The Geography of Health Risks

The Geography of Health Risks

Andrew Curtis (Louisiana State University, USA) and Michael Leitner (Louisiana State University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-756-0.ch004
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Abstract

This book has so far provided an introduction to GIS in terms of its use as part of a community health program. Subsequent chapters will describe a selection of more detailed GIS techniques and approaches. This chapter can be considered as an interlude, an attempt to set the scene by painting a backcloth of risks facing many city neighborhoods and the pregnant women living in them. Of course, at the risk of repeating oneself, there have been whole books written about single risk factors, so the task of compressing all risks into a single chapter is extremely difficult. This is made even harder because many of the situations described are not directly related to pregnancy outcomes, but instead are classed as neighborhood risks, contributing to the overall vulnerability of a person living in these environments. Although some may question why not concentrate solely on pregnancy-related risks, a more holistic understanding of the social environment can help place context into data, a movement away from the earlier criticized “structural functionalism” approach (Litva & Eyles, 1995). At this point it might be worth briefly mentioning that debate continues within the field of medical geography as to the degree in which pure analytical approaches ignore the social relevance of actions (a political economy approach), or how an individual’s experience shapes his or her actions (Dorn & Laws, 1994). For a review of these critical literatures in association with infant mortality see Gesler, Bird, and Oljeski, (1997).

Complete Chapter List

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Dedication
Table of Contents
Acknowledgments
Chapter 1
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
During a seminar presentation to the Geography and Anthropology Faculty at Louisiana State University, a series of summary statistics were presented... Sample PDF
Explaining the Geography of Infant Health
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Chapter 2
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
One of the purposes of this book is to introduce community health groups to the potential of GIS, a technology that can help in understanding the... Sample PDF
An Introduction to GIS (All Things Data)
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Chapter 3
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
The last chapter provided an introduction to two of the key components in a GIS: getting the data in, and then manipulating them to answer... Sample PDF
An Introduction to GIS (All Things Spatial)
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Chapter 4
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
This book has so far provided an introduction to GIS in terms of its use as part of a community health program. Subsequent chapters will describe a... Sample PDF
The Geography of Health Risks
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Chapter 5
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
n the opening chapters, GIS was broken into four general components, one of which was the spatial analysis of data. This is probably the least... Sample PDF
GIS and Spatial Analysis: Keeping It Simple
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Chapter 6
Advanced Spatial Analysis  (pages 174-202)
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
The last chapter presented several ideas of how to perform relatively simple forms of spatial analysis. Many of these approaches, though insightful... Sample PDF
Advanced Spatial Analysis
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Chapter 7
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
Four years have been spent analyzing infant health data for Baton Rouge. As with working with any dataset, one gets a feel for the data. One such... Sample PDF
Spatial/Temporal Stability in Neighborhoods of Risk: The Mobility of Mothers
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Chapter 8
Patient Confidentiality  (pages 224-244)
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
Different governmental agencies have long stored information in restricted-access databases. The advent of online data entry and analysis, and... Sample PDF
Patient Confidentiality
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Chapter 9
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
I recently gave a presentation to an Introduction to Gender and Minority Studies class at Louisiana State University. This was an interesting... Sample PDF
Creating the Baton Rouge Healthy Start GIS
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Chapter 10
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
By the title you might think this chapter is a departure from the general theme of this book. I beg your indulgence as I plead my case, because... Sample PDF
Bioterrorism, Pregnancy, and Old White Men
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Chapter 11
Jackie Mills
The previous chapters have provided a background in factors related to infant and maternal health and the various ways these individual and... Sample PDF
Rural Health Issues and Their Investigation in a GIS Environment
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About the Authors