Information Management: Jurisdictional, Legal and Ethical Factors

Information Management: Jurisdictional, Legal and Ethical Factors

Michael Losavio (University of Louisville, USA), Adel Elmaghraby (University of Louisville, USA) and Deborah Keeling (University of Louisville, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-246-6.ch019
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Abstract

The global interconnected information space offers unprecedented ways of accessing and analyzing information. New infringements of the rights of individuals to privacy, personality and personal autonomy may be a consequence presenting possible legal and ethical issues for developers and users ofopen information systems. Awareness of these issues will assist the use, engineering and regulation of open information systems with minimal infringement of those rights. We examine, National, international and transnational jurisdictional issues affecting open information management, privacy and personal autonomy, and intellectual property concerns Consideration of these issues will minimize risks of problems developing from the implementation and use of open information systems.
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Introduction

General Perspective

The evolution of open information systems has advanced the sharing of data, information and knowledge. Yet this comes in cultures where “practical obscurity” (Stevens, 1989) of information has had value as to privacy and security. As open information management and use infringes on the privacy and security of objects, people and their rights, conflicts will develop in law and ethics. The conflicts may be national or transnational and range from private, individual issues to issues of sovereign state power to regulate, analyze and use information.

Chapter Objectives

The objectives of this chapter are to list some immediate or potential conflict areas and suggest a framework by which developers and researchers in open information management may anticipate, and possibly remediate, these conflicts. This chapter establishes for the reader some of the potential legal and ethical issues that may be impacted by open information management, particularly in an interconnected and collaborative environment. It should serve as a practical-level reference outline to guide the reader toward solutions in open information systems design and use that are legal and ethical.

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Background

Open information management has been of extraordinary benefit for the free exchange of information and ideas in domains ranging from commerce to science to politics. The development of Standard General Markup Language (SGML), for example, has opened information to expanded processing across multiple platforms.

The system of Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML), a subset of SGML, as implemented over the World Wide Web component of the Internet, has revolutionized information exchange. The United States Supreme Court, in rejecting a government effort to limit certain content over this open system, noted the Internet is “the most participatory form of mass speech yet developed.”, …“serving to foster an exchange of information or opinion on a particular topic running the gamut from, say, the music of Wagner to Balkan politics to AIDS prevention to the Chicago Bulls” … “It is “no exaggeration to conclude that the content on the Internet is as diverse as human thought.” Id. [n.7]” (Stevens 1995)

Yet it is precisely the potential injuries due to open information misuse that raises legal and ethical issues for OIM systems. Open information systems should anticipate these issues as part of design and commentary.

Complete Chapter List

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Chapter 1
Teemu Saarelainen
The amount of information surrounding us is ever increasing. Usable information is our most valuable asset both in our professional and personal... Sample PDF
Open Formats, Open Information and Future Trends in Software Engineering
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Chapter 2
Chia-Chu Chiang
Documents are perfectly suited for information exchange via the Internet. In order to insure that there are no misunderstandings, information... Sample PDF
Engineering Information Into Open Documents
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Chapter 3
Dwayne Rosenburgh
This chapter presents a look at the decision-making methods used by real-life, collegial, high-achieving, technical teams and organizations. One may... Sample PDF
Decision-making as a Facilitator of High-achievement in Non-hierarchical Technical Environments
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Chapter 4
Khaled Ahmed Nagaty
The purpose of this chapter is to discuss the relationship between three entities: hierarchical organization, information management and human... Sample PDF
Hierarchical Organization as a Facilitator of Information Management in Human Collaboration
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Chapter 5
Christine B. Glaser, Amy Tan, Ahmet M. Kondoz
Managing information collaboratively in an open and unbounded environment without an information management application influenced and challenged... Sample PDF
An Intelligent Information Management Tool for Complex Distributed Human Collaboration
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Chapter 6
Lobna Hsairi, Khaled Ghédira, Adel M. Alim, Abdellatif BenAbdelhafid
In the age of information proliferation, openness, open information management, interconnectivity, collaboration and communication advances... Sample PDF
R2-IBN: Argumentation Based Negotiation Framework for MAIS-E2 model
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Chapter 7
Pauli Brattico, Mikko Maatta
Automatic natural language processing captures a lion’s share of the attention in open information management. In one way or another, many... Sample PDF
Natural Language Parsing: New Perspectives from Contemporary Biolinguistics
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Chapter 8
Sune Lehmann
A network structure of nodes and links is an informative way to study information systems. The network representation is valuable because it encodes... Sample PDF
Structures in Complex Bipartite Networks
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Chapter 9
Juha Kesseli, Andre S. Ribeiro, Matti Nykter
In this chapter the authors study the propagation and processing of information in dynamical systems. Various information management systems can be... Sample PDF
Measuring Information Propagation and Processing in Biological Systems
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Chapter 10
Yacine Benahmed, Sid-Ahmed Selouani, Habib Hamam
In the context of the prodigious growth of network-based information services, messaging and edutainment, we introduce new tools that enable... Sample PDF
Natural Human-System Interaction Using Intelligent Conversational Agents
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Chapter 11
Marko Helén, Tommi Lahti, Anssi Klapuri
The purpose of this chapter is to introduce tools for automatic audio management. The authors present applications which are already available for... Sample PDF
Tools for Automatic Audio Management
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Chapter 12
Susmit Bagchi
Due to the advancement of hardware technologies and mobile communication systems, the mobile devices are transforming into multimedia devices... Sample PDF
PUM: Personalized Ubiquitous Multimedia
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Chapter 13
Edgar Jembere, Matthew O. Adigun, Sibusiso S. Xulu
Human Computer Interaction (HCI) challenges in highly dynamic computing environments can be solved by tailoring the access and use of services to... Sample PDF
Personalisation in Highly Dynamic Grid Services Environments
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Chapter 14
Josef Makolm, Silke Weiss, Doris Ipsmiller
Efficient and effective knowledge management plays an increasingly important role in knowledge intensive organizations. The research project... Sample PDF
DYONIPOS: Proactive Support of Knowledge Workers
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Chapter 15
Juhana Kokkonen
In this chapter the open-source based collaboration model of Finnish Wikipedia is examined from the perspective of user culture, which is the... Sample PDF
User Culture, User-System Relation and Trust – The Case of Finnish Wikipedia
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Chapter 16
Cristina Melchiors, Lisandro Zambenedetti Granville, Liane Margarida Rockenbach Tarouco
The use of information management tools in open and unbounded operational environments demands an efficient and robust communication infrastructure... Sample PDF
P2P-Based Management of Collaboration Communication Infrastructures
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Chapter 17
John Tsiligaridis
The problem of server performance in a contemporary, rapidly developed and multi-discipline environment is examined. Multiple requests in a very... Sample PDF
A Framework for Semi-Autonomous Servers in the Wireless Network Environment
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Chapter 18
Rakesh Biswas, Kevin Smith, Carmel M. Martin, Joachim P. Sturmberg, Ankur Joshi
This chapter discusses the role of open health information management in the the development of a novel, adaptable mixed-platform for supporting... Sample PDF
Open Information Management in User-driven Health Care
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Chapter 19
Michael Losavio, Adel Elmaghraby, Deborah Keeling
The global interconnected information space offers unprecedented ways of accessing and analyzing information. New infringements of the rights of... Sample PDF
Information Management: Jurisdictional, Legal and Ethical Factors
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