Geographic Information Systems: How Cognitive Style Impacts Decision-Making Effectiveness
Martin D. Crossland (Oklahoma State University, USA), Richard T. Herschel (St. Joseph’s University, USA), William C. Perkins (Indiana University, USA) and Joseph N. Scudder (Northern Illinois University, USA)
Copyright: © 2002
A laboratory experiment is conducted to investigate how two individual cognitive style factors, field dependence and need-for-cognition, relate to decision-making performance for a spatial task. The intent of the investigation is to establish a methodology for measuring cognitive fit for spatial tasks. The experiment assesses the performance of 142 subjects on a site location task where the problem complexity and availability of a geographic information system are manipulated on two levels. Significant relationships are found for both field dependence and need-for-cognition with the two dependent performance variables, solution time and percent error.