The success of any information security program lies in policy development. The lack of success in any particular program can often be attributed to this unmet need to build the foundation for success. In 1989, the National Institute of Standards and Technology addressed this point in Special Publication SP 500-169: Executive Guide to the Protection of Information Resources (1989): The success of an information resources protection program depends on the policy generated, and on the attitude of management toward securing information on automated systems. You, the policy maker, set the tone and the emphasis on how important a role information security will have within your agency. Your primary responsibility is to set the information resource security policy for the organization with the objectives of reduced risk, compliance with laws and regulations and assurance of operational continuity, information integrity, and confidentiality (p.1).