This chapter considers how information and communication technology (ICT) can be used to achieve educational value in schools, and encourages teachers to focus on approaches that promote higher-order thinking. It examines the reasons for use of ICT in schools, and argues that clarity of thinking is needed in the face of popular beliefs about ICT. While highlighting the ways that ICT can contribute to important learning objectives, the chapter stresses that many uses of ICT may have little educational value. It argues that the real value of ICT in schools is in enabling more challenging learning activities that develop higher-order thinking, and offers a simple diagram that teachers can use to evaluate their use of ICT. Various ways in which basic technology can be used to promote higher-order thinking are explored. Finally, the chapter considers the factors within a school that are likely to encourage and sustain worthwhile uses of ICT.