centuries universities have worked as individual entities in isolation, and students have attended classes their respective campuses. In the 70s... Sample PDF
The Evolution of Virtual Universities
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Chapter 14
Luis V. Casaló
The rapid growth of virtual communities has created a new interest in researchers. Indeed, understanding these communities is especially relevant... Sample PDF
The Role of Trust, Satisfaction, and Communication in the Development of Participation in Virtual Communities
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Chapter 15
Luis V. Casaló, Carlos Flavián, Miguel Guinalíu
Individuals are increasingly turning to computermediated communication in order to get information on which to base their decisions. For instance... Sample PDF
Trust in Virtual Communities
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Chapter 16
Sunanda Sangwan, Chong Guan, Judy A. Siguaw
Multi-user virtual communities have become an accepted fundamental component of communication whereby community members share information and... Sample PDF
Virtual Social Networks: Toward A Research Agenda
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Chapter 17
Sue Conger
Social networking sites, enabled by Web 2.0 technologies and embodied in role-playing virtual worlds, are gaining in popularity and use both for... Sample PDF
Web 2.0, Virtual Worlds, and Real Ethical Issues
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Chapter 18
Marie C. Paretti, Lisa D. McNair
This chapter uses activity theory as a lens to understand the implications of both virtual collaboration and cross-cultural contact for... Sample PDF
Communication in Global Virtual Activity Systems
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Chapter 19
Fernando Garrigos
This chapter presents the interrelationships between professional virtual communities and social networks, and analyzes how, and in what ways, these... Sample PDF
Interrelationships Between Professional Virtual Communities and Social Networks, and the Importance of Virtual Communities in Creating and Sharing Knowledge
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Chapter 20
Sharmila Pixy Ferris
In this chapter the author explores Millenials’ participation in the public good, investigating whether they use social networking for social... Sample PDF
Millenials, Social Networking and Social Responsibility
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Chapter 21
Krzysztof Juszczyszyn, Katarzyna Musial
Network motifs are small subgraphs that reflect local network topology and were shown to be useful for creating profiles that reveal several... Sample PDF
Motif Analysis and the Periodic Structural Changes in an Organizational Email-Based Social Network
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Chapter 22
Neil P. Baird
Virtual workplaces are no longer the province of young technophiles, and we must become more conscious of the particular challenges and issues those... Sample PDF
Negotiating Virtual Identity in an Age of Globalization
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Chapter 23
Rosanna E. Guadagno, Cassie A. Eno, Bradley M. Okdie
The present chapter examines current research of blogging practices; it focuses on the personal blog, a blog created and maintained by an individual... Sample PDF
Personal Blogging; Individual Differences and Motivations
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Chapter 24
Gunnar Harboe
This chapter provides an introduction to and overview of social television, in an attempt to find the real meaning of the term. It explores the... Sample PDF
In Search of Social Television
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Chapter 25
Matti Tedre
This chapter introduces the reader to some social research characteristics that are central to the social study of computer science. It introduces... Sample PDF
The Social Study of Computer Science
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Chapter 26
Jamie S. Switzer
The world now lives and works in cyberspace. Often, organizations have their people perform functional tasks by working in virtual teams, where... Sample PDF
Successful Communication in Virtual Teams and the Role of the Virtual Team Leader
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Chapter 27
Maonolis Tsiknakis
This chapter provides an overview and discussion of virtual communities in health and social care. The available literature indicates that a virtual... Sample PDF
Virtual Communities in Health and Social Care
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Chapter 28
Rui Lopes, Konstantinos Votis, Luís Carriço, Spiridon Likothanassis
The Web serves as the principal mediator for information sharing and communication on a worldwide scale. Its highly decentralized nature affords a... Sample PDF
A Service Oriented Ontological Framework for the Semantic Validation of Web Accessibility
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Chapter 29
Manuel Kolp, Yves Wautelet
Information systems are deeply linked to human activities. Unfortunately, development methodologies have been traditionally inspired by programming... Sample PDF
A Social Framework for Software Architectural Design
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Chapter 30
M. Mari, A. Poggi, M. Tomaiuolo
Virtual communities represent the gathering of people, in an online “space” where they come, communicate, connect, and get to know each other better... Sample PDF
Agent-Based Network Infrastructure for E-Communities
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Chapter 31
Tudor Groza, Siegfried Handschuh, John G. Breslin, Stefan Decker
Classic argumentative discussions can be found in a variety of domains from traditional scientific publishing to today’s modern social software. An... Sample PDF
An Abstract Framework for Modeling Argumentation in Virtual Communities
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Chapter 32
Anton Nijholt, Dirk Heylen, Rutger Rienks
In this chapter the authors discuss a particular approach to the creation of socio-technical systems for the meeting domain. Besides presenting a... Sample PDF
Creating Social Technologies to Assist and Understand Social Interactions
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Chapter 33
Diego Liberati
A framework is proposed that creates, uses, communicates, and distributes information whose organizational dynamics allow it to perform a... Sample PDF
Design and Managing of Distributed Virtual Organizations
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Chapter 34
Asim Balci, Erhan Kumas, Tunç D. Medeni
Development and extensive use of information and communication technologies has led to important implications for public sectors throughout the... Sample PDF
Development and Implementation of E-Government Services in Turkey: Towards a More Citizen-Oriented Public Administration System
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Chapter 35
Avimanyu Datta, Len Jessup
The authors present a parsimonious theoretical model that illustrates how Internet-based virtual environments (such as social networking Web sites)... Sample PDF
Expanding Opportunities in a Shrinking World: A Conceptual Model Explicating the Role of Social Networks and Internet-Based Virtual Environments in Social Entrepreneurship
$37.50
Chapter 36
Juwel Rana, Josef Hallberg, Kåre Synnes, Johan Kristiansson
The cloud computing model inherently enables information from social networking services (Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn, and so forth), context-based... Sample PDF
Harnessing the Cloud for Mobile Social Networking Applications
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Chapter 37
Brian Whitworth
If politeness makes society a nicer place to be, by lubricating the interaction of its human parts, then the same is important for online society.... Sample PDF
Politeness as a Social Software Requirement
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Chapter 38
Anas Abou El Kalam, Yves Deswarte
With the emergence of Web Services-based collaborative systems, new issues arise, in particular those related to security. In this context, Web... Sample PDF
PolyOrBAC: An Access Control Model for Inter-Organizational Web Services
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Chapter 39
Mladen Stanojevic, Sanja Vraneš
In this chapter, several knowledge representation and processing techniques based on a symbolic and semantic approach are briefly described. The... Sample PDF
Semantic Approach to Knowledge Representation and Processing
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Chapter 40
Robert Gilles, Tabitha James, Reza Barkhi, Dimitrios Diamantaras
Social networks depict complex systems as graph theoretic models. The study of the formation of such systems (or networks) and the subsequent... Sample PDF
Simulating Social Network Formation: A Case-Based Decision Theoretic Model
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Chapter 41
Domínguez
The social network analysis (SNA) method is a set of methods considered these days as a paradigm or a method that offers “the mapping and measuring... Sample PDF
Social Network Analysis for Virtual Communities
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Chapter 42
Kam Hou Vat
The mission of this chapter is to present a framework of ideas concerning the expected form of knowledge sharing over the emerging Semantic Web. Of... Sample PDF
The Generative Potential of Appreciative Inquiry as an Essential Social Dimension of the Semantic Web
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Chapter 43
Theodor G. Wyeld, Ekaterina Prasolova-Forland
Remote, collaborative work practices are increasingly common in a globalised society. Simulating these environments in a pedagogical setting allows... Sample PDF
Using Activity Theory to Assess the Effectiveness of an Online Learning Community: A Case Study in Remote Collaboration Using a 3D Virtual Environment
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Chapter 44
Lee Moh Shan, Juliana Sutanto, Atreyi Kankanhalli, Bernard C.Y. Tan
Virtual communities were initially recognized as social phenomena. This is evident from the definition of virtual community as “a social aggregation... Sample PDF
Virtual Community Models in Relation to E-Business Models
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Chapter 45
Bill Karakostas, Dimitris Kardaras, Adéla Zichová
Virtual communities are groups of people with similar interests who meet online and together act as a learning environment, place for social... Sample PDF
The Role of Virtual Communities in the Customization of e-Services
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Chapter 46
Sheng-Uei Guan, Fangming Zhu
Electronic commerce (e-commerce) is booming with the increasing accessibility of the Internet. E-commerce is revolutionizing the concept of carrying... Sample PDF
A Virtual Community for Mobile Agents
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Chapter 47
James K. Ford, Tobias Höllerer
Until recently, Augmented Reality (AR) technology has rarely been discussed outside of the computer science world. It has taken years for this... Sample PDF
Augmented Reality and the Future of Virtual Workspaces
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Chapter 48
Lisa Kervin, Jessica Mantei, Anthony Herrington
This chapter examines blogging as a social networking tool to engage final year preservice teachers in reflective processes. Using a developed Web... Sample PDF
Blogs as a Social Networking Tool to Build Community
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Chapter 49
David Hinds, Ronald M. Lee
In this chapter, the authors suggest how measures of “social network health” can be used to evaluate the status and progress of a virtual community.... Sample PDF
Assessing the Social Network Health of Virtual Communities
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Chapter 50
Norman E. Youngblood, Joel West
Collaborative writing is an important element of the virtual workplace. While it is sometimes enough to e-mail a document back and forth between... Sample PDF
Collaborative Writing Tools in the Virtual Workplace
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Chapter 51
Peter Burkhardt
Social networking and Web 2.0 are the hottest words in technology right now; but is there more than just hype? This chapter will define and describe... Sample PDF
Social Software Trends in Business
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Chapter 52
Le-Shin Wu, Ruj Akavipat, Ana Gabriela Maguitman, Filippo Menczer
This chapter proposed a collaborative peer network application called 6Search (6S) to address the scalability limitations of centralized search... Sample PDF
Adaptive Peer-to-Peer Social Networks for Distributed Content-Based Web Search
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Chapter 53
Matt Crosslin
Moodle is currently one of the more popular opensource course management systems in online education. Some evaluations have also indicated that... Sample PDF
Course Management Meets Social Networking in Moodle
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Chapter 54
Christine Simard, Josianne Basque
This chapter discusses how cultural variables can be taken into account when designing computer-based learning environments (CLEs). Its purpose is... Sample PDF
Cultural Variables and Instructional Engineering
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Chapter 55
Demosthenes Akoumianakis
This article aims to develop a conceptual frame of reference for analyzing and gaining insight to virtual community practices. The author’s... Sample PDF
Designing Practice-Oriented Toolkits: A Retrospective Analysis of Communities, New Media and Social Practice
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Chapter 56
Miguel A. Garcia-Ruiz, Arthur Edwards, Raul Aquino-Santos, Samir El-Seoud, Miguel Vargas Martin
Small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs) in most world economies suffer from a series of intense economic pressures from local, regional and... Sample PDF
Desktop Virtual Reality Applications for Training Personnel of Small Businesses
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Chapter 57
Chrisoula Alexandraki, Nikolas Valsamakis
The chapter provides an overview of virtual music communities focusing on novel collaboration environments aiming to support networked and... Sample PDF
Enabling Virtual Music Performance Communities
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Chapter 58
Katrin Weller, Isabella Peters, Wolfgang G. Stock
This chapter discusses folksonomies as a novel way of indexing documents and locating information based on user generated keywords. Folksonomies are... Sample PDF
Folksonomy: The Collaborative Knowledge Organization System
$37.50
Chapter 59
Sukumar Ganapati
This chapter explores the institutional opportunities and challenges of adopting wireless communications for mobile government at the local level.... Sample PDF
Instititutional Opportunities and Challenges of the Wireless City
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Chapter 60
Anders Kofod-Petersen, Rebekah Wegener
Location-aware social network services are set to be the next generation of social networking services. These services typically allow users to send... Sample PDF
Like a Poke on Facebook Emergent Semantics in Location-Aware Social Network Services
$37.50
Chapter 61
Lee Humphreys
Mobile social networks allow users to connect with each other, share information, and create technologically enabled mobile communities. With the... Sample PDF
Mobile Social Networks and Services
$37.50
Chapter 62
Paul T. Kidd
Addressed in this chapter is the Social Shaping of the Semantic Web in the context of moving beyond the workplace application domain that has so... Sample PDF
On the Social Shaping of the Semantic Web
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Chapter 63
Nainika Seth
Online personals have been a remarkably successful in the Western World and have been emulated in other cultural contexts. The introduction of the... Sample PDF
Online Matrimonial Sites and the Transformation of Arranged Marriage in India
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Chapter 64
Helen Donelan, Clem Herman, Karen Kear, Gill Kirkup
Social interaction technologies present women with powerful tools to extend their network of professional contacts. This chapter considers the use... Sample PDF
Online Participation; Shaping the Networks of Professional Women
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Chapter 65
Justin D. Weisz
Online video is one of the Internet’s most popular services. In addition to entertainment, it can provide a social experience. This chapter... Sample PDF
Online Video as a Social Activity
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Chapter 66
RSS in Virtual Organizations  (pages 1002-1008)
Tom Chan
Rich site summary (RSS) is a type of XML document used to share Web contents. Originally designed by Netscape (http://www.netscape.com) to create... Sample PDF
RSS in Virtual Organizations
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Chapter 67
Gianluca Correndo, Harith Alani, Manuel Salvadores
Most organizations store their data in several databases with no flexible mechanism for integration and access, and with no common vocabulary in... Sample PDF
Social Support for Ontological Mediation and Data Integration
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Chapter 68
Tom Gross, Thilo Paul-Stueve, Mirko Fetter
Social TV provides co-located and geographically distributed TV spectators with facilities for jointly watching television and for social... Sample PDF
Social TV from a Computer-Supported Cooperative Work Perspective
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Chapter 69
James M. Laffey, Christopher J. Amelung
Context-aware activity notification systems have potential to improve and support the social experience of online learning. The authors of this... Sample PDF
Using Notification Systems to Create Social Places for Online Learning
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Chapter 70
Georgios Michaelides, Gábor Hosszú
The importance of the virtual communities’ privacy and security problems comes into prominence by the rapid development of online social networks.... Sample PDF
Privacy and Security for Virtual Communities and Social Networks
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Chapter 71
Benjamin E. Erlandson
CompILE is a sociotechnical “comprehensive interactive learning environment” system for personal knowledge management and visualization that... Sample PDF
Sociotechnical System Design for Learning: Bridging the Digital Divide with CompILE
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Chapter 72
Meng-Fen Grace Lin, Curtis J. Bonk, Suthiporn Sajjapanroj
Web 2.0 technologies empower individuals to contribute thoughts and ideas rather than passively survey online content and resources. Such... Sample PDF
Twin Wiki Wonders? Wikipedia and Wikibooks as Powerful Tools for Online Collaborative Writing
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Chapter 73
Jamie S. Switzer
This article will focus on the characteristics of a technology- supported virtual community where university students can seek the guidance of... Sample PDF
Virtual Community Mentoring in Higher Education
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Chapter 74
Mary Rose Grant
Adult learning theory suggests that adults need to perceive the relevance and purpose of learning in order to learn most effectively. Grounded in... Sample PDF
Application of Adult Learning Theory in Distance Learning
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Chapter 75
Nataly Martini, Jeff Harrison, Rick Bennett
Creative Waves: Visualising Issues in Pharmacy (VIP) was a global online project run over 14 weeks during 2007. The project linked over 200... Sample PDF
Creating Waves Across Geographical and Disciplinary Divides Through Online Creative Collaboration (OCC)
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Chapter 76
Lionel Mew, William H. Money
Online Social Networking (OSN) systems such as Ning, MySpace, Facebook and Friendster have achieved tremendous popularity. However, little research... Sample PDF
Effects of Computer Self Efficacy on the Use and Adoption of Online Social Networking
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Chapter 77
Harsha Gangadharbatla
This chapter focuses on detailing the role of five individual level factors—Internet self-efficacy, self-esteem, need to belong, need for... Sample PDF
Individual Differences in Social Networking Site Adoption
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Chapter 78
Grzegorz Kolaczek
One of the most important factors in human interaction and communication is trust. Each organization performing its quotidian tasks use... Sample PDF
Trust Modeling in a Virtual Organization Using Social Network Metrics
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Chapter 79
I. Apostolakis, A. Chryssanthou, I. Varlamis
A significant issue in health related applications is protecting a patient’s profile data from unauthorized access. In the case of telemedicine... Sample PDF
A Holistic Perspective of Security in Health Related Virtual Communities
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Chapter 80
Sudhir H. Kale
More than half a billion users across the globe have availed themselves of e-dating services. This chapter looks at the marketing and cross-cultural... Sample PDF
A Trination Analysis of Social Exchange Relationships in E-Dating
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Chapter 81
Brian Amento, Chris Harrison, Mukesh Nathan, Loren Terveen
With the advent of digital video recorders and video-on-demand services, the way in which we consume media is undergoing a fundamental change.... Sample PDF
Asynchronous Communication: Fostering Social Interaction with CollaboraTV
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Chapter 82
Carolyn Kristjánsson
In a climate of increasing globalization with calls for the development of online learning communities that thrive on diversity, it is important to... Sample PDF
Collaborating with a (Non)Collaborator: Interpersonal Dynamics and Constructions of Identity in Graduate Online Learning
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Chapter 83
Javier Soriano, Sonia Frutos, Jiménez. Miguel
Open source communities are one of the most successful-- and least appreciated--examples of high-performance collaboration and community building on... Sample PDF
Collaborative Development within Open Source Communities
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Chapter 84
Devan Rosen, Michael A. Stefanone, Derek Lackaff
People from distinct cultural backgrounds communicate and manage their interpersonal relations in systematically different ways. The current chapter... Sample PDF
Culturally Unique Social Patterns in Computer-Mediated Social Networking
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Chapter 85
Malcolm Shore
This chapter is about the way in which computer hackers invoke social networking paradigms to support and encourage their activities. It reviews the... Sample PDF
Cyber Security and Anti-Social Networking
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Chapter 86
Anita L. Blanchard
Howard Rheingold’s (1993) book The Virtual Community: Homesteading on the Electronic Frontier was the first to bring virtual communities to the... Sample PDF
Definition, Antecedents, and Outcomes of Successful Virtual Communities
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Chapter 87
Steve Wheeler
The use of group oriented software, or groupware, encourages students to generate their own content (McGill et al, 2005) and can foster supportive... Sample PDF
Destructive Creativity on the Social Web: Learning through Wikis in Higher Education
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Chapter 88
Julie Davis, Letitia Harding, Deanna Mascle
Online or e-learning is increasingly becoming an integral part of education and training programs both in the academic world and in industry. This... Sample PDF
Digital Connections and Learning Styles
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Chapter 89
Malathi Subramanian, Anupama Saxena
IT enabled e-governance in India seeks to achieve a more equitous, efficient, transparent, speedy, and corruption free service delivery system. But... Sample PDF
E-Governance in India: From Policy to Reality—A Case Study of Chhattisgarh Online Information System for Citizen Empowerment (CHOICE) Project of Chhattisgarh State of India
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Chapter 90
Maher O. Al-Fakhri, Robert A. Cropf, Gary Higgs, Patrick Kelly
Saudi Arabia is in the process of transitioning to e-government. Many of the Saudi government agencies have their own web sites; however, most are... Sample PDF
E-Government in Saudi Arabia: Between Promise and Reality
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Chapter 91
Irene le Roux, Karen Lazenby, Dolf Jordaan
The University of Pretoria (UP) implemented a virtual campus in 1999. The measure in which and rate at which the virtual campus environment was... Sample PDF
E-Learning and Virtual Campus Development: From Innovation to Sustainability
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Chapter 92
Heather D. Pfeiffer, Emma L. Tonkin
This chapter examines social tagging as annotation; first from the perspective of classification research; and second from the perspective of... Sample PDF
E-Tagging in Context; Information Management across Community Networks
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Chapter 93
George Ubachs, Christina Brey
In higher education, international student mobility has become increasingly important for learners as well as for institutions. But today’s mobility... Sample PDF
From Virtual Mobility to Virtual Erasmus: Offering Students Courses and Services without Boundaries
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Chapter 94
Laura A. Ripamonti, Armando Cirrincione
In 1994, Peters (1994) claimed that we are experiencing crazy times and that calls for crazy organizations. As a matter of fact, we are embedded... Sample PDF
Post-Modern Tribes as a Marketing Tool
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Chapter 95
Mark G. Elwell, Tunç D. Medeni
Online communities are increasingly seen to display the same features accepted as characteristic of communities based on face-to-face interaction.... Sample PDF
Technology Change and Online Community Development
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Chapter 96
Stacey L. Connaughton, Elizabeth A. Williams, Jennifer S. Linvill, Elizabeth J. O’Connor, Troy Hayes
Temporary virtual teams are common organizing forms across industries and sectors, and their members often span national, functional, and other... Sample PDF
Temporary Virtual Teams: An Empirical Examination of Team Development
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Chapter 97
Brian Whitworth
A socio-technical system (STS) is a social system built upon a technical base. An STS adds social requirements to human-computer interaction (HCI)... Sample PDF
The Social Requirements of Technical Systems
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Chapter 98
Mona Florea, Lillian Rafeldt, Susan Youngblood
The chapter presents healthcare examples of the current virtual working environment and introduces nursing skills necessary for evidence-based... Sample PDF
Using an Information Literacy Program to Prepare Nursing Students to Practice in a Virtual Workplace
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Chapter 99
Lea Kuznik
Virtual worlds for adults (e.g. Second Life), youth (e.g. Habbo) and children (e.g. Whyville) have a great potential for learning and teaching... Sample PDF
Using Virtual Worlds for Learning
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Chapter 100
Jengchung V. Chen, Yu-Hsiang Wang
Since the Internet and other IT technologies have become more popular than ever before, the amount of time people spend with computers and IT... Sample PDF
Virtual Community and Online Game Players
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Chapter 101
Gilliean Lee
In recent years, there has been an increasing demand for innovative ways of delivering education, which led to a more personalized, flexible, and... Sample PDF
Virtual Community of Learning Object Repository
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Chapter 102
Sheizaf Rafaeli, Tsahi Hayat, Yaron Ariel
A virtual knowledge-building community is a group of people who collaboratively produce knowledge through an online-mediated environment. The... Sample PDF
Virtual Knowledge-Building Communities
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Chapter 103
Huiyan Zhang, Marshall Scott Poole
This chapter reports the results of a multiple case study which investigated how virtual teams appropriated multiple media to facilitate the... Sample PDF
Virtual Team Identity Construction and Boundary Maintenance
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Chapter 104
Lynnette G. Leonard, Lesley A. Withers, John C. Sherblom
Past research on the effects of computer-mediated communication (CMC) on identity has focused either on the inherent risks or opportunities it... Sample PDF
The Paradox of Computer-Mediated Communication and Identity: Peril, Promise and Second Life
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Chapter 105
Zixue Tai
In comparison with the USA and Europe, the Chinese blogosphere was off to a later start; however, it has experienced phenomenal growth since its... Sample PDF
The Rise of the Chinese Blogosphere
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Chapter 106
Katheryn C. Maguire
This chapter examines the research on sex differences and gender identification in computer-mediated interaction (CMI), and presents a pilot study... Sample PDF
Is it a Boy or a Girl? Anonymity and Gender in Computer-Mediated Interactions
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Chapter 107
Tas Adam, Arthur Tatnall
The term learning disability (LD) refers to any retardation, disorder, or delayed development in one or more of the processes of speech, language... Sample PDF
Children with Special Needs as a Virtual Community
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Chapter 108
Christopher A. Miller
This chapter focuses not on technology mediation of human relationships, but rather on human-like relationships with technology itself. The author... Sample PDF
Relationships and Etiquette with Technical Systems
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Chapter 109
Mariza Georgalou
It has been argued that social network sites (SNSs) constitute a cultural arena which gives rise to the processes of self-presentation, impression... Sample PDF
Pathfinding Discourses of Self in Social Network Sites
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Chapter 110
Martin Weller, James Dalziel
This chapter looks at some of the areas of tension between the new social networking, Web 2.0 communities and the values of higher education. It... Sample PDF
Bridging the Gap Between Web 2.0 and Higher Education
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Chapter 111
Francesco Sofo
Social interaction technologies have made it possible for teams to exist in a virtual reality. Such change to the workplace status quo requires a... Sample PDF
From Software to Team Ware: Virtual Teams and Online Learning Culture
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Chapter 112
Luis F. Luna-Reyes, J. Ramon Gil-Garcia
Electronic government has the potential of transforming the way government works and interacts with citizens. However, recent research has found... Sample PDF
Institutions, Organizations, and Interorganizational IT Projects in the Mexican Federal Government
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Chapter 113
Laurence Claeys, Johan Criel
This chapter introduces the concept of critical user participation as a means to see the socio-technical gap in context aware applications as an... Sample PDF
Future Living in a Participatory Way
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Chapter 114
Jonathan Bishop
The rise of online communities in Internet environments has set in motion an unprecedented shift in power from vendors of goods and services to the... Sample PDF
Increasing Capital Revenue in Social Networking Communities: Building Social and Economic Relationships through Avatars and Characters
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Chapter 115
Stefan Hrastinski, Christina Keller, Jörgen Lindh
The transition from learning on campus to e-learning presents many challenges. One of the key challenges is the organisational culture, which may... Sample PDF
Is E-Learning Used for Enhancing Administration or Learning? On the Implications of Organisational Culture
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Chapter 116
Muhammet Demirbilek, Berna Mutlu
Information and communication technologies (ICT) have become an inevitable part of adolescents’ daily life and have caused macro and micro changes... Sample PDF
Language Learning and Social Communication Using Chat Rooms
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Chapter 117
Tunç D. Medeni, Mark Elwell, Steven A. Cook, Euler G.M. de Souza
It is increasingly being recognized that participation in role-playing gaming communities contributes to the learning of their members. Within the... Sample PDF
Learning Reflection and Creativity in Online Game Communities
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Chapter 118
Jalal Kawash, Christo El Morr, Hamza Taha, Wissam Charaf
Commuting forms an integral part of our lives, whether we are commuting for leisure or business. The use of location-based services and mobile... Sample PDF
Mobile Virtual Communities of Commuters
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Chapter 119
Jerzy Lepa, Arthur Tatnall
Around the world the proportion of older people is growing, and this group is accessing the World Wide Web more and more for a variety of purposes... Sample PDF
Older People, the Internet, and Virtual Communities
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Chapter 120
Peter J. Denning
Wicked problems (messes) are tangled social situations that are too costly to stay in and too intransigent to get out of. Collaboration is essential... Sample PDF
Resolving Wicked Problems through Collaboration
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Chapter 121
Anita Blanchard, David A. Askay, Katherine A. Frear
Sense of virtual community (feelings of identity, belonging, and attachment) is an essential component of virtual communities. In this chapter, we... Sample PDF
Sense of Community in Professional Virtual Communities
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Chapter 122
Sense of Virtual Community  (pages 1821-1829)
Hanna-Kaisa Ellonen, Miia Kosonen, Kaisa Henttonen
Virtual communities have been an issue in academic research since the 1990s (c.f., Fernback & Thompson, 1995; Hagel & Armstrong, 1997; Preece, 2000;... Sample PDF
Sense of Virtual Community
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Chapter 123
Dhrubodhi Mukherjee
Social interaction technologies create communicative possibilities that go beyond dyadic interactions and across physical boundaries, bringing a... Sample PDF
Social Capital, Social Networks, and the Social Web; The Case of Virtual Volunteering
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Chapter 124
Max Kennedy, Toru Sakaguchi
This chapter attempts to understand the trust in social network services, where users post their personal information online to everyone with or... Sample PDF
Trust in Social Networking: Definitions from a Global, Cultural Viewpoint
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Chapter 125
Carolyn McKinnell Jacobson
A virtual world is a computer-based simulated environment, usually modeled after the real world, accessed through an online interface, and inhabited... Sample PDF
Virtual Worlds and the 3-D Internet
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Chapter 126
Sunitha Kuppuswamy, P. B. Shankar Narayan
Social networking websites like Orkut, Facebook, Myspace and Youtube are becoming more and more popular and has become part of daily life for an... Sample PDF
The Impact of Social Networking Websites on the Education of Youth
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Chapter 127
Greg Streib, Ignacio Navarro
Much has been written about the benefits of e-government, but far less has been written about how the e-government revolution will be staffed. Many... Sample PDF
Administrative Leadership and the Electronic City: Challenges and Opportunities
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Chapter 128
Yuri Kazepov, Giovanni Torris
Starting from the increasingly widespread need to develop effective teaching in complex transnational settings, this chapter presents an innovative... Sample PDF
Blending Virtual Campuses Managing Differences through Web 2.0 Experiences in Transnational Cooperation Projects
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Chapter 129
Anna Peachey, Daniel Livingstone, Sarah Walshe
In 2005 the Centre for Professional Learning and Development at the Open University (OU) established a pioneering collaboration with Reuters (which... Sample PDF
Blueprint for a Mashup: Corporate Education in Moodle, Sloodle and Second Life
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Chapter 130
Hunter W. Jamerson
The purpose of this chapter is to advise developers, content providers, end users, legislators, and business managers about the challenges and... Sample PDF
Bringing Real Justice to Virtual Worlds: World of Warcraft and Second Life
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Chapter 131
E. Claver-Cortés
Government agencies are being pressed to become more efficient. For this reason, e-government strategies result from the expectations from society... Sample PDF
E-Government Challenges: Barriers and Facilitators in Spanish City Councils
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Chapter 132
Yulin Fang, Dev K. Dutta
Despite a sizable body of literature on virtual organization, little attention has been paid to defining organizational virtuality and identifying... Sample PDF
Explaining Organizational Virtuality: Insights from the Knowledge-Based View
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Chapter 133
Gunilla Widén-Wulff, Anna-Karin Tötterman
Social interaction technologies can successfully employ the previously untapped power of the web to utilize the collaborative creation of... Sample PDF
A Social Capital Perspective on Collaboration and Web 2.0
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Chapter 134
Iris Reychav, Jacob Weisberg
The ongoing expansion of organizations’ international activities has led to a search for solutions to assist in the creation and transfer of... Sample PDF
Sharing Knowledge in Virtual Communities
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Chapter 135
Stefan Klink, Peter Weiß
This chapter looks at the impact and opportunities of semantic technologies and Web services to business relationships and how social Semantic Web... Sample PDF
Social Impact of Collaborative Services to Maintain Electronic Business Relationships
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Chapter 136
Chris Abbott, William Alder
Although social networking has been enthusiastically embraced by large numbers of children and young people, their schools and colleges have been... Sample PDF
Social Networking and Schools: Early Responses and Implications for Practice
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Chapter 137
Margherita Pagani, Charles Hofacker
Managers are increasingly interested in the social web, as it provides numerous opportunities for strengthening and expanding relationships with... Sample PDF
Use and Participation in Virtual Social Networks: A Theoretical Model
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Chapter 138
Jens Gammelgaard
In geographically dispersed organizations, like multinational corporations (MNCs), contextual gaps exist between senders and receivers of knowledge.... Sample PDF
Virtual Communities of Practice: A Mechanism for Efficient Knowledge Retrieval in MNCs
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Chapter 139
Przemyslaw Kazienko, Dymitr Ruta
Modern telecommunication service providers implicitly create interactive social networks of individuals that both depend on and influence each other... Sample PDF
The Impact of Customer Churn on Social Value Dynamics
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Chapter 140
Rachel McLean
As a social activity, the shopping experience can not be recreated or improved through technical design alone. This chapter proposes that there is... Sample PDF
The Myth of the e-Commerce Serf to Sovereign Powershift
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Chapter 141
Luc Pauwels, Patricia Hellriegel
This chapter looks into YouTube as one of the most popular Social Software platforms, challenging the dominant discourse with its focus on community... Sample PDF
A Critical Cultural Reading of "YouTube"
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Chapter 142
Maria Vargas-Vera, Miklos Nagy, Dominik Zyskowski, Konstanty Haniewicz, Witold Abramowicz
The promise of being able to support Business-to-Customer applications with a rapidly growing number of heterogeneous services available on the... Sample PDF
Challenges on Semantic Web Services
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Chapter 143
Jan vom Brocke, Christian Sonnenberg, Christoph Lattemann, Stefan Stieglitz
The usage of social software and virtual community platforms opens up opportunities to bridge the gap between customers and companies and to... Sample PDF
Assessing the Total Cost of Ownership of Virtual Communities: The Case of the Berlin Stock Exchange
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Chapter 144
Kathryn Greene, Kate Magsamen-Conrad
Use of mediated channels of communication, such as email and instant messenger, is rapidly increasing, especially with adolescents and college-aged... Sample PDF
Disclosure Decisions in Existing Relationships Online: Exploring Motivations for CMC Channel Choice
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Chapter 145
Bakar Abdul Gapar Abu, Graeme Johanson
This chapter discusses the prospect of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) enhancing Malaysia’s policy development processes through... Sample PDF
Information and Communications Technologies and Policy Development for E-Democracy in Malaysia
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Chapter 146
Pei-Di Shen, Tsang-Hsiung Lee, Chia-Wen Tsai, Yi-Fen Chen
How can practices of knowledge management (KM) enable organizational learning to occur and then lead toward a learning organization? We seek the... Sample PDF
Enabling Organizational Learning to Contribute toward a Learning Organization: An Exploratory Case Study of Knowledge Management Practices in Taiwan’s Electronics Industry
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Chapter 147
Vishanth Weerakkody, Gurjit Dhillon
The UK government is striving towards a vision for government-wide transformation, in which local authorities and central government departments are... Sample PDF
Moving from E-Government to T-Government: A Study of Process Reengineering Challenges in a UK Local Authority Context
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Chapter 148
François Fulconis, Thierry Garrot
In the restructuring and reforming of European education, e-learning has become one of the priorities of the Ministry of Education, Higher Education... Sample PDF
Network Organisation to Improve Virtual Campus Management: Key Factors from a French Experience
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Chapter 149
Christie L. McDaniel
Virtual teams are become more and more popular as the world becomes more connected; furthermore, research is suggesting that virtual teams are as... Sample PDF
Removing Space and Time: Tips for Managing the Virtual Workplace
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Chapter 150
Lynette Kvasny, Fay Cobb Payton, Kayla D. Hales
Using Denning’s model of Internet activism as a sensitizing framework, this chapter describes the manner in which Black bloggers (referred to as the... Sample PDF
Social Activism in the ‘Blackosphere’: The Jena 6 Case
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Chapter 151
Nisrine Zammar
This article examines the role of actors in a Social Network Sites and also the triggers and challenges they represent to social networking between... Sample PDF
Social Network Sites: The Science of Building and Maintaining Online Communities, a Perspective from Actor-Network Theory
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Chapter 152
Anca Draghici, Diana Barglazan, Myriam Lewkowicz, Gila Molcho
This chapter presents some recent studies of the social and human dimension of Semantic Web services in the era of virtual organizations, focusing... Sample PDF
Social/Human Dimensions of Web Services: Communication Errors and Cultural Aspects
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Chapter 153
Bolanle A. Olaniran, Hansel E. Burley, Maiga Chang, Rita Kuo, MaryFrances Agnello
The Semantic Web holds significant implications for learning, culture, and non-native speakers, with culture and non-native speakers rarely being... Sample PDF
Socio-Technical Challenges of Semantic Web: A Culturally Exclusive Proposition?
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Chapter 154
Christo Dichev, Jinsheng Xu, Darina Dicheva, Jinghua Zhang
Collaborative tagging systems demonstrate the potential to generate collectively built organization structures forming the basis for social... Sample PDF
Measuring Similarity of Interests for Clustering Taggers and Resources
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Chapter 155
Stephen C. Yungbluth, Zachary P. Hart
This chapter examines how power dynamics are manifested in virtual work. It starts with a look at how power is demonstrated in traditional decision... Sample PDF
The Amplification of Power Dynamics in Virtual Work
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Chapter 156
Jillianne R. Code, Nicholas E. Zaparyniuk
Social and group interactions in online and virtual communities develop and evolve from expressions of human agency. The exploration of the... Sample PDF
The Emergence of Agency in Online Social Networks
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Chapter 157
Richard Ribeiro, Chris Kimble
This chapter examines the possibility of discovering a “hidden” (potential) Community of Practice (CoP) inside electronic networks, and then using... Sample PDF
The Search for the ’Hidden’ Virtual Communities of Practice: Some Preliminary Premises
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Chapter 158
Shafiz A. Mohd Yusof
This chapter attempts to explore the possibility of building social capital in virtual community(VC) by first introducing the phenomenon, its... Sample PDF
Understanding Social Capital Formation for Knowledge Sharing in Virtual Communities
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Chapter 159
Laura Widyanto, Mark Griffiths
It has been alleged by some academics that excessive Internet use can be pathological and addictive. This chapter reviews what is known from the... Sample PDF
Unravelling the Web: Adolescents and Internet Addiction
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Chapter 160
Paul Hodgson
This chapter analyses the formation and generation of social trust through communications technology in postmodern society, and presents some... Sample PDF
The Impact of Communications Technology on Trust
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Chapter 161
Bryant Paul, Lelia Samson
This chapter considers the potential role of the Internet in the process of adolescent sexual identity construction. It starts by providing evidence... Sample PDF
The Internet and Adolescent Sexual Identity
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Chapter 162
Larry L. Burriss
What in the world is a chapter on law doing in a book on psychology, behavior and affect (that’s af’ ekt, not ? fekt’)? Well, the analogy of a game... Sample PDF
The Role of Law in Adolescent Online Social Communication and Behavior
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Chapter 163
Thorsten Caus, Stefan Christmann
As mobile Internet usage continues to grow, the phenomenon of accessing online communities through mobile devices draws researchers’ attention.... Sample PDF
Mobile Social Web; Opportunities and Drawbacks
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Chapter 164
Katia Passerini, Diana Walsh
This article reviews the use of e-learning in various organizations. It highlights recent changes in e-learning paradigms such as the shift from an... Sample PDF
E-Learning with the Network: The Importance of ‘Always On’ Connectivity
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Chapter 165
Kenneth E. Kendall, Julie E. Kendall
This chapter explores the social, organizational, and individual impacts of emerging information technologies using the advent of recent... Sample PDF
Good and Evil in the Garden of Emerging Information Technologies
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Chapter 166
John M. Artz
Virtual worlds, while not a new phenomenon, have come to the foreground of information technology in the past few years largely due to the growth of... Sample PDF
The Current State and Future Potential of Virtual Worlds
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Chapter 167
João Negreiros, Marco Painho, Fernando J. Aguilar, Manuel A. Aguilar
The present research focuses on the first software to offer spatial autocorrelation and association measures, spatial exploratory tools, variography... Sample PDF
Technical Outline of a W3 Spatial (Decision Support) Prototype
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Chapter 168
Maria Manuela Cunha, Goran D. Putnik, Eva Miranda
The convergence of information technology developments, together with instructional and pedagogical developments, is creating opportunities for new... Sample PDF
The Agile and Virtual University
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Chapter 169
William Ritke-Jones
This chapter outlines the need for team members to transform distorted assumptions about team members who are in some way different from them. In... Sample PDF
Using Role-Playing and Coaching in Virtual Worlds to Promote Team Transformation
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Chapter 170
Douglas Eyman
This chapter proposes an analytic for the assessment of sustainability and success of virtual workplaces. This analytic considers value, visibility... Sample PDF
Value, Visibility, Virtual Teamwork at Kairos
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Chapter 171
Ann Borda, Jonathan P. Bowen
This chapter introduces the concept of a Virtual Organization (VO), using the Internet to link geographically separated participants in an efficient... Sample PDF
Virtual Collaboration and Community
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Chapter 172
Virtual Mentoring  (pages 2612-2627)
Narissra Maria Punyanunt-Carter, Emilio S. Hernandez
With the proliferation of information technology and its saturation within homes, classrooms, and organizations, the traditional landscape of... Sample PDF
Virtual Mentoring
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Chapter 173
Isa Jahnke
The chapter describes an empirical study of a socio-technical community—as an extended part of an institution— with the aim of revealing its... Sample PDF
Socio-Technical Communities: From Informal to Formal?
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Chapter 174
Kurt Komaromi, Fahri Unsal, G. Scott Erickson
Trust in exchanges is an important concept in business and has become of topic of some interest in e-commerce. Substantial work has been done on how... Sample PDF
Millennials, Social Networking, and Trust
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Chapter 175
Demosthenes Akoumianakis
This chapter attempts to consolidate concepts, ideas and results reported in this volume in an effort to synthesize an agenda and sketch a roadmap... Sample PDF
Social Interactive Media and Virtual Community Practices: Retrospective and an R&D Agenda
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