Forecasting the Stock Market with ANNs and Autonomous Agents

Forecasting the Stock Market with ANNs and Autonomous Agents

Christiano Leite Castro (University of Belo Horizonte, Brazil) and Anto^nio Pa´dua Braga (Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-941-0.ch125
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Investment strategies usually aim at achieving maximum profitability what, according to current management theory (Refenes, Burgess, & Bentz, 1997), can be obtained by the construction of well balanced investment portfolios that seek to maximum return and minimum risks. In order to provide users with information to plan a good investment portfolio, we present an e-commerce Web site solution that enables users to estimate in advance investments return and risks. The application, which is based on computational intelligence techniques, aims at forecasting and divulging the share prices of the main companies listed in the stock market. Artificial neural networks (ANNs) (Haykin, 1999) that have been used successfully in many other financial time series applications (Braga, Carvalho, Lurdemir, Almeida, & Lacerda, 2002; Refenes, et al., 1997; Zhang, 2003) were used as the main forecasting engine of the system. Autonomous agents (Paolucci, Sycara, & Kawamura, 2003; Russel & Norvig, 1995) are responsible for collecting, on a daily basis, information regarding sale and purchase of shares. The information collected is then used by the ANN to forecast future stock market trends and closing values. The Web site offers free of charge services, such as access to forecasting charts, simulation of investments and general guidelines for buying and selling shares.

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Editorial Advisory Board
Contents by Volume
Chapter 1
Marie-Luce Bourguet
Desktop multimedia (multimedia personal computers) dates from the early 1970s. At that time, the enabling force behind multimedia was the emergence... Sample PDF
An Overview of Multimodal Interaction Techniques and Applications
Chapter 2
Samuel G. Collins, Goran P. Trajkovski
Many in IT education—following on more than twenty years of multicultural critique and theory—have integrated “diversity” into their curricula. But... Sample PDF
Attack of the Rainbow Bots: Generating Diversity through Multi-Agent Systems
Chapter 3
Emerson Loureiro, Glauber Ferreira, Hyggo Almeida, Angelo Perkusich
In this chapter, we introduce the key ideas related to the paradigm of pervasive computing. We discuss its concepts, challenges, and current... Sample PDF
Pervasive Computing: What is it Anyway?
Chapter 4
Gerd Doeben-Henisch
This chapter outlines a possible research program for computational systems representing humanlike intelligence. After a short historical... Sample PDF
Reconstructing Human Intelligence within Computational Sciences: An Introductory Essay
Chapter 5
Paolo Giorgini, Brian Henderson-Sellers
As an introduction to agent-oriented (AO) methodologies, we first describe the characteristics of both agents and multi-agent systems (MASs). This... Sample PDF
Agent-Oriented Methodologies: An Introduction
Chapter 6
Alex Freitas, André C.P.L.F. de Carvalho
In machine learning and data mining, most of the works in classification problems deal with flat classification, where each instance is classified... Sample PDF
A Tutorial on Hierarchical Classification with Applications in Bioinformatics
Chapter 7
Sergio Suárez-Guerra, Jose Luis Oropeza-Rodriguez
This chapter presents the state-of-the-art automatic speech recognition (ASR) technology, which is a very successful technology in the computer... Sample PDF
Introduction to Speech Recognition
Chapter 8
Speaker Recognition  (pages 162-191)
Shung-Yung Lung
This chapter presents some of the main contributions in several topics of speaker recognition since 1978. Representative books and surveys on... Sample PDF
Speaker Recognition
Chapter 9
Thomas Eiter, Wolfgang Faber, Gerald Pfeifer
This chapter introduces planning and knowledge representation in the declarative action language K. Rooted in the area of Knowledge Representation &... Sample PDF
Declarative Planning and Knowledge Representation in an Action Language
Chapter 10
Joarder Kamruzzaman, Ruhul Sarker
The primary aim of this chapter is to present an overview of the artificial neural network basics and operation, architectures, and the major... Sample PDF
Artificial Neural Networks: Applications in Finance and Manufacturing
Chapter 11
Ric. Jentzsch, Renzo Gobbin
The complexities of business continue to expand. First technology, then the World Wide Web, ubiquitous commerce, mobile commerce, and who knows.... Sample PDF
A Cooperative Communicative Intelligent Agent Model for E-Commerce
Chapter 12
Tarum Bhaskar, Narasimha Kamath B.
Intrusion detection system (IDS) is now becoming an integral part of the network security infrastructure. Data mining tools are widely used for... Sample PDF
Intrusion Detection Using Modern Techniques: Integration of Genetic Algorithms and Rough Set with Neural Networks
Chapter 13
Marcos Gestal Pose, Alberto Cancela Carollo, José Manuel Andrade Garda, Mari Paz Gomez-Carracedo
This chapter shows several approaches to determine how the most relevant subset of variables can perform a classification task. It will permit the... Sample PDF
Several Approaches to Variable Selection by Means of Genetic Algorithms
Chapter 14
Genetic Programming  (pages 293-307)
William H. Hsu
Genetic programming (GP) is a subarea of evolutionary computation first explored by John Koza (1992) and independently developed by Nichael Lynn... Sample PDF
Genetic Programming
Chapter 15
Intelligent Data Analysis  (pages 308-314)
Xiaohui Liu
Intelligent Data Analysis (IDA) is an interdisciplinary study concerned with the effective analysis of data. IDA draws the techniques from diverse... Sample PDF
Intelligent Data Analysis
Chapter 16
Marco F. Ramoni, Paola Sebastiani
Born at the intersection of artificial intelligence, statistics, and probability, Bayesian networks (Pearl, 1988) are a representation formalism at... Sample PDF
Learning Bayesian Networks
Chapter 17
Matteo Cristani
What is an ontology? Why is this relevant to a learning environment? It is quite well-established in recent investigations on information systems... Sample PDF
Ontologies and E-Learning: How to Teach a Classification
Chapter 18
J. L. Fernandez-Villacanas Martin, P. Marrow, M. Shackleton
In this chapter we compare the performance of two contrasting evolutionary algorithms addressing a similar problem, of information retrieval. The... Sample PDF
On Measuring the Attributes of Evolutionary Algorithms: A Comparison of Algorithms Used for Information Retrieval
Chapter 19
Angélica de Antonio, Ricardo Imbert
The concept of Agent is being used with different meanings and purposes in two separate fields of software engineering, namely Requirements... Sample PDF
Combining Requirements Engineering and Agents
Chapter 20
Bharat Sundaram, Marimuthu Palaniswani, Alistair Shilton, Rezaul Begg
Computational intelligence (CI) encompasses approaches primarily based on artificial neural networks, fuzzy logic rules, evolutionary algorithms... Sample PDF
Computational Intelligence Techniques
Chapter 21
Xiangji Huang
Clustering is the process of grouping a collection of objects (usually represented as points in a multidimensional space) into classes of similar... Sample PDF
Clustering Analysis and Algorithms
Chapter 22
Mike Burmester
This chapter introduces the notion of trust as a means to establish security in mobile ubiquitous applications. It argues that trust is an essential... Sample PDF
Trust Models for Ubuitous Mobile Systems
Chapter 23
Daniel Kudenko, Dimitar Kazakov, Eduardo Alonso
In order to be truly autonomous, agents need the ability to learn from and adapt to the environment and other agents. This chapter introduces key... Sample PDF
Machine Learning for Agents and Multi-Agent Systems
Chapter 24
Paul Rippon, Kerrie Mengersen
Learning algorithms are central to pattern recognition, artificial intelligence, machine learning, data mining, and statistical learning. The term... Sample PDF
Bayesian Modelling for Machine Learning
Chapter 25
Peng-Yeng yin, Shyong-Jian Shyu, Guan-Shieng Huang, Shuang-Te Liao
With the advent of new sequencing technology for biological data, the number of sequenced proteins stored in public databases has become an... Sample PDF
A Bayesian Framework for Improving Clustering Accuracy of Protein Sequences Based on Association Rules
Chapter 26
Carlos A. Iglesias, Mercedes Garijo
This chapter introduces the main concepts of the methodology MAS-CommonKADS that extends object-oriented and knowledge engineering techniques for... Sample PDF
The Agent-Oriented Methodology MAS-CommonKADS
Chapter 27
Brian Henderson-Sellers
While individual agent-oriented methodologies are useful for restricted situations, a more flexible approach can be found in the use of situational... Sample PDF
Creating a Comprehensive Agent-Oriented Methodology: Using Method Engineering and the OPEN Metamodel
Chapter 28
Massimo Cossentino
A Process for Agent Societies Specification and Implementation (PASSI) is a step-by-step requirement-to-code methodology for designing and... Sample PDF
From Requirements to Code with PASSI Methodology
Chapter 29
Carole Bernon, Valérie Camps, Marie-Pierre Gleizes, Gauthier Picard
This chapter introduces the ADELFE methodology, an agent-oriented methodology dedicated to the design of systems that are complex, open, and not... Sample PDF
Engineering Adaptive Multi-Agent Systems: The ADELFE Methodology
Chapter 30
John Kontos, Ioanna Malagardi
Question Answering (QA) is one of the branches of Artificial Intelligence (AI) that involves the processing of human language by computer. QA... Sample PDF
Question Answering from Procedural Semantics to Model Discovery
Chapter 31
Zhe Xu, David John, Anthony C. Boucouvalas
As the popularity of the Internet has expanded, an increasing number of people spend time online. More than ever, individuals spend time online... Sample PDF
Fuzzy Logic Usage in Emotion Communication of Human Machine Interaction
Chapter 32
Christian Sebastian Loh
Online retailers make successful use of sophisticated online tracking mechanisms to profile their customers in order to understand their buying... Sample PDF
Designing Online Games Assessment as : Information Trails
Chapter 33
Vincent Wan
This chapter describes the adaptation and application of kernel methods for speech processing. It is divided into two sections dealing with speaker... Sample PDF
Building Sequence Kernels for Speaker Verification and Word Recognition
Chapter 34
Takashi Kido
This chapter introduces computational methods for detecting complex disease loci with haplotype analysis. It argues that the haplotype analysis... Sample PDF
A Haplotype Analysis System for Genes Discovery of Common Diseases
Chapter 35
Tatsuya Akutsu
This chapter provides an overview of computational problems and techniques for protein threading. Protein threading is one of the most powerful... Sample PDF
Algorithmic Aspects of Protein Threading
Chapter 36
Christopher Besemann, Anne Denton, Ajay Yekkirala, Ron Hutchison, Mark Anderson
In this chapter, we discuss the use of differential association rules to study the annotations of proteins in one or more interaction networks.... Sample PDF
Differential Association Rules: Understanding Annotations in Protein Interaction Networks
Chapter 37
Sergio Greco, Ester Zumpano
A strong interest in enhancing Datalog programs by the capability of disjunction emerged in several areas, such as databases, artificial... Sample PDF
Rewriting and Efficient Computation of Bound Disjunctive Datalog Queries
Chapter 38
John Garofalakis, Theodoula Giannakoudi, Yannis Panagis, Evangelos Sakkopoulos, Athanasios Tsakalidis
In this chapter, an information acquisition system is proposed which aims to provide log analysis, dealing with ubiquitous access media, by use of... Sample PDF
Semantic Knowledge Mining Techniques for Ubiquitous Access Media Usage Analysis
Chapter 39
V. K. Murthy
This chapter describes how to design agent-based negotiation systems in e-marketing. Such a negotiation scheme requires the construction of a... Sample PDF
Designing Agent-Based Negotiation for E-Marketing
Chapter 40
Nassim Belbaly, Hind Benbya
The objective of this chapter is to provide an analytical tool to assist organizations in their implementations of Intelligent Knowledge Management... Sample PDF
A Stage Model for NPD Process Maturity and IKMS Implementation
Chapter 41
Gary P. Moynihan, Bin Qiao, Matthew E. Elam, Joel Jones
The purpose of this research was to apply an artificial intelligence approach to improve the efficiency of design pattern selection used in the... Sample PDF
Development of an Intelligent Information Systems for Object-Oriented Software Design
Chapter 42
Yan Wang
Current CAD systems only support interactive geometry generation, which is not ideal for distributed engineering services in... Sample PDF
Document-Driven Design for Distributed CAD Services
Chapter 43
Konstantinos M. Siassiakos, Stefanos E. Papastefanatos, Athina A. Lazakidou
E-learning is developing rapidly worldwide. The volume of the information that e-learning systems render grows, too. Nowadays, the critical issue is... Sample PDF
The user Agent Architecture and E-Learning in Healthcare and Social Care
Chapter 44
Themis P. Exarchos, Costas Papaloukas, Markos G. Tsipouras, Yorgos Goletsis, Dimitrios I. Fotiadis, Lampros K. Michalis
ECG is one of the most common signals used in medical practice due to its noninvasive nature and the information it contains. Several systems and... Sample PDF
ECG Diagnosis Using Decision Support Systems
Chapter 45
Andrea Maffezzoli, Marco Masseroli
In the area of medical informatics, the recent ICT (information and communication technology) tools and systems supporting knowledge on sciences... Sample PDF
Genomic Databanks for Biomedical Informatics
Chapter 46
Christina Catley, Monique Frize, Dorina Petriu
This chapter explores the ongoing efforts to integrate Web services and the Semantic Web for the purposes of sharing knowledge, enabling access to... Sample PDF
Semantic Web Services for Healthcare
Chapter 47
Gunjan Kalra
This chapter discusses the process of providing information in its most accurate, complete form to its users and the difficulties faced by the users... Sample PDF
The Weather Tool, An Agent-Based Approach to Information Integration
Chapter 48
Richard Van Eck
The idea of digital game-based learning (DGBL) is gaining acceptance among researchers, game designers, educators, parents, and students alike.... Sample PDF
Building Artificially Intelligent Learning Games
Chapter 49
Can Yang, Jun Meng, Shanan Zhu
Input selection is an important step in nonlinear regression modeling. By input selection, an interpretable model can be built with less... Sample PDF
Cluster-Based Input Selection for Transparant Fuzzy Modeling
Chapter 50
Colin Tattersall, Jocelyn Maderveld, Bert van den Berg, René van Es, José Janssen, Rob Koper
Open and distance learning (ODL) gives learners freedom of time, place, and pace of study, putting learner self-direction centre stage. However... Sample PDF
Swarm-Based Wayfinding Support in Open and Distance Learning
Chapter 51
M. Julia Fernández-Getino García, José Luis Rojo-Álvarez, Víctor P. Gil-Jiménez, Felipe Alonso-Atienza, Ana García-Armada
Most of the approaches to digital communication applications using support vector machines (SVMs) rely on the conventional classification and... Sample PDF
A Complex Support Vector Machine Approach to OFDM Coherent Demodulation
Chapter 52
Manel Martínez-Ramón, Vladimir Koltchinskii, Gregory L. Heileman, Stefan Posse
Pattern recognition in functional magnetic resource imaging (fMRI) is a novel technique that may lead to a quantity of discovery tools in... Sample PDF
Classification of Multiple Interleaved Human Brain Tasks in Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Chapter 53
Kwangmin Choi, Sun Kim
Understanding the genetic content of a genome is a very important but challenging task. One of the most effective methods to annotate a genome is to... Sample PDF
Comparative Genome Annotation Systems
Chapter 54
Hsuan T. Chang
This chapter introduces various visualization (i.e., graphical representation) schemes of symbolic DNA sequences, which are basically represented by... Sample PDF
DNA Sequence Visualization
Chapter 55
Manjunath Ramachandra Iyer
Speaker authentication has become increasingly important. It goes with the other forms of security checks such as user login and personal... Sample PDF
Differentially Fed Artificial Neural Networks for Speech Signal Prediction
Chapter 56
Brijesh Verma, Rinku Panchal
This chapter presents neural network-based techniques for the classification of micro-calcification patterns in digital mammograms. Artificial... Sample PDF
Neural Networks for the Classification of Benign and Malignant Patters in Digital Mammograms
Chapter 57
Mikhail Prokopenko, Geoff Poulton, Don Price, Peter Wang, Philip Valencia, Nigel Hoschke, Tony Farmer, Mark Hedley, Chris Lewis, Andrew Scott
An approach to the structural health management (SHM) of future aerospace vehicles is presented. Such systems will need to operate robustly and... Sample PDF
Self-Organising Impact Sensing Networks in Robust Aerospace Vehicles
Chapter 58
Cong Tran, Ajith Abraham, Lakhmi Jain
Decision-making is a process of choosing among alternative courses of action for solving complicated problems where multi-criteria objectives are... Sample PDF
Soft Computing Paradigms and Regression Trees in Decision Support Systems
Chapter 59
R. M. Shubair, K. O. AlMidfa, A. Al-Marri, M. Al-Nuaimi
This paper presents a tool for the modelling, analysis and simulation of direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation and adaptive beamforming needed in... Sample PDF
Robust Algorithms for DOA Estimation and Adaptive Beamforming in Wireless Mobile Communications
Chapter 60
Essam Natsheh, Adznan B. Jantan, Sabira Khatun, Shamala Subramaniam
Routing is an important functional aspect in wireless ad hoc networks that handles discovering and maintaining the paths between nodes within a... Sample PDF
Fuzzy Reasoning Approach for Local Connectivity Management in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
Chapter 61
Essam Natsheh, Adznan B. Jantan, Sabira Khatun, Shamala Subramaniam
Mobile ad hoc network is a network without infrastructure where every node has its own protocols and services for powerful cooperation in the... Sample PDF
Intelligent Reasoning Approach for Active Queue Management in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks
Chapter 62
Juan R. Rabunal, Jerónimo Puertas
This chapter proposes an application of two techniques of artificial intelligence in a civil engineering area: the artificial neural networks (ANN)... Sample PDF
Hybrid System with Artificial Neural Networks and Evolutionary Computation in Civil Engineering
Chapter 63
Eduardo D. Martin, Alfonso Araque
Artificial neural networks are a neurobiologically inspired paradigm that emulates the functioning of the brain. They are based on neuronal... Sample PDF
Astrocytes and the Biological Neural Networks
Chapter 64
Pierre Collet, Jean-Philippe Rennard
When looking for a solution, deterministic methods have the enormous advantage that they do find global optima. Unfortunately, they are very CPU... Sample PDF
Stochastic Optimization Algorithms
Chapter 65
Support Vector Machines  (pages 1138-1146)
Mamoun Awad, Latifur Khan
The availability of reliable learning systems is of strategic importance, as many tasks cannot be solved by classical programming techniques... Sample PDF
Support Vector Machines
Chapter 66
Ling Liu, Jianjun Zhang, Wei Han, Calton Pu, James Caverlee, Sungkeun Park, Terence Critchlow, David Buttler, Matthew Coleman
We present a service-oriented architecture and a set of techniques for developing wrapper code generators, including the methodology of designing an... Sample PDF
XWRAPComposer: A Multi-Page Data Extraction Service
Chapter 67
James Kennedy
Particle swarm optimization is a computer paradigm that is based on human social influence and cognition. Candidate problem solutions are randomly... Sample PDF
Particle Swarms: Optimization Based on Sociocognition
Chapter 68
M. Mohammadian
With increased application of fuzzy logic in complex control systems, there is a need for a structured methodological approach in the development of... Sample PDF
Computational Intelligence for Modelling and Control of Multi-Robot Systems
Chapter 69
Tatsuyuki Kawamura, Takahiro Ueoka, Yasuyuki Kono, Masatsugu Kidode
This chapter introduces video data management techniques for computational augmentation of human memory, i.e., augmented memory, on wearable and... Sample PDF
Wearable and Ubiquitous Video Data Management for Computational Augmentation of Human Memory
Chapter 70
Akio Koyama, Leonard Barolli
In this chapter, a campus information providing system (CIPS) for cellular phones is proposed. By using this system, the search time to find the... Sample PDF
Ubiquitous Agent-Based Campus Information Providing System for Cellular Phones
Chapter 71
Ruth Aguilar-Ponce, Ashok Kumar, J. Luis Tecpanecatl-Xihuitl, Magdy Bayoumi, Mark Radle
The aim of this research was to apply an agent approach to wireless sensor network in order to construct a distributed, automated scene... Sample PDF
Automated Object Detection and Tracking for Intelligent Visual Surveillance Based on Sensor Network
Chapter 72
Alaa Abdou, Moh’d Radaideh, John Lewis
Decisions are activities that we face and deal with every day. Decision support systems are used to support and improve decision making. They help... Sample PDF
Decision Support Systems and their Application in Construction
Chapter 73
Andreas Holzinger, Harald Burgsteiner, Helfrid Maresch
In this chapter the authors report about their experiences in education of both students of healthcare engineering at Graz University of Applied... Sample PDF
Care2x in Medical Informatics Education
Chapter 74
Bill Ag. Drougas
Virtual reality is today an excellent tool for a full simulated experience in a modern environment where any researcher or any individual scientist... Sample PDF
virtual Reality simulation in Human Applied Kinetics and Ergo Physiology
Chapter 75
Patrick Grim, Trina Kokalis
A crucial question for artificial cognition systems is what meaning is and how it arises. In pursuit of that question, this paper extends earlier... Sample PDF
Environmental Variability and the Emergence of Meaning: Simulational Studies Across Imitation, Genetic Algorithms, and Neutral Networks
Chapter 76
Mohamed Salah Hamdi
Rapidly evolving network and computer technology, coupled with the exponential growth of the services and information available on the Internet, has... Sample PDF
Extracting and Customizing Information Using Multi-Agents
Chapter 77
Quynh-Nhu Numi Tran, Graham C. Low
This chapter provides a comparison of the 10 agent-oriented software engineering methodologies presented in the preceding chapters. An evaluation... Sample PDF
Comparison of Ten Agent-Oriented Methodologies
Chapter 78
Göknur Kaplan Akilli
Computer games and simulations are considered powerful tools for learning with an untapped potential for formal educational use. However, the lack... Sample PDF
Games and Simulations: A New Approach in Education
Chapter 79
Fahim Akhter, Zakaria Maamar, Dave Hobbs
The purpose of this article is to present an application of fuzzy logic to human reasoning about electronic commerce (e-commerce) transactions. This... Sample PDF
A Fuzzy Logic-Based Approach for Supporting Decision-Making Process in B2C Electronic Commerce Transaction
Chapter 80
Quan Bai, Minjie Zhang
An intelligent agent is a reactive, proactive, autonomous, and social entity. The social ability of an agent is exercised in a multi-agent system... Sample PDF
Coordinating Agent Interactions Under Open Environments
Chapter 81
Amanda J.C. Sharkey, Noel Sharkey
This chapter considers the application of swarm intelligence principles to collective robotics. Our aim is to identify the reasons for the growing... Sample PDF
The Application of Swarm Intelligence to Collective Robots
Chapter 82
Alejandra Rodriguez, Carlos Dafonte, Bernardino Arcay, Iciar Carricajo, Minia Manteiga
This chapter describes a hybrid approach to the unattended classification of low-resolution optical spectra of stars. The classification of stars in... Sample PDF
Cooperative AI Techniques for Stellar Spectra Classification: A Hybrid Strategy
Chapter 83
Bele´n Gonzalez, Ma Isabel Martinez, Diego Carro
This chapter displays an example of application of the ANN in civil engineering. Concretely, it is applied to the prediction of the consistency of... Sample PDF
Prediction of the Consistency of Concrete by Means of the Use of Artificial Neural Networks
Chapter 84
David Parry
Evidence-based medicine (EBM) requires appropriate information to be available to clinicians at the point of care. Electronic sources of information... Sample PDF
Evaluation of a Fuzzy Ontology-Based Medical Information System
Chapter 85
David Camacho
The last decade has shown the e-business community and computer science researchers that there can be serious problems and pitfalls when e-companies... Sample PDF
Applying Information Gathering Techniques in Business-to-Consumer and Web Scenarios
Chapter 86
Anthony Brabazon, Alice Delahunty, Dennis O’Callaghan, Peter Keenan, Michael O’Neill
Recent years have seen a dramatic increase in the application of biologically-inspired algorithms to business problems. Applications of neural... Sample PDF
Financial Classification Using an Artificial Immune System
Chapter 87
Z. M. Ma
Computer-based information technologies have been extensively used to help industries manage their processes and information systems become their... Sample PDF
Engineering Information Modeling in Databases
Chapter 88
Gurdip Singh, Sanjoy Das, Shekhar V. Gosavi, Sandeep Pujar
This chapter introduces ant colony optimization as a method for computing minimum Steiner trees in graphs. Tree computation is achieved when... Sample PDF
Ant Colony Algorithms for Steiner Trees: An Application to Routing in Sensor Networks
Chapter 89
Z.. Ismail, N. H. Ramli, Z.. Ibrahim, T. A. Majid, G. Sundaraj, W. H.W. Badaruzzaman
In this chapter, a study on the effects of transforming wind speed data, from a time series domain into a frequency domain via Fast Fourier... Sample PDF
Design Wind Speeds Using Fast Fourier Transform: A Case Study
Chapter 90
Mary Jane Lenard, Pervaiz Alam
In light of recent reporting of the failures of some of the major publicly-held companies in the U.S. (e.g., Enron & WorldCom), it has become... Sample PDF
Application of Fuzzy Logic to Fraud Detection
Chapter 91
Mauro Mezzina, Giuseppina Uva, Rita Greco, Giuseppe Acciani, Giuseppe Cascella, Girolamo Fornarelli
The chapter deals with the structural assessment of existing constructions, with a particular attention to seismic risk mitigation. Two aspects are... Sample PDF
Structural Assessment of RC Constructions and Fuzzy Expert Systems
Chapter 92
Alexander Riegler
Interdisciplinary research provides in¬spirations and insights into how a variety of disciplines can contribute to the formulation of an alternative... Sample PDF
The Goose, The Fly, and the Submarine Navigator: Interdiscipliarity in Artificial Cognition Research
Chapter 93
Franco Zambonelli, Nicholas R. Jennings, Michael Wooldridge
The multi-agent system paradigm introduces a number of new design/development issues when compared with more traditional approaches to software... Sample PDF
Multi-Agent Systems as Computational Organizations: The Gaia Methodology
Chapter 94
Henrique Lopes Cardoso, Ana Paula Rocha, Euge´nio Oliveira
The multi-agent system (MAS) paradigm has become a prominent approach in distributed artificial intelligence. Many real-world applications of MAS... Sample PDF
Virtual Organization Support through Electronic Institutions and Normative Multi-Agent Systems
Chapter 95
Cao mhi´n O’Nualláin, Adam Westerski, Sebastian Kruk
In this chapter, we look at the research area of discursion and context-aware information as it relates to the user. Much research has been done in... Sample PDF
Discursive Context-Aware Knowledge and Learning Management Systems
Chapter 96
Violeta Damjanovic, Milos Kravcik
The process of training and learning in Web-based and ubiquitous environments brings a new sense of adaptation. With the development of more... Sample PDF
Using Emotional Intelligence in Personalized Adaptation
Chapter 97
Koichi Jurumatani
We propose a social coordination mechanism that is realized with CONSORTS, a new kind of multi-agent architecture for ubiquitous agents. By social... Sample PDF
Social Coordination with Architecture for Ubiquitous Agents-CONSORTS
Chapter 98
Rezaul Begg
Now-a-days, researchers are increasingly looking into new and innovative techniques with the help of information technology to overcome the rapid... Sample PDF
Artificial Intelligence Techniques in Medicine and Health Care
Chapter 99
Bruce Vanstone, Clarence Tan
Soft computing represents that area of computing adapted from the physical sciences. Artificial intelligence (AI) techniques within this realm... Sample PDF
Artificial Neural Networks in Financial Trading
Chapter 100
Krzysztof Juszczyszyn
The World Wide Web (WWW) is a global, ubiquitous, and fundamentally dynamic environment for information exchange and processing. By connecting vast... Sample PDF
Virtual Communities and the Alignment of Web Ontologies
Chapter 101
Clarry Shchiglik, Stuart J. Barnes, Eusebio Scornavacca
The rapid uptake and increased complexity of mobile phones has provided an unprecedented platform for the penetration of mobile services. Among... Sample PDF
Customer Perceptions Toward Mobile Games Delivered via the Wireless Application Protocol
Chapter 102
Fatima Rateb, Bernard Pavard, Narjes Bellamine-BenSaoud, J. J. Merelo, M. G. Arenas
Malaria is a vector-borne disease that greatly affects social and economic development. We adopt the complex system paradigm in our analysis of the... Sample PDF
Modeling Malaria with Multi-Agent Systems
Chapter 103
Auroop R. Ganguly, Amar Gupta, Shiraj Khan
Information by itself is no longer perceived as an asset. Billions of business transactions are recorded in enterprise-scale data warehouses every... Sample PDF
Data Mining and Decision Support for Business and Science
Chapter 104
Kevin E. Voges, Nigel K. Ll. Pope
We present an overview of the literature relating to computational intelligence (also commonly called artificial intelligence) and business... Sample PDF
Computational Intelligence Applications in Business: A Cross-Section of the Field
Chapter 105
Zhao Yang Dong, Tapan Kumar Saha, Kit Po Wong
This chapter introduces advanced techniques such as artificial neural networks, wavelet decomposition, support vector machines, and data-mining... Sample PDF
Artificial Intelligence in Electricity Market Operations and Management
Chapter 106
Risto Rajala, Matti Rossi, Virpi Kristiina Ruunainen, Janne Vihinen
In this chapter, we explore the revenue logics and related product distribution models of mobile game developer companies. Mobile gaming is facing a... Sample PDF
Channel Choices and Revenue Logistics of Software Companies Developing Mobile Games
Chapter 107
Christopher Langdon
This article aims to provide a synopsis of agent-based modeling and how to adapt an agent-based research strategy for the scientific study of... Sample PDF
Agent-Based Modeling for Simulation of Complex Business Systems: Research Design and Validation Strategies
Chapter 108
Victoria Yoon, Barbara Broome, Rahul Singh, Tor Guimaraes
Emerging agent-based systems offer a new means of effectively managing knowledge to address complex decision processes, thereby enabling solutions... Sample PDF
Using Agent Technology for Company Knowledge Management
Chapter 109
Jan Achterbergh, Dirk Vriens
In this chapter, we explore the role of simulation games for intelligence activities. Although games have been used in intelligence activities, the... Sample PDF
It's All in the Game: How to Use Simulation-Games for Competitive Intelligence and How to Support Them by ICT
Chapter 110
Colin G. Johnson
In recent years, the idea that somatic processes are intimately involved in actions traditionally considered to be purely mental has come to the... Sample PDF
Does a Functioning Mind Need a Functioning Body? Some Perspectives from Postclassical Computation
Chapter 111
William F. Clocksin
This chapter explores issues in memory and affect in connection with possible architectures for artificial cognition. Because memory and emotion are... Sample PDF
Memory and Emotion in the Cognitive Architecture
Chapter 112
Ana B. Porto, Alejandro Pazos
This chapter presents a study that incorporates into the connectionist systems new elements that emulate cells of the glial system. More concretely... Sample PDF
Neuroglial Behaviour in Computer Science
Chapter 113
Peter Danielson
Many problems in the ethics of technology arise because our ethical conventions take time to adapt to our technology. Workplace surveillance is a... Sample PDF
Ethics of Workplace Surveillance Games
Chapter 114
Christian Sandor, Gudrun Klinker
Ubiquitous augmented reality (UAR) is an emerging human-computer interaction technology, arising from the convergence of augmented reality and... Sample PDF
Lessons Learned in Designing Ubiquitous Augmented Reality User Interfaces
Chapter 115
Anna Trifonova
This chapter has the aim to point out an important functionality of a ubiquitous mobile system, and more specifically, its application in the... Sample PDF
Accessing Learning Content in a Mobile System: Does Mobile Mean Always Connected?
Chapter 116
Niki Lambropoulos, Martha Christopoulou, Kosmas Vlachos
This chapter presents culture-based language-learning objects (CLLOs) in computer-assisted language learning (CALL), supported by user-centered... Sample PDF
Culture-Based Language Learning ObjectsL A CALL Approach for a Ubiquitous World
Chapter 117
Zhijun Zhang
The advancement of technologies to connect people and objects anywhere has provided many opportunities for enterprises. This chapter will review the... Sample PDF
Leveraging Pervasive and Ubiquitous Service Computing
Chapter 118
Linda Little, Stephen Marsh, Pam Briggs
Ambient intelligence (AmI) and ubiquitous computing allow us to consider a future where computation is embedded into our daily social lives. This... Sample PDF
Trust and Privacy Permissions for an Ambient World
Chapter 119
Gregory Madey, Vincent Freeh, Renee Tynan
In this chapter we summarize the latest results from an ongoing study examining Free/Open Source Software (F/OSS) Development communities as... Sample PDF
Modeling the Free/Open Source Software Community: A Quantitative Investigation
Chapter 120
Sal Humphreys
This chapter considers how the interactive and social nature of massively multiplayer online games (MMOGs) presents challenges to systems of... Sample PDF
You're in My World Now. Ownership and Access in the Proprietary Community of an MMOG
Chapter 121
Russell Gluck, John Fulcher
The chapter commences with an overview of automatic speech recognition (ASR), which covers not only the de facto standard approach of hidden Markov... Sample PDF
Literacy by Way of Automatic Speech Recognition
Chapter 122
Ross A. Lumley
The chapter reviews how the financial markets historically have been affected by new technologies and shows that, time and again, technological... Sample PDF
Financial Markets in the Internet Age
Chapter 123
Elizabeth Fanning
A game mod describes a modification within an existing commercial computer-based game that has been created by a user. By game modding, a user can... Sample PDF
Game Mods: Customizable Learning in a K16 setting
Chapter 124
Mark Neal, Jon Timmis
The field of biologically inspired computing has generated many novel, interesting and useful computational systems. None of these systems alone is... Sample PDF
Once More Unto the Breach: Towards Artificial Homeostasis
Chapter 125
Christiano Leite Castro, Anto^nio Pa´dua Braga
Investment strategies usually aim at achieving maximum profitability what, according to current management theory (Refenes, Burgess, & Bentz, 1997)... Sample PDF
Forecasting the Stock Market with ANNs and Autonomous Agents
Chapter 126
Kostas Karpouzis, Athanasios Drosopoulos, Spiros Ioannou, Amaryllis Raouzaiou, Nicolas Tsapatsoulis, Stefanos Kollias
Emotionally-aware Man-Machine Interaction (MMI) systems are presently at the forefront of interest of the computer vision and artificial... Sample PDF
Facial and Body Feature Extraction for Emotionally-Rich HCI
Chapter 127
Sk. Faruque Ali, Ananth Ramaswamy
The chapter introduces developments in intelligent optimal control systems and their applications in structural engineering. It provides a good... Sample PDF
Developments in Structural Optimization and Applications to Intelligent Structural Vibration Control
Chapter 128
Kostas Karpouzis, Amaryllis Raouzaiou, Athanasios Drosopoulos, Spiros Ioannou, Themis Balomenos, Nicolas Tsapatsoulis, Stefanos Kollias
This chapter presents a holistic approach to emotion modeling and analysis and their applications in Man-Machine Interaction applications. Beginning... Sample PDF
Facial Expression and Gesture Analysis for Emotionally-Rich Man-Machine Interaction
Chapter 129
Ju¨rgen Perl, Peter Dauscher
Behavioural processes like those in sports, motor activities or rehabilitation are often the object of optimization methods. Such processes are... Sample PDF
Dynamic Pattern Recognition in Sport by Means of Artificial Neural Networks
Chapter 130
Nataliya Lamonova, Kimihito Ito, Yuzura Tanaka
This chapter introduces an approach for creating Web application capable of operating in complex environments is introduced. The approach shows how... Sample PDF
From Planning Tools to Intelligent Assistants: Meme Media and Logic Programming Technologies
Chapter 131
Tomasz Muldner, Elhadi Shakshuki
This article presents a novel approach for explaining algorithms that aims to overcome various pedagogical limitations of the current visualization... Sample PDF
Explaining Algorithms: A New Perspective
Chapter 132
David B. Nieborg
The use of digital games for the promotion of goods and services is becoming more popular with the maturing and penetration of the medium. This... Sample PDF
Games and Advertisement: Beyond Banners and Billboards
Chapter 133
Tommi Pelkonen
This chapter analyzes the development trends in a special field within multi-channel e-business, digital games designed for mobile devices. It... Sample PDF
Mobile Games: Emerging Content Business Area
Chapter 134
Virginia Dignum, Hans Weigand
In this chapter, we present a framework for the design of agent societies that considers the influence of social organizational aspects on the... Sample PDF
Toward an Organization-Oriented Design Methodology for Agent Societies
Chapter 135
Penny Baillie, Mark Toleman, Dickson Lukose
Interacting with intelligence in an ever-changing environment calls for exceptional performances from artificial beings. One mechanism explored to... Sample PDF
Engineering Emotionally Intelligent Agents
Chapter 136
Robert E. Smith, Claudia Bonacina
In the multi-agent system (MAS) context, the theories and practices of evolutionary computation (EC) have new implications, particularly with regard... Sample PDF
Evolutionary Computation as a Paradigm for Engineering Emergent Behaviour in Multi-Agent Systems
Chapter 137
Giovanni Acampora, Vincenzo Loia, Michele Nappi, Stefano Ricciardi
Ambient Intelligence gathers best results from three key technologies, Ubiquitous Computing, Ubiquitous Communication, and Intelligent User Friendly... Sample PDF
Human-Based Models for Ambient Intelligence Environments
Chapter 138
Nikos Manouselis, Constantina Costopoulou
Online recommendation services (widely known as recommender systems) can support potential buyers by providing product recommendations that match... Sample PDF
Towards a Design Process for Integrating Product Recommendation Services in E-Markets
Chapter 139
D. Griffith, F. L. Greitzer
The purpose of this article is to re-address the vision of human-computer symbiosis as originally expressed by J.C.R. Licklider nearly a... Sample PDF
Neo-Symbiosis: The Next Stage in the Evolution of Human Information Interaction
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