The Implementation of Electronic Network Systems in Japanese Firms

The Implementation of Electronic Network Systems in Japanese Firms

Toshio Mitsufuji (Siebold University of Nagasaki, Japan)
Copyright: © 2002 |Pages: 11
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-931777-16-2.ch020
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Abstract

This study aims at investigating the implementation process of electronic network systems in Japanese large firms, focusing on the innovativeness among industries to which firms belong. The electronic network systems such as Local Area Network (LAN) have spread rapidly during last several years. Accordingly, many firms in Japan have introduced them in their organizations. After the advent of the computer invention, computer and telecommunications technologies have merged into information technology, making a remarkable progress constantly for several decades. The electronic network systems are a kind of information technology, going back to 1950s when data communications systems were first developed. In the beginning were these systems managed by professional people. However, due to the rapid progress of the information technology, even untrained people who have no specific knowledge about IT or do not belong to the IT section have been able to use the electronic network systems in business organizations since the late 1980s. In addition, especially with the appearance of multimedia systems and the expansion of the usage of Internet, many organizations have begun introducing electronic network systems since 1990s. For this study, we sent questionnaires in 1996 to Japanese large firms in which they employed more than 1000 people. Based on the results and the interviews made in connection with this research work, we analyze first the state of the introduction of the electronic network systems, focusing on the innovativeness of firms. Next, we examine why the electronic network systems have come into wide use among Japanese large firms.

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Table of Contents
Foreword
Jerzy Kisielnicki
Chapter 1
Janice M. Burn, Colin Ash
Much has been written about the virtual organisation and the impact this will have on organisational forms, processes and tasks for the 21st... Sample PDF
Knowledge Management Strategies for Virtual Organizations
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Chapter 2
Ulrich J. Franke
The organizational concept of virtual Web organizations encompasses three organizational elements, namely the relatively stable virtual Web platform... Sample PDF
The Competence-Based View on the Management of Virtual Web Organizations
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Chapter 3
Wendy Jansen, Hans P.M. Jagers, Wilchard Steenbakkers
Virtual corporations are seen as new organisational forms to ensure knowledge sharing and innovation. In this chapter the reason for the... Sample PDF
The Virtual Corporation and Trust: Balancing Between Identity and Innovation
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Chapter 4
Vanessa Dirksen, Bas Smit
A great deal of the literature on virtual communities evolves around classifying the phenomenon1 while much empirically constructive work on the... Sample PDF
Exploring the Common Ground of Virtual Communities: Working Towards a 'Workable Definition'
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Chapter 5
Andrew Gaudes, Mary Brabston
The transactional and relational components of virtual organizing are evaluated and compared against the transactional and relational... Sample PDF
Virtual Transactional and Relational Exchanges: The Enabling Effects of Information Technology
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Chapter 6
Jo Hanisch
There has been growing interest in virtual teams, and more specifically in virtual software development. Requirements engineering, which is seen as... Sample PDF
Requirements Engineering During Virtual Software Development: Towards Balance
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Chapter 7
Jerzy Kisielnicki
The theory that enterprise has been developing along with the development of Information Technology and, especially thanks to the possibilities... Sample PDF
Virtual Organization as a Chance for Enterprise Development
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Chapter 8
Catherin Ridings, David Gefen
This empirical study applies an existing scale to measure trust in the context of virtual communities on the Internet, and explores factors that... Sample PDF
The Development of Trust in Virtual Communities
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Chapter 9
Jonathan Lazar, Doris Lidtke
Service-learning partnerships involve students taking part in community service that relates to their academic course experience. Students who major... Sample PDF
Opportunities for Service-Learning Partnerships in the Information Systems Curriculum
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Chapter 10
Gregory B. Newby
Libraries have made significant investments in computer-based resources, training and services. However, such investments need to be protected from... Sample PDF
Information Security for Libraries
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Chapter 11
M. Asim Qayyum, Gerry Oxford, Sungin Lee, Laryssa Tyson, Chun Wei Choo
Knowledge repositories are increasingly being viewed as a special form of knowledge management (KM) in organizational memory information systems... Sample PDF
Faculty of Information Studies Knowledge Repository (FISKR)
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Chapter 12
Jennifer Croud, Michael Manning, Janine Schmidt
Today hybrid libraries extend beyond physical walls. Librarians organise and facilitate access to information whether it is from print collections... Sample PDF
From Lackey to Leader: The Evolution of the Librarian in the Age of the Internet
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Chapter 13
Ray White, S. P. Maj
Libraries must increasingly compete as providers of information. Most, if not all, libraries now have a Web page that serves a variety of functions.... Sample PDF
Library Web Site Assessment
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Chapter 14
Richard A. Halapin
The World Wide Web has exhibited the most explosive growth of any technology ever invented. Two events occurring in the 1992-93 period provided the... Sample PDF
The World Wide Web and Law Enforcement
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Chapter 15
Richard Heeks
Government data has a value to citizens. That value may be economic – helping citizens improve their employment or income-generation potential – or... Sample PDF
Citizen Access and Use of Government Data: Understanding the Barriers
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Chapter 16
Richard Potger, Graham Pervan
The concept of Information Resource Management (IRM) was introduced in the mid-1970’s by the United States federal government as part of its attempt... Sample PDF
The Practice of Information Resource Management in Australian Government Organisations
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Chapter 17
K. Pelly Periasamy
Business Process Reengineering (BPR) has been hailed as a cure for many of the woes in today’s organizations. Many organizations have embarked on... Sample PDF
Business Process Reengineering is not just for Businesses but is also for Governments: Lessons from Singapore's Reengineering Experience
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Chapter 18
Girija Krishnaswamy
Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) refers to transportation systems which apply emerging hard and soft information systems technologies to enhance... Sample PDF
Intelligent Transport Systems for Electronic Commerce - A Preliminary Discussion in the Australian Context
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Chapter 19
Steven K. Wyman, Verne McFarland
In 1994, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Superfund Program began to develop a paper imaging system known as the Superfund Document... Sample PDF
Digitization as Adaptation: The Evolution of the Superfund Document Management System
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Chapter 20
Toshio Mitsufuji
This study aims at investigating the implementation process of electronic network systems in Japanese large firms, focusing on the innovativeness... Sample PDF
The Implementation of Electronic Network Systems in Japanese Firms
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Chapter 21
Predrag Sidjanin, Waltraud Gerhardt
In this chapter, the main idea about a design tool and its object database system will be described. The design tool should improve design practice... Sample PDF
Outline of a Design Tool for Analysis and Visual Quality Control of Urban Environments
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Chapter 22
David Tucker, Pascale de Berranger
Small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) make a substantial contribution to the economic and social wellbeing of many national economies.... Sample PDF
Nurturing Trust and Reactive Training: Essential Elements in ICT Diffusion Projects
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Chapter 23
Hans-Knud Arndt, Mario Christ, Oliver Gunther
Metadata in environmental management systems support searching and browsing operations. XML-based metadata systems can store metadata in a flexible... Sample PDF
EMS Records and Information Management of Environmental Aspects and Their Associated Impacts with Metadata
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Chapter 24
Ashok Chandrashekar, Philip Schary
The virtual Web-based supply chain is emerging as a new form of industrial organization. This paper discusses the concept as a juncture of three... Sample PDF
The Virtual Web-Based Supply Chain
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