Explaining the Geography of Infant Health

Explaining the Geography of Infant Health

Andrew Curtis (Louisiana State University, USA) and Michael Leitner (Louisiana State University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-756-0.ch001
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Abstract

During a seminar presentation to the Geography and Anthropology Faculty at Louisiana State University, a series of summary statistics were presented concerning the racial inequality in infant health outcomes in Baton Rouge. The numbers were quite startling, spurring one colleague to question the accuracy of the findings, as, in their words, “that would put us at developing world levels.” This sentiment was echoed by a National Science Foundation reviewer (I suspect from the United Kingdom) who read one of our proposals and expressed disbelief. The United States is a modern developed country, and yet in geographical pockets the infant mortality rate is alarmingly high. For some neighborhoods, between 1996 and 1998, in East Baton Rouge Parish the infant mortality rate was consistently above 40/1,000, reaching its highest rate in 1998 of 70/1,000. This means if 1,000 babies were born in this 0.25-mile neighborhood, 70 would die in the first year of life. Obviously, there is a problem. This book will investigate a host of ways to consider, and hopefully move towards solving, problems such as these using a Geographic Information System (GIS). In this chapter we will provide an introduction to the main themes of the book, namely negative pregnancy outcomes and the role geography and geographic techniques can play in their improvement.

Complete Chapter List

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Dedication
Table of Contents
Acknowledgments
Chapter 1
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
During a seminar presentation to the Geography and Anthropology Faculty at Louisiana State University, a series of summary statistics were presented... Sample PDF
Explaining the Geography of Infant Health
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Chapter 2
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
One of the purposes of this book is to introduce community health groups to the potential of GIS, a technology that can help in understanding the... Sample PDF
An Introduction to GIS (All Things Data)
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Chapter 3
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
The last chapter provided an introduction to two of the key components in a GIS: getting the data in, and then manipulating them to answer... Sample PDF
An Introduction to GIS (All Things Spatial)
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Chapter 4
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
This book has so far provided an introduction to GIS in terms of its use as part of a community health program. Subsequent chapters will describe a... Sample PDF
The Geography of Health Risks
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Chapter 5
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
n the opening chapters, GIS was broken into four general components, one of which was the spatial analysis of data. This is probably the least... Sample PDF
GIS and Spatial Analysis: Keeping It Simple
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Chapter 6
Advanced Spatial Analysis  (pages 174-202)
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
The last chapter presented several ideas of how to perform relatively simple forms of spatial analysis. Many of these approaches, though insightful... Sample PDF
Advanced Spatial Analysis
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Chapter 7
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
Four years have been spent analyzing infant health data for Baton Rouge. As with working with any dataset, one gets a feel for the data. One such... Sample PDF
Spatial/Temporal Stability in Neighborhoods of Risk: The Mobility of Mothers
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Chapter 8
Patient Confidentiality  (pages 224-244)
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
Different governmental agencies have long stored information in restricted-access databases. The advent of online data entry and analysis, and... Sample PDF
Patient Confidentiality
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Chapter 9
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
I recently gave a presentation to an Introduction to Gender and Minority Studies class at Louisiana State University. This was an interesting... Sample PDF
Creating the Baton Rouge Healthy Start GIS
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Chapter 10
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
By the title you might think this chapter is a departure from the general theme of this book. I beg your indulgence as I plead my case, because... Sample PDF
Bioterrorism, Pregnancy, and Old White Men
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Chapter 11
Jackie Mills
The previous chapters have provided a background in factors related to infant and maternal health and the various ways these individual and... Sample PDF
Rural Health Issues and Their Investigation in a GIS Environment
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About the Authors