Gender Stratification and E-Science: Can the Internet Circumvent Patrifocality?

Gender Stratification and E-Science: Can the Internet Circumvent Patrifocality?

Antony Palackal (Loyola College of Social Sciences, India), Meredith Anderson (Louisiana State University, USA), B. Paige Miller (Louisiana State University, USA) and Wesley Shrum (Louisiana State University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-717-1.ch012
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Abstract

Can the internet improve the lot of women in the developing world? This study investigates the degree to which the internet affects the constraints on women pursuing scientific careers. We address this question in the context of the scientific community of Kerala, India, developing a “circumvention” argument that fundamentally implicates information and communication technologies in shaping gender roles. We begin by reviewing two main constraints identified in prior research (educational and research localism) that increase the likelihood of restricted professional networks. Next, we examine the extent to which women scientists have gained access to e-science technologies. With evidence of increased access, we argue that the presence of connected computers in the home has increased consciousness of the importance of international contacts. We conclude by proposing that internet connectivity is helping women scientists to circumvent, but not yet undermine, the patrifocal social structure that reduces social capital and impedes career development.

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Table of Contents
Foreword
Tony Hey
Preface
Christine Hine
Acknowledgements
Christine Hine
Chapter 1
Steve Woolgar, Catelijne Coopmans
Despite a substantial unfolding investment in Grid technologies (for the development of cyberinfrastructures or e-science), little is known about... Sample PDF
Virtual Witnessing in a Virtual Age: A Prospectus for Social Studies of E-Science
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Chapter 2
Christine Hine
This chapter examines some of the factors which help to create a momentum for developing new infrastructures for scientific research. Specifically... Sample PDF
Computerization Movements and Scientific Disciplines: The Reflexive Potential of New Technologies
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Chapter 3
Paul Wouters, Anne Beaulieu
This chapter problematizes the relation between the varied modes of knowledge production in the sciences and humanities, and the assumptions... Sample PDF
Imagining E-Science beyond Computation
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Chapter 4
Katie Vann, Geoffrey C. Bowker
The chapter locates the organization of the technology-bearing labor process as an important object of STS/ e-science research. Prospective... Sample PDF
Interest in Production: On the Configuration of Technology-Bearing Labors for Epistemic IT
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Chapter 5
Martina Merz
This chapter introduces the notion of a “disunity of e-science:” It posits that different epistemic cultures privilege different forms of digital... Sample PDF
Embedding Digital Infrastructure in Epistemic Culture
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Chapter 6
Beate Elvebakk
The chapter is based on interviews with a group of university scientists in the Department of Chemistry, University of Oslo. It seeks to lay bare... Sample PDF
Networks of Objects: Practical Preconditions for Electronic Communication
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Chapter 7
Caroline Haythornthwaite, Karen J. Lunsford, Geoffrey C. Bowker, Bertram C. Bruce
As private sector and government research increasingly depends on the use of distributed, interdisciplinary and collaborative teams, particularly in... Sample PDF
Challenges for Research and Practice in Distributed, Interdisciplinary Collaboration
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Chapter 8
Jenny Fry
This chapter speaks to the heterogeneity of research practices in science. It explores how cultural differences within and across disciplines shape... Sample PDF
Coordinatiion and Crontrol of Research Practice across Scientific Fields: Implications for a Differentiatied E-Science
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Chapter 9
Michael Nentwich
This chapter deals with the future of scholarly publications as a key element of the knowledge production process of science and research.... Sample PDF
Cyberinfrastructure for Next Generation Scholarly Publishing
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Chapter 10
Alexandre Caldas
This chapter analyses the web as a complex system of interactions bridging online and offline communities in open science in order to discuss the... Sample PDF
On Web Structure and Digital Knowledge Bases: Online and Offline Connections in Science
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Chapter 11
Franz Barjak
This chapter investigates whether the internet has improved information access for scientists who did not participate fully in the transfer of... Sample PDF
From the "Analogue Divide" to the "Hybrid Divide": The Internet Does Not Ensure Equality of Access to Information in Science
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Chapter 12
Antony Palackal, Meredith Anderson, B. Paige Miller, Wesley Shrum
Can the internet improve the lot of women in the developing world? This study investigates the degree to which the internet affects the constraints... Sample PDF
Gender Stratification and E-Science: Can the Internet Circumvent Patrifocality?
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About the Authors