Going Beyond the Bibliographic Catalog: The Basis for a New Participatory Scientific Information Discovery and Sharing Model

Going Beyond the Bibliographic Catalog: The Basis for a New Participatory Scientific Information Discovery and Sharing Model

Filipe Manuel dos Santos Bento (University of Aveiro, Portugal) and Lídia de Jesus Oliveira L. da Silva (University of Aveiro, Portugal)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-1912-8.ch001
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This chapter exposes some core concepts for an innovative bibliographic information search system model, where not only the document is the point of reference, but to a new extent, the user himself and all his surroundings. Taken as central point is the bibliographic collection of the Library and the “ecosystem” of users and their use of the same, added with, to the extent where it is feasible, information from other sources.
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Despite carrying out several activities with Web 2.0-related tools for quite some time now (such as implementing RSS feeds in some of the their more dynamic services), recently, Libraries became aware of social media’s power as open channels for information dissemination and training, but also for gathering their users’ feedback. In fact, most of them are placing a strong bet in Web 2.0 related services, of presence near their users, allowing them to reach them wherever they are. Ensuring systematic and ongoing updates, this presence is intended to, among other objectives, promote in an agile and simple manner, the activities of the Library and related news, giving visibility to its action in academia, but also to promote and enhance resources available to their users, as well as generate a participatory dynamic and a shared production of contents.

Nevertheless, Libraries should not stop here; in fact, they should not take it up only a notch, but rather a lot higher. Complementing this ongoing bet, they should provide the university and its users with an integrated system, contextualized to the community it serves, implementing participatory and information sharing features, creating and maintaining communities. By providing a complete framework, tools and features users treasure in popular external services or by implementing mechanisms of aggregation of such socially generated information in such services, this system should aim at preventing information produced by users to be disperse across those services (as currently is), most of it not possible to be integrated, connected or aggregated (and thus becoming virtually invisible to other community members), with no guarantee of future preservation.

In fact, implementing such a system can target a double contribution: first, to systematize and preserve cultural and scholarly production of faculty members; secondly, to make this memory accessible, so that it may enrich the present work, generating a conservation and dissemination effect which contributes to the collective intelligence and social cognition, not only within the local community but also to external ones. This new model of search, discovery, and information sharing aims at integrating Library’s collections indexed in its Catalog, as well as to aggregate content from external sources and contributions of its users. This is where the OPAC comes along; given the main features advanced for such system; it is quite natural that the OPAC should be given the central role, in a new vision for the Bibliographic Catalog, an OPAC 2.0 / NGC (Next Generation Catalog), aggregator at a content level, explorer of users’ actions, gathering and valuing their contributions.

This new Catalog concept redefines the traditional Bibliographical Catalog of materials and contents accessible in the Library or acquired for consultation in the Campus, extending its span to all the resources that the users have at their disposal, either local or accessible remotely, with printed manifestations or in digital format, acquired or in free access. Since it is “2.0” by nature, it brings to the paradigm of information resources what it was always verified in the remaining portion of the academia: in an initial phase, the students benefit from all of the accumulated knowledge of the institution and in a more advanced phase they contribute to this pool, with their projects and research. Thus, the users in the paradigm of Catalog 2.0 benefit not only from the base value of the resource itself, but also from all the information added by previous users, either in an active manner (adding tags, commentaries, recommending related resources, etc.), or in a passive manner (from loan activities or from consults or resources’ downloads). In addition, as in a mechanism that is alive, the indexed resources gain value from the usage given by these new actors. Catalog 2.0 breaches with the classic Bibliographical Catalog concept, a mere database of the set of resources, mostly monographs in bookshelves, with usage at all similar to the one made by the users with these resources, that is, not adding value in any way to them. Instead, Catalog 2.0 stimulates the users to underline book passages and take notes, only with the difference that, instead of making it directly in the book, they are encouraged to do it in a digital platform (Catalog), in proper fields associated to the resource record.

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Table of Contents
Jesús Tramullas
Chapter 1
Filipe Manuel dos Santos Bento, Lídia de Jesus Oliveira L. da Silva
This chapter exposes some core concepts for an innovative bibliographic information search system model, where not only the document is the point of... Sample PDF
Going Beyond the Bibliographic Catalog: The Basis for a New Participatory Scientific Information Discovery and Sharing Model
Chapter 2
Jesse Prabawa Gozali, Min-Yen Kan
The authors redesign the user interface of an online library catalog, leveraging current Web technologies that allow dynamic and fine-grained user... Sample PDF
Rich and Dynamic Library Catalogs: A Case Study of Online Search Interfaces
Chapter 3
Myung-Ja Han, Christine Cho
Libraries have been trying hard to produce and aggregate resources in both print and digital formats, which need to be integrated into the library... Sample PDF
XML in Library Cataloging Workflows: Working with Diverse Sources and Metadata Standards
Chapter 4
Demian Katz, Andrew Nagy
Apache Solr, an open source Java-based search engine, forms the core of many Library 2.0 products. The use of an index in place of a relational... Sample PDF
VuFind: Solr Power in the Library
Chapter 5
Birong Ho
With new Web tools, information can be released to flow in every direction (library to user, user to library, library to library, and user to user).... Sample PDF
Does VuFind Meet the Needs of Web 2.0 Users?: A Year After
Chapter 6
Elsa Barber, Silvia Pisano, Sandra Romagnoli, Verónica Parsiale, Gabriela de Pedro, Carolina Gregui, Nancy Blanco
This chapter studies user interfaces of Web Online Public Access Catalogs (OPACs) and presents their principal difficulties in facing the... Sample PDF
Quantitative Approach Applied to User Interface of Latin American Web OPACs
Chapter 7
Jesús Tramullas, Piedad Garrido
The use of OPACs has been one of the problems that users of libraries have faced. The application of Web 2.0 techniques in OPACs has favored the... Sample PDF
Intelligent Personal Agents in Library 2.0 Environments: An Assistant Prototype
Chapter 8
Jorge Serrano-Cobos, Alicia Sellés, Nuria Lloret
Therefore, the authors study some useful clues to understand the need to integrate these tools beyond visual consistency by offering each other the... Sample PDF
Library Analytics on the Web 2.0 Era: Technology Integration Needs and Indicators to Monitor “User Awareness” with Web Analytics Techniques
Chapter 9
Elena Corradini, Mario Pérez-Montoro
In this chapter, the authors review current literature on personal information management to analyze how it is understood with the aim of reviewing... Sample PDF
Library 2.0 and Personal Information Management: A Way Forward using Social Networks
Chapter 10
Lara Skelly, Jen Eidelman, Peter Underwood
In response to two different pedagogical challenges, namely delivering varied library instruction to a big first year class and delivering a focused... Sample PDF
Web 2.0 Technology as a Teaching Tool
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