Information Parallax

Information Parallax

Franc Grootjen (Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands) and Theo Van der Weide (Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands)
Copyright: © 2007 |Pages: 34
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-265-7.ch009
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Abstract

To effectively use and exchange information among AI systems, a formal specification of the representation of their shared domain of discourse—called an ontology—is indispensable. In this chapter we introduce a special kind of knowledge representation based on a dual view on the universe of discourse and show how it can be used in human activities such as searching, in-depth exploration and browsing. After a formal definition of dualistic ontologies we exemplify this definition with three different (well known) kinds of ontologies, based on the vector model, on formal concept analysis and on fuzzy logic respectively. The vector model leads to concepts derived by latent semantic indexing using the singular value decomposition. Both the set model and the fuzzy-set model lead to formal concept analysis, in which the fuzzy-set model is equipped with a parameter that controls the fine-graining of the resulting concepts. We discuss the relation between the resulting systems of concepts. Finally, we demonstrate the use of this theory by introducing the dual search engine. We show how this search engine can be employed to support the human activities addressed above.

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Table of Contents
Preface
Vijayan Sugumaran
Acknowledgments
Chapter 1
Sudha Ram, Jun Liu
In recent years, business-rule management has become an important component of enterprise information systems. Business rules are guidelines for how... Sample PDF
OABIS: An Ontology-Based Approach to Business Rules Sourcing in Supply Chain Management Systems
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Chapter 2
Julie E Kendall, Kenneth E. Kendall
PointCast was a magic carpet of content providers. Imagine that of all the information that users needed to complete their work would suddenly... Sample PDF
Evolution and Mutation in Push Technologies: Social Concerns Resulting from the Effects of Memes on Intelligent Agents
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Chapter 3
Rainer Herrler, Christian HeIne
There are several continuing challenges within the health-care domain. On the one hand, there is a greater need for individualized, patient-oriented... Sample PDF
Approaches and Tools to Optimize and Manage Clinical Processes
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Chapter 4
Narjès Bellamine-BenSaoud, Fatima Rateb
In this chapter, we investigate how complexity theory and more particularly how agent-based modeling and simulation can benefit the explanation of... Sample PDF
Combating Malaria: A Complex System and Agent-Based Approach
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Chapter 5
Yasushi Kambayashi, Munehiro Takimoto
This chapter presents a framework for controlling intelligent robots connected by communication networks. This framework provides novel methods to... Sample PDF
An Intelligent Multi-Robot System Using Higher-Order Mobile Agents
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Chapter 6
Chris Schlueter Langdon
This paper aims to provide a synopsis on the design science of agent-based modeling and how to adapt an agent-based research strategy for the... Sample PDF
Instrument Validation for Strategic Business Simulation
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Chapter 7
Vagan Terziyan
Among traditional users of Web resources, industry also has a growing set of smart industrial devices with embedded intelligence. Just as humans do... Sample PDF
Challenges of the "Global Understanding Environment" Based on Agent Mobility
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Chapter 8
Thomas Biskup, Nils Heyer, Jorge M. Gómez
This chapter introduces hyperservices as a unified application model for Semantic Web frameworks and proposes the WASP model as a framework for... Sample PDF
Building Sound Semantic Web Frameworks for Scalable and Fault-Tolerant Systems
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Chapter 9
Information Parallax  (pages 182-215)
Franc Grootjen, Theo Van der Weide
To effectively use and exchange information among AI systems, a formal specification of the representation of their shared domain of... Sample PDF
Information Parallax
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Chapter 10
Sunitha Ramanujam, Miriam Capretz
In recent years, the emergence of the Internet has resulted in a proliferation of data. This in turn has given rise to increasing demands of... Sample PDF
ADAM: An Autonomic Approach to Database Management
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Chapter 11
Mafruz Ashrafi, David Taniar, Kate Smith
With the advancement of storage, retrieval, and network technologies today, the amount of information available to each organization is literally... Sample PDF
Towards Distributed Association Rule Mining Privacy
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Chapter 12
Dong-Qing Yao, Dong-Qing Qiao, Haibing Qiao
In this chapter, we introduce a generic Internet trading framework for online auctions. We present the requirements and service of the framework. A... Sample PDF
A Generic Internet Trading Framework for Online Auctions
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Chapter 13
Diana Kao, Shouhong Wang
The online auction has become an important form of e-commerce. Although using a different mode for conducting auction activities, online auctions... Sample PDF
Monitoring and Enforcing Online Auction Ethics
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Chapter 14
Charles Willow
Amidst the era of e-economy, one of the difficulties from the standpoint of the information-systems manger is, among others, the forecast of memory... Sample PDF
Mail Server Management with Intelligent Agents
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Chapter 15
Saad O.A. Subair, Safaai Deris
Protein secondary-structure prediction is a fundamental step in determining the 3D structure of a protein. In this chapter, a new method for... Sample PDF
Predicting Protein Secondary Structure Using Artificial Neural Networks and Information Theory
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