Frameworks for Aligned Development

Frameworks for Aligned Development

Petter Gottschalk (Norwegian School of Management, Norway) and Hans Solli-Saether (Norwegian School of Management, Norway)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-648-8.ch006
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Abstract

Alignment is the adjustment of an object such as a system, a procedure or a process in relation with other objects so that they work better together. For example, strategic alignment refers to business structure and information technology fit in relation to business strategy and external environment. When alignment is attained, then an organization improves its relative performance as compared to other organizations.
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1. Frameworks For Aligned Development

Alignment is the adjustment of an object such as a system, a procedure or a process in relation with other objects so that they work better together. For example, strategic alignment refers to business structure and information technology fit in relation to business strategy and external environment. When alignment is attained, then an organization improves its relative performance as compared to other organizations.

The concept of alignment was originally based on the fit in the context of organizational psychology and became an important concept in the management literature. The construct of alignment is difficult to develop, due to the ambiguity and complexity of management and organizational alignment. There have been a number of integrated conceptual frameworks in the recent decades attempting to understand and provide insights into the business-IT alignment complexity (e.g., Chan, Huff, Barclay, & Copeland, 1997; Reich & Benbasat, 2000; Sabherwal & Chan, 2001).

In this chapter we present both theoretical-based and practical-based frameworks for aligned development. Researchers have developed for example, integration models, frameworks for modeling of cross-organizational business processes, framework for aligned development of collaborative networks, and a three-level framework for information sharing and cross-organizational process enactment. Governmental information integration initiatives are also described for example the Hong Kong framework, Web-based inter-organizational initiatives in Mexico, UN’s connected governance framework, and electronic voting in Geneva. In this chapter we also take a look at Unified Enterprise Modeling Language (UEML) and Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA).

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Table of Contents
Foreword
Terje Grimstad
Acknowledgment
Chapter 1
Petter Gottschalk, Hans Solli-Saether
Digital government, E-Government, and E-governance: all are terms that have become synonymous with the use of information and communications... Sample PDF
Electronic Government Interoperability
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Chapter 2
Petter Gottschalk, Hans Solli-Saether
To comprehend the value that information technology provides to organizations, we must first understand the way a particular organization conducts... Sample PDF
Value Configurations of Organizations
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Chapter 3
Petter Gottschalk, Hans Solli-Saether
The resource theory of organizations is an influential theoretical framework for understanding how efficiency and effectiveness within organizations... Sample PDF
Resource Theory of Organizations
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Chapter 4
Petter Gottschalk, Hans Solli-Saether
If a region or nation is to make the best use of its information assets and reduce duplication in gathering data, information sharing across the... Sample PDF
Information Resource Integration
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Chapter 5
Petter Gottschalk, Hans Solli-Saether
Improved interoperability between public organizations as well as between public and private organizations is of critical importance to make... Sample PDF
Stages of E-Government Interoperability
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Chapter 6
Petter Gottschalk, Hans Solli-Saether
Alignment is the adjustment of an object such as a system, a procedure or a process in relation with other objects so that they work better... Sample PDF
Frameworks for Aligned Development
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Chapter 7
Petter Gottschalk, Hans Solli-Saether
Developing a strategy for E-Government interoperability is taken to mean thinking strategically and planning for the effective long-term application... Sample PDF
Strategic Planning for Alignment
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Chapter 8
Petter Gottschalk, Hans Solli-Saether
Given the political nature of back-office integration, should cross-organizational back-office integration be seen as a command and control... Sample PDF
Governance Structure for Alignment
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Chapter 9
The Role of the CIO  (pages 190-216)
Petter Gottschalk, Hans Solli-Saether
The CIO can be defined as the highest-ranking IT executive who typically exhibits managerial roles requiring effective communication with top... Sample PDF
The Role of the CIO
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Chapter 10
Petter Gottschalk, Hans Solli-Saether
An investigation is an effective search for material to bring an offender to justice. Knowledge and skills are required to conduct an effective... Sample PDF
The Case of Police Investigations
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Chapter 11
Petter Gottschalk, Hans Solli-Saether
The most challenging of all interoperability issues seems to be related to organizational interoperability. While technical interoperability... Sample PDF
Levels of Organizational Interoperability
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Chapter 12
E-Government Dynamics  (pages 261-276)
Petter Gottschalk, Hans Solli-Saether
It was Sterman’s (2000) book entitled “Business Dynamics: Systems Thinking and Modeling for a Complex World” that introduced the term business... Sample PDF
E-Government Dynamics
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About the Authors