Higher Education Culture and the Diffusion of Technology in Classroom Instruction

Higher Education Culture and the Diffusion of Technology in Classroom Instruction

Kandis M. Smith (University of Missouri, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-878289-74-2.ch012
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Abstract

The diffusion of an innovation takes, on an average, 25 years in an educational setting. Many factors contribute to this slow acceptance rate. Rogers’ (1995) theory on the diffusion of innovation and the influence of culture on such diffusion is used to shed light on the causes for this slow diffusion. While not a full explanation of this slow rate of change, this case study shows that the academic culture, within which faculty function, has a strong influence on the diffusion of the use of technology in classroom instruction. This case study provides a point of reference for further study of diffusion of technology in classroom instruction. This case focuses on a Research I institution in the Midwest that has made a number of commitments to the integration of technology into the curriculum and has channeled many resources into this campaign. While the institution has invested large sums of money in the development of the infrastructure, the rate at which faculty have adopted the use of technology in their teaching has remained low. In order to determine the perceptions of faculty and develop some framework for understanding why the infusion of technology into classroom instruction was so low, faculty members on the campus were interviewed, focus groups were conducted, and meetings between faculty and administrators concerning technology issues were observed. Because additional issues exist with distance education, the scope of this case study research was limited to on-campus classroom instruction and support.

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Table of Contents
Preface
Lisa A. Petrides
Chapter 1
James I. Penrod, Ann F. Harbor
Higher education is changing. Driven by the need to increase productivity, quality, and access while meeting the challenges of competition... Sample PDF
Designing and Implementing a Learning Organization-Oriented Information Technology Planning and Management Process
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Chapter 2
James H. Ryan, Gary E. Miller
Pennsylvania State University’s World Campus© enrolled its first students in January 1998. The World Campus is one of several “virtual campus”... Sample PDF
Penn State's World Campus©: A Mainstreaming Virtual Campus Initiative
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Chapter 3
Richard Smith, Brian Lewis, Christine Massey
Universities, among the oldest social institutions, are facing enormous pressures to change. There have always been debates about the university... Sample PDF
Policy Processes for Technological Change
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Chapter 4
Gunapala Edirisooriya
Society has entered a new information age and higher education administration remains far behind its counterparts in the business sector.... Sample PDF
Information Management in Higher Education Administration: A Slow Drive on the Information Superhighway
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Chapter 5
Ali Jafari
Distance learning is no longer a conceptual discussion, a buzzword, or a show-and-tell demonstration in a computer trade show. It is a... Sample PDF
Development of a New University-Wide Course Management System
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Chapter 6
Mark Lowry Decker, Morrie Schulman, Christopher Blandy
For the past 10 years, the University of Texas at Austin has pursued the goal of integrating information technology into instruction. Through the... Sample PDF
The Selection and Implementation of a Web Course Tool at the University of Texas at Austin
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Chapter 7
Sheryl Burgstahler
Internet-based instruction promises to make learning accessible to almost everyone, everywhere, at any time. Internet use, however, raises a number... Sample PDF
Access to Internet-Based Instruction for People with Disabilities
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Chapter 8
Dubravka Cecez-Kocmanovic, Andy Busuttil
Communication in the workplace has been revolutionized by workers having individual access to networked computers. Computer-Mediated Communication... Sample PDF
Social Impacts of Computer-Mediated Communication on Strategic Change Processes
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Chapter 9
Andreea M. Serban, Gregory A. Malone
Traditionally, administrative computing has been the main, or often only, unit in a campus developing and maintaining the basic operating systems of... Sample PDF
Implementing Relational Database Systems: Implications for Administrative Cultures and Information Resource Management
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Chapter 10
Lisa A. Petrides, Sharon Khanuja-Dhall, Pablo Reguerin
Developing, sharing, and working with information in today’s environment is not an easy task. With today’s technological advancements, the... Sample PDF
The Politics of Information Management
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Chapter 11
Scott R. Sechrist, Dorothy E. Finnegan
One of the more often cited objectives found in university and college mission statements is the goal of promoting future good citizenship among... Sample PDF
Risks and Rewards: Good Citizenship and Technologically Proficient Faculty
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Chapter 12
Kandis M. Smith
The diffusion of an innovation takes, on an average, 25 years in an educational setting. Many factors contribute to this slow acceptance rate.... Sample PDF
Higher Education Culture and the Diffusion of Technology in Classroom Instruction
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Chapter 13
Robert Heckman, Dave Maswick, Jamie Rodgers, Kevin Ruthen, Gary Wee
In both corporate and academic organizations, collaborative work is frequently accomplished and managed in small work groups. These can take either... Sample PDF
The Impact of Information Technology on Roles and Role Processes in Small Groups
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Chapter 14
Rosalind Latiner Raby, Joyce P. Kaufman
This chapter presents a case study of the International Negotiation Modules Project (INMP). The INMP utilized computer-assisted simulation is a tool... Sample PDF
The International Negotiation Modules Project: Using Computer-Assisted Simulation to Enhance Teaching and Learning Strategies in the Community College
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Chapter 15
Robert S. Stephenson
The rise of the Internet has started a knowledge revolution whose extent can only be guessed at. The last revolution of this magnitude, brought on... Sample PDF
The Harvey Project: Open Course Development and Rich Content
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Chapter 16
Jan K. Hart
The goal of health care education at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) is a good nurse, doctor, pharmacist, or allied health... Sample PDF
The Role of Computers and Technology in Health care Education
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Chapter 17
Zane L. Berge
Just as the agricultural era gave way to an industrial society at the turn of the 20th century, an information society is now emerging as we move... Sample PDF
Why Not Reengineer Traditional Higher Education?
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Chapter 18
Bizhan Nasseh
Nothing in the history of humankind has permeated every aspect of life and culture as deeply and as rapidly as have the computer technology and the... Sample PDF
Forces of Change: The Emergence of a Knowledge Society and New Generations of Learners
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Chapter 19
Siva Kumari
The introduction of new information technologies has created a turbulent environment for change in higher education; this has caused institutions... Sample PDF
Adopting Information Technologies for Instructional Environments
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Chapter 20
Dan Lim
Many people in higher education wonder where the rapid changes in information technology are going to take them. Many more fear that the ongoing... Sample PDF
Fostering a Technology Cultural Change: The Changing Paradigms at the University of Minnesota Crookston
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About the Authors