Facing the Challenges of RFID Data Management

Facing the Challenges of RFID Data Management

Indranil Bose (University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong) and Chun Wai Lam (University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong)
Copyright: © 2009 |Pages: 17
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-298-5.ch014
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Abstract

Radio frequency identification (RFID) has generated vast amounts of interest in the supply chain, logistics, and the manufacturing area. RFID can be used to significantly improve the efficiency of business processes by providing automatic data identification and capture. Enormous data would be collected as items leave a trail of data while moving through different locations. Some important challenges such as false read, data overload, real-time acquisition of data, data security, and privacy must be dealt with. Good quality data is needed because business decisions depend on these data. Other important issues are that business processes must change drastically as a result of implementing RFID, and data must be shared between suppliers and retailers. The main objective of this article is focused on data management challenges of RFID, and it provides potential solutions for each identified risk.
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Introduction

According to the definition provided by the RFID Journal, “Radio frequency identification (RFID) is a generic term that is used to describe a system that transmits the identity of an object or person wirelessly in the form of a unique serial number, using radio waves. It’s grouped under the broad category of automatic identification technologies.” RFID is much more advantageous than the barcode and other smart card technologies. When a large quantity of items are moved from one place to another place, the individual reading and processing of tags is time consuming when using barcode. RFID can deal with those items with the design and mapping of generic IDs of individual products. In Malaysia the government’s commitment to drive the use of RFID has led to the successful adoption of chip-based credit cards. The Veterinary Services Department of Malaysia has decided to tag all 2.5 million livestock animals with economic value such as cattle, goat, and pigs by 2008 (Businessweek, 2007). It is expected that the RFID technology will grow very fast over the next three years. The global RFID market, which would include services, software, readers, and tags, will grow from $2.8 billion in 2006 to $8.1 billion by 2010 (The Economist, 2007).

RFID has a wide range of applications including warehouse resources management system (Chow, Choy, Lee, & Lau, 2006), integrated inventory management system (Saygin, 2007), retail management system (Sellitto, Burgess, & Hawking, 2007), real-time food traceability system (Connolly, 2007; Folinas, 2006; Kelepouris, 2007; Regattieri, Gamberi, & Manzini, 2007; Kempfer, 2007), product lifecycle management system (Harrison, McFarlane, Parlikad, & Wong, 2005; Parlikad & McFarlane, 2007), health care environment management system (Janz, Pitts, & Otondo, 2005), library resources management system (Yu, 2007), and shop-floor automation and factory information system (Qiu, 2007). Popular retailers like Wal-Mart, Gillette, Marks & Spencer, Tesco, Target, and Home Depot have already adopted the RFID technology. Using RFID data, Wal-Mart can predict the sales of a given item on a store-by-store basis and find out the reason why some products did not sell well. RFID allows Wal-Mart to sit down with its partners and plan how best to move products (Roberti, 2004). Gillette investigated the manner in which its tagged products were delivered from factory to customer store in its packaging and distribution center. Benefits reported by these stores appear to be directly related to the availability of the RFID data that are more accurate and timely than what was previously available, thereby allowing stock inventory to be better managed (Roberti, 2005a).

RFID data that is collected during the manufacturing process includes process start and finish time, product location, equipment location, labor location, equipment working status, stock keeping units (SKU), staff members’ identities, and quantity of goods received. In retail industry, date of manufacture, product ingredients, temperature history, number of operation cycles, total time in operation, and details of maintenance would be recorded. Apart from the manufacturing and retail industry, RFID also plays an important role in the health care industry. Verichip is marketing its human-implantable RFID chip for medical use. The chip, which is the size of a grain of rice, can be injected into a person’s arm. The pertinent medical records can be saved in the chip with a 16-digit code. Verichip expected the sales resulting from RFID chips to increase from $27.3 million in 2006 to $36 million in 2008 (Marcial, 2007).

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Foreword
Olaf Diegel
Acknowledgment
Judith Symonds, John Ayoade, David Parry
Chapter 1
Chin Boo Soon
This chapter describes the history and development of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID). Key information on RFID such as the ratification of the... Sample PDF
Radio Frequency Identification History and Development
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Chapter 2
John Garofalakis, Christos Mettouris
The continuous evolution of wireless technologies has made them ideal for use in many different applications, including user positioning. Until now... Sample PDF
Using Bluetooth for Indoor User Positioning and Informing
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Chapter 3
John Ayoade, Judith Symonds
Standards organisations such as EPC Global work to provide global compatibility between RFID readers and tags (EPCGlobal, 2007). This is essential... Sample PDF
RFID for Identification of Stolen/Lost Items
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Chapter 4
Filippo Gandino, Erwing Ricardo Sanchez, Bartolomeo Montrucchio, Maurizio Rebaudengo
This chapter deals with the use of RFID technology for improving management and security of agri-food products. In order to protect health and to... Sample PDF
RFID Technology for Agri-Food Tracability Management
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Chapter 5
Lena Mamykina, Elizabeth Mynatt
In the last decade, novel sensing technologies enabled development of applications that help individuals with chronic diseases monitor their health... Sample PDF
Interpreting Health and Wellness Information
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Chapter 6
Bryan Houliston
Hospitals are traditionally slow to adopt new information systems (IS). However, health care funders and regulators are demanding greater use of IS... Sample PDF
RFID in Hospitals and Factors Restricting Adoption
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Chapter 7
David Parry, Judith Symonds
Radio-frequency Identification (RFID) offers a potentially flexible and low cost method of locating objects and tracking people within buildings.... Sample PDF
RFID and Assisted Living for the Elderly
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Chapter 8
Ashir Ahmed, Ly-Fie Sugianto
This chapter introduces an activity-based framework for the adoption of radio frequency identification (RFID) in emergency management. The framework... Sample PDF
RFID in Emergency Management
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Chapter 9
Bin Shen, Yu-Jin Zhang
This chapter is concerned with online object tracking, which aims to locate a given object in each of the consecutive frames. Many algorithms have... Sample PDF
Subsequence-Wise Approach for Online Tracking
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Chapter 10
John Ayoade
The aim of Fixed-Mobile Convergence (FMC) is to provide both fixed-line and mobile telephony services to users through the same handset which could... Sample PDF
From Fixed to Mobile Convergence
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Chapter 11
Sarita Pais, Judith Symonds
RFID tags can store more data and can update this data through local processing. This is in contrast to the EPC global standard of data-on-network.... Sample PDF
Handling RFID Data Using a Data-on-Tag Approach
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Chapter 12
Maryam Purvis, Toktam Ebadi, Bastin Tony Roy Savarimuthu
The objective of this research is to describe a mechanism to provide an improved library management system using RFID and agent technologies. One of... Sample PDF
An Agent-Based Library Management System Using RFID Technology
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Chapter 13
Tommaso Di Noia, Eugenio Di Sciascio, Francesco Maria Donini, Michele Ruta, Floriano Scioscia, Eufemia Tinelli
We propose a novel object discovery framework integrating the application layer of Bluetooth and RFID standards. The approach is motivated and... Sample PDF
Semantic-Based Bluetooth-RFID Interaction for Advanced Resource Discovery in Pervasive Contexts
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Chapter 14
Indranil Bose, Chun Wai Lam
Radio frequency identification (RFID) has generated vast amounts of interest in the supply chain, logistics, and the manufacturing area. RFID can be... Sample PDF
Facing the Challenges of RFID Data Management
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Chapter 15
Masoud Mohammadian, Ric Jentzsch
The cost of health care continues to be a world wide issue. Research continues into ways and how the utilization of evolving technologies can be... Sample PDF
A Mobile Computing Framework for Passive RFID Detection System in Healthcare
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Chapter 16
Masoud Mohammadian, Ric Jentzsch
When dealing with human lives, the need to utilize and apply the latest technology to help in saving and maintaining patients’ lives is quite... Sample PDF
Intelligent Agents Framework for RFID Hospitals
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Chapter 17
David Wyld
We are in the midst of what may become one of the true technological transformations of our time. RFID (radio frequency identification) is by no... Sample PDF
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Technology
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About the Contributors