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Information and Communication Technologies: Current Developments

Copyright © 2006. 47 pages.
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DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-010-3.ch006|
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MLA

Cunha, Maria Manuela and Goran D. Putnik. "Information and Communication Technologies: Current Developments." Agile Virtual Enterprises: Implementation and Management Support. IGI Global, 2006. 143-189. Web. 19 Dec. 2014. doi:10.4018/978-1-59904-010-3.ch006

APA

Cunha, M. M., & Putnik, G. D. (2006). Information and Communication Technologies: Current Developments. In M. Cruz-Cunha, & G. Putnik (Eds.) Agile Virtual Enterprises: Implementation and Management Support (pp. 143-189). Hershey, PA: Idea Group Publishing. doi:10.4018/978-1-59904-010-3.ch006

Chicago

Cunha, Maria Manuela and Goran D. Putnik. "Information and Communication Technologies: Current Developments." In Agile Virtual Enterprises: Implementation and Management Support, ed. Maria Manuela Cruz-Cunha and Goran D. Putnik, 143-189 (2006), accessed December 19, 2014. doi:10.4018/978-1-59904-010-3.ch006

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Abstract

“The introduction of reliable, low-cost electronic computers into the economy was the most revolutionary technical innovation of the twentieth century” (Freeman & Soete, 1997, p. 158). “The fact that a new technology has many potential applications does not mean that all of these will occur simultaneously, or even over a short period. On the contrary, the assimilation of a major new technology into the economic and social system is a matter of decades, not years, and is related to the phenomenon of long cycles in the economy” (Freeman & Soete, 1997, p. 184). This was what, in fact, Schumpeter (1939) suggested. The focus of information technology within organizations has shifted over the last thirty years, from improving the efficiency of business processes within organizations, to improving the effectiveness of the whole value chain. During the sixties and seventies, businesses focused on the use of mainframes to process large quantities of data. In the 80s, businesses focused on using personal desktopcomputers to improve personal efficiency. The last decade has seen the use of information and communication technologies to create electronic networks within and between organizations. The information and communication technologies (ICT) of today consist on advanced communication systems that, combined with advanced information technologies, allow the overcoming of time and space conditionings, by means of: (1) communication networks (telephonically, satellite, cable, etc.) that transport information, (2) basic services (electronic mail, interactive video) that allow the utilization of networks, and (3) applications (electronic commerce, electronic marketplaces, teleoperation, electronic business) offering specialized solutions for groups of users. Information and communication technologies and systems are the support of concepts as distributed systems, computer-supported cooperative work, electronic commerce, electronic marketplaces, teleoperation, virtual prototyping, concurrent engineering, telemedicine, telework, etc., most of which, more deeply or less deeply, are connected with the implementation of some of the emerging ICT-based organizational models, to which the present book is a contribution. In this chapter we present some of the main ICT and some ICT-based techniques and applications that can support and enable the new organizational models, in particular, that can support Agile/Virtual Enterprise integration. Addressed is the impact of the new information and communication technologies. This chapter also reviews some of the most relevant technologies that can contribute to support the A/VE model, and introduces relevant applications of these information and communication technologies, some of then considered of relevance to the implementation of the Market of Resources. Finally, this chapter addresses the issue of information integration, presenting recent developments.
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Complete Chapter List

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Table of Contents
Chapter 1
Maria Manuela Cunha, Goran D. Putnik
Before introducing the Agile/Virtual Enterprise organizational model and all the concepts underlying the topic of Agile/Virtual Enterprise... Sample PDF
Business Requirements and Background
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Chapter 2
Maria Manuela Cunha, Goran D. Putnik
In this chapter the most relevant and most discussed virtual enterprise models are introduced in a broader sense: the Supply Chain Management... Sample PDF
A Review on Virtual Enterprise Models
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Chapter 3
Maria Manuela Cunha, Goran D. Putnik
Chapter III presents the BM_Virtual Enterprise (BM_VE) model, as an Agile/Virtual Enterprise, in total or partial conformance with the BM_Virtual... Sample PDF
BM_Virtual Enterprise as an Agile/Virtual Enterprise Model
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Chapter 4
Maria Manuela Cunha, Goran D. Putnik
This chapter introduces the requirements for Agile/Virtual Enterprise (A/VE) integration, discusses reconfigurability dynamics and business... Sample PDF
Requirements for Agile/Virtual Enterprise Intetgration
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Chapter 5
Maria Manuela Cunha, Goran D. Putnik
A review of VE integration-related literature reveals that although considerable research has been undertaken focusing on selection of cooperation... Sample PDF
The Proposal of a Market of Resources
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Chapter 6
Maria Manuela Cunha, Goran D. Putnik
“The introduction of reliable, low-cost electronic computers into the economy was the most revolutionary technical innovation of the twentieth... Sample PDF
Information and Communication Technologies: Current Developments
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Chapter 7
Maria Manuela Cunha, Goran D. Putnik
Since the mid-nineties, a considerable number of research and development projects and industrial initiatives have been undertaken to define... Sample PDF
Traditional Technologies to Support Agile/Virtual Enterprise Integration
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Chapter 8
Maria Manuela Cunha, Goran D. Putnik
This chapter presents a complete specification of the Market of Resources, to allow a complete understanding of how is this environment able to... Sample PDF
The Organizational Model for a Market of Resources
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Chapter 9
Maria Manuela Cunha, Goran D. Putnik
In earlier chapters we have presented the main information and communication technologies and applications that can be used to implement... Sample PDF
Development o the Market of Resources
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Chapter 10
Performance Analysis  (pages 308-345)
Maria Manuela Cunha, Goran D. Putnik
Chapter VII discussed how traditional Internet-based technologies could support Agile/Virtual Enterprise integration. Chapter VIII presented the... Sample PDF
Performance Analysis
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Chapter 11
Maria Manuela Cunha, Goran D. Putnik
Electronic Marketplaces (e marketplaces) appear to be a promising solution to B2B e-commerce, however its role, as well as the role of other... Sample PDF
Market of Resources: Exploitation and Future Trends
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