Adaptive (Individualized) Web-based instruction provides mechanisms to individualize instruction for learners based on their individual needs. This chapter will discuss adaptive Web-based instruction, paying particular attention to (a) the implications of individual differences to Web-based instruction, (b) the adaptive methods that are available to designers and developers, and (c) the considerations for instruction design and development with adaptive Web-based instruction. The primary purpose of this chapter is to provide a framework to shape the development of future individualized Web-based instruction.
Key Terms in this Chapter
Adaptive Learner Control: Adaptive learner control gives each learner the option to decide the system adaptation level and adaptive methods individually or cooperatively.
Adaptive Content: Adaptive content means adjusting the organization, format, or amount of content based on learner’s goals, prior knowledge, and other personal information stored in the learner model.
Adaptive (Individualized) Web-Based Learning Environment: Adaptive Web-based learning environment provides mechanisms to individualize instruction (e.g., content, strategies, assessment) for learners based on their individual needs and preferences in the online environment.
Adaptive Navigation: Adaptive navigation supports learner orientation in the online environment by changing the appearance and structure of navigations.
Adaptive Social Context: Adaptive social context means maintaining interest or user appeal by providing an adjusted social context and activities.
Adaptive Assessment: Adaptive assessment offers different types of assessment procedures and grading options that provide learners with exposure to different types of learning tasks and problems.
Adaptive Interface: Adaptive interface is changing the visual interface of the Web pages according to individual preferences such as color, font style, font size, and scrolling.
Adaptive Collaboration: Adaptive collaboration means using system knowledge about different users to form collaboration groups.
Adaptive Instruction: Adaptive instruction means creating a learning environment and finding instructional approaches and techniques that conform to meet students’ individual needs.