Why Implement Very Large IT Projects

Why Implement Very Large IT Projects

Matthew Guah (Erasmus School of Economics, The Netherlands)
Copyright: © 2009 |Pages: 16
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-546-7.ch003
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Abstract

The basis upon which the objectives and policies for managing a VLITP are formulated is the need to achieve the project objectives on time and under budget. However, benefits for investing in the underpinning activities may not be sufficient to ensure long-term viability for the host organization. This chapter gives a detailed explanation of why very large IT projects are implemented costing the host organization billions of dollars. It also breaks down the management process of VLITPs, giving clarity to procedure and policies.
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Project Conception

Before beginning a VLITP the following goals should be achieve as part of the initial decision to go ahead with the planning stages:

  • Obtain top management support for the estimation process often based on an experiential-analogy approach, in order to obtain better adherence of estimated efforts against the actual ones.

  • Ensure the necessary skills are available to in order to satisfy the needs of specific aspects of the VLITP, which will in turn improve the quality ranking in the eyes of customers.

  • The introduction of standardized and objective techniques, supporting sub-projects by size as the main input for the subsequent effort towards the project estimation process.

  • The introduction of a relationship, across different phases of the project, between different techniques.

  • The setting up of projects’ historical database and ensuring that shared and access are made available to people making initial preparations for the projects.

A VLITP is a collection of logical stages that maps the life of a project from the beginning to the end (see Figure 1). This logic is used to define, build and deliver the final outcome of the VLITP. Each stage should provide one or more deliverables, which are needed to move on to the next stage of the project. Deliverables—usually tangible and verifiable outcomes of work that serve to define the work and resources that are needed for each stage—are means of the host organizations evaluating the progress of the project and determining the need to take action to correct errors or mistakes (Cleland, 1990). Figure 1 also demonstrates how VLITPs are broken into various stages to make the project more manageable and reduce the risks that are involved with the project. It also provides a better insight on the risks that are involved during the project. Each stage should start when the previous stage ends. Overlapping stages quite often lead to higher risk and should only be done when the risks are acceptable for all the stakeholders involved in the project. At the end of each stage there should be a review of the essential deliverables for that stage.

Figure 1.

Generic project life cycle

Complete Chapter List

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Table of Contents
Foreword
Leslie Willcocks
Acknowledgment
Chapter 1
Matthew Guah
This chapter classifies the purpose of project management in IT projects as a means of introducing the topics covered in the book and demonstrates... Sample PDF
Introduction to Very Large IT Projects
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Chapter 2
Matthew Guah
By examining the history of what was earlier considered project management, this chapter not only points out lessons from past practices but also... Sample PDF
The Field of Project Management
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Chapter 3
Matthew Guah
The basis upon which the objectives and policies for managing a VLITP are formulated is the need to achieve the project objectives on time and under... Sample PDF
Why Implement Very Large IT Projects
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Chapter 4
Matthew Guah
Different VLITP methodologies are capable of solving various types of problems during a project life cycle. This chapter shows that effect of VLITP... Sample PDF
Methodologies for Implementing VLITPs
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Chapter 5
IT Governance  (pages 69-83)
Matthew Guah
VLITP managers face unprecedented expectations for their governance. These expectations are driven by mandates and other demands from host... Sample PDF
IT Governance
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Chapter 6
IT Security  (pages 84-95)
Matthew Guah
One area that has scarcely received attention in the IT security literature, is the role that individual compliance plays in preventing... Sample PDF
IT Security
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Chapter 7
Matthew Guah
The study of diffusion, adoption, and IT project implementation in popular literature relies on theories which do not address the question of why... Sample PDF
Human Resource Issues in VLITP
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Chapter 8
Matthew Guah
Medical accidents, such as those that occur as a consequence of errors in medical systems, rarely happen because of a single failure. They are... Sample PDF
Ergonomics of Very Large IT Projects
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Chapter 9
Matthew Guah
For centuries, organizations have been trying to exchange information between their applications by linking them together. However, such application... Sample PDF
Service-Oriented Architecture: A New Platform for Very Large IT Projects
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Chapter 10
Matthew Guah
The chapter seeks to advance the practice perspective of VLITP by drawing attention to individual, collective sub-teams and host organizational... Sample PDF
Business Process Management
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Chapter 11
Matthew Guah
VLITP escalation has been documented to be a widespread phenomenon in the 21st century. Nearly every research in this area has portrayed escalation... Sample PDF
Outsourcing and Escalation Issues in VLITPs
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Chapter 12
Matthew Guah
The traditional way to achieve the automatic execution of project management processes is to develop or purchase an application that executes the... Sample PDF
VLITP Management Framework
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Chapter 13
Matthew Guah
The National Programme for Information Technology is the largest civil IT program worldwide at an estimated cost of £6.2 bn, US$ 10 billion, over a... Sample PDF
Case Study I: National Program for IT
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Chapter 14
Matthew Guah
VLITP can shift the direction of organizations by introducing new systems and emerging technologies that can serve as a trigger for change to the... Sample PDF
Case Study II: RFID—A Technology for Enterprise Systems in the Airlines Industry
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Chapter 15
Matthew Guah
Prediction markets have proven high forecasting performance in many areas such as politics, sports, and business-related fields, compared to... Sample PDF
Case Study III: VLITP in Public Transport— Implementing OV-Chipcard in The Netherlands
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