Geographic Information Systems: How Cognitive Style Impacts Decision-Making Effectiveness

Geographic Information Systems: How Cognitive Style Impacts Decision-Making Effectiveness

Martin D. Crossland (Oklahoma State University, USA), Richard T. Herschel (St. Joseph’s University, USA), William C. Perkins (Indiana University, USA) and Joseph N. Scudder (Northern Illinois University, USA)
Copyright: © 2002 |Pages: 17
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-930708-42-6.ch017
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A laboratory experiment is conducted to investigate how two individual cognitive style factors, field dependence and need-for-cognition, relate to decision-making performance for a spatial task. The intent of the investigation is to establish a methodology for measuring cognitive fit for spatial tasks. The experiment assesses the performance of 142 subjects on a site location task where the problem complexity and availability of a geographic information system are manipulated on two levels. Significant relationships are found for both field dependence and need-for-cognition with the two dependent performance variables, solution time and percent error.

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Table of Contents
Chapter 1
Kimberly D. Harris, Joseph F. Donaldson, James D. Campbell
This study investigated predictors of utilization of the computer-based telemedicine in three rural Missouri counties. Participating health care... Sample PDF
Introducing Computer-Based Telemedicine in Three Rural Missouri Counties
Chapter 2
Nathalie Mitev, Sharon Kerkham
Since the National Health Service reforms were introduced, the NHS has moved towards a greater emphasis on accountability and efficiency of... Sample PDF
Case Study of a Patient Data Management System: A Complex Implementation in an Intensive Care Unit
Chapter 3
Francis Lau, Marilynne Hebert
Canada’s Health Informatics Association has been hosting annual conferences since the 1970’s as a way of bringing information systems professionals... Sample PDF
Experiences from Health Information System Implementation Projects Reported in Canada Between 1991 and 1997
Chapter 4
Tara Qavi, Lisa Corley, Steve Kay
This research gauged nursing staff acceptance of a videoconferencing system within a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and identified a set of... Sample PDF
Nursing Staff Requirements for Telemedicine in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
Chapter 5
Stephen L. Chan
This paper presents a physician ordering entry system in the ward (for medication prescriptions) by using scanning and image processing. Important... Sample PDF
End-User Directed Requirements - A Case in Medication Ordering
Chapter 6
Carol Clark
Managers must strive for a healthy and productive working environment for end users. Eliminating or reducing lost work days and improving worker... Sample PDF
VDT Health Hazards: A Guide for End Users and Managers
Chapter 7
Conrad Shayo, Lorne Olfman
The aim of this chapter is to determine what types of formal training methods can provide appropriate “mapping via training” of a new but related... Sample PDF
The Role of Training in Preparing End Users to Learn Related Software Packages
Chapter 8
Brian Lehaney, Steve Clarke, Sarah Spencer-Matthews, Vikki Kimberlee
Information systems (IS) are growing in importance within the tourism industry, where one key application is database marketing. Evidence from the... Sample PDF
The Human Side of Information Systems Development: A Case of an Intervention at a British Visitor Attraction
Chapter 9
Tom Butler, Brian Fitzgerald
While much is known about the general process of user participation in information systems development, its effect on organizational change... Sample PDF
Exploring the Relationship between Institutional Context, User Participation, and Organizational Change in a European Telecommunications Company
Chapter 10
Edgar A. Whitley, Athanasia Pouloudi
This paper explores the ways in which innovative information systems projects take on a life of their own. The paper begins by reviewing some of the... Sample PDF
Studying the Translations of NHSnet
Chapter 11
I. M. Jawahar, B. Elango
Research on the influence of attitudes toward computers and end-user performance has reported inconsistent results. The inconsistent results, at... Sample PDF
Predicting End User Performance
Chapter 12
Crispin R. Coombs, Neil F. Doherty, John Loan-Clarke
The factors that influence the ultimate level of success or failure of systems development projects have received considerable attention in the... Sample PDF
The Role of User Ownership and Positive User Attitudes in the Successful Adoption of Information Systems within NHS Community Trusts
Chapter 13
Claudia Orr, David Allen, Sandra Poindexter
Computer competency is no longer a skill to be learned only by students majoring in technology-related fields. All individuals in our society must... Sample PDF
The Effect of Individual Differences on Computer Attitudes
Chapter 14
Stu Westin
It would be difficult to find a veteran end user who is unwilling to share at least one “war story” concerning a computer virus. Viruses are, and... Sample PDF
Computer Viruses: Winnowing Fact from Fiction
Chapter 15
Roger McHaney, Timothy Paul Cronan
When corporate difficulties arise, technology and new software development are often embraced as part of the solution. The modern manager has a wide... Sample PDF
Success Surrogates in Representational Decision Support Systems
Chapter 16
Louis A. Le Blanc, Conway T. Rucks, W. Scott Murray
A decision support system (DSS) was constructed to assist the academic advising staff of a college of business. The microcomputer-based system... Sample PDF
A Decision Support System for Prescriptive Academic Advising
Chapter 17
Martin D. Crossland, Richard T. Herschel, William C. Perkins, Joseph N. Scudder
A laboratory experiment is conducted to investigate how two individual cognitive style factors, field dependence and need-for-cognition, relate to... Sample PDF
Geographic Information Systems: How Cognitive Style Impacts Decision-Making Effectiveness
Chapter 18
D. Sandy Staples
Information technology (IT) is enabling the creation of virtual organizations and remote work practices. As this practice of employees working... Sample PDF
Are Remote and Non-Remote Workers Different? Exploring the Impact of Trust, Work Experience and Connectivity on Performance Outcomes
Chapter 19
R. Wayne Headrick, George W. Morgan
Information systems, like any other production-oriented system, have as their goal the transformation of raw materials (data) into finished goods... Sample PDF
Measuring the Impact of Information Systems on Organizational Behavior
Chapter 20
Mo Adam Mahmood, Gary L. Sullivan, Ray-Lin Tung
Stimulated by recent high-profile incidents, concerns about business ethics have increased over the last decade. In response, research has focused... Sample PDF
A New Approach to Evaluating Business Ethics: An Artificial Neural Networks Application
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