Innovation and Driven Knowledge Management

Innovation and Driven Knowledge Management

Eng K. Chew (University of Technology, Australia) and Petter Gottschalk (Norwegian School of Management, Norway)
Copyright: © 2009 |Pages: 36
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-802-4.ch011
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Abstract

As described in Chapter X, fundamental to the company’s innovation capabilities is the level of collaboration and knowledge management capabilities available to support the innovation process. The ability of an organization to identify, acquire, and utilize external knowledge, known as knowledge absorption, can be critical to the firm’s operational success (Adams, Bessant, & Phelps, 2006). A survey by Adams et al. (2006) shows that three areas of knowledge management are critical for innovation management: idea generation, knowledge repository (including the management of tacit and explicit knowledge), and information flows (including information gathering and networking). Further they note that several researchers have found that the firm’s ability to “absorb and put to use new knowledge,” known as knowledge “absorptive capacity,” has direct impact on the firm’s innovation and performance (Chen, 2004; Tsai, 2001). Popadiuk and Choo (2006) have further shown that innovation and knowledge creation are related. Innovation is a result of knowledge creation. Innovation is related to the firm’s ability to combine new knowledge with existing knowledge to create new knowledge that is unique to the firm. It is also related to the firm’s ability to diffuse knowledge throughout the organization so that the organization as a whole increases its absorptive capacity. Knowledge diffusion can be facilitated by IT infrastructure and knowledge management system. Knowledge management is aimed at leveraging internal and external knowledge to create value from the firm’s intangible assets. According to Metaxiotis and Psarras (2006), knowledge management contributes to value creation by enhancing: intellectual asset management, operational efficiency, customer and competitor intelligence, continuous improvement, organizational learning, innovation in products and services, and time to market. They report of findings from American Productivity and Quality Center that greater emphasis should be made by firms on “using knowledge management to become more efficient innovators.” To leverage knowledge management for business innovation, IT managers must first understand the basic principles, theories, and practices of knowledge management. Next, they must understand how knowledge management will contribute to innovation. This chapter aims to address both topics to help make IT managers become the IT innovators.
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Knowledge As A Strategic Resource

The knowledge-based view of the firm stems from the resource-based theory of firm. The resource-based theory asserts that long-run superior performance is associated with the possession of scarce, valuable, and inimitable firm-specific resources. The tenet is that knowledge as a focal resource creates unique advantages for governing economic activities through a logic that is very different from a market. The knowledge-based view argues that the success of firms is not only based on the economics of the contracts it implements (property rights, incentives), but also on its heterogeneous stocks and flows of knowledge. Further work from this perspective has examined different models of organizational design and development of organizational capabilities. The latter view conceptualizes the firm as an institution for integrating knowledge and examines how the mechanisms for integration establish flexible response capabilities in hypercompetitive markets (Grover & Davenport, 2001).

The knowledge-based view of the firm argues that the products and services produced by tangible resources depend on how they are combined and applied, which is a function of the firm’s know-how. This knowledge is embedded in and carried through individual employees as well as entities such as organization culture and identity, routines, policies, systems, and documents. The knowledge-based view of the firm posits that these knowledge assets may produce long-term sustainable competitive advantage for the organization because knowledge-based resources are socially complex to understand and difficult to imitate by another organization (Alavi & Leidner, 2001).

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Table of Contents
Foreword
Michael K. M. Leung
Acknowledgment
Eng K. Chew
Chapter 1
Eng K. Chew, Petter Gottschalk
A general understanding of business firms is required in order to be able to develop business and IT strategies. This chapter will present the... Sample PDF
Theories and Models of Business Firms
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Chapter 2
Eng K. Chew, Petter Gottschalk
Building on the understanding of the theories and models of firms, this chapter reviews the basic principles of strategic management of business... Sample PDF
Strategic Management Principles
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Chapter 3
Eng K. Chew, Petter Gottschalk
Over the last several decades, strategy researchers have devoted attention to the question of how corporate elites (i.e., corporate executives and... Sample PDF
Strategic Alignment, IT Value, and Organizational Analysis
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Chapter 4
Eng K. Chew, Petter Gottschalk
As discussed in Chapter III, a successful IT strategy must align with the business, fully at every stage of the end-to-end strategic management... Sample PDF
Critical Success Factors of IT Strategy
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Chapter 5
Eng K. Chew, Petter Gottschalk
Chapter IV defines the macromodel for achieving business/IT alignment. This chapter defines the detailed methodology for each step of the IT... Sample PDF
Strategic Alignment for Business Value Creation
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Chapter 6
Eng K. Chew, Petter Gottschalk
The role of integrated enterprise architecture in IT strategy and strategic alignment is explained in Chapter V. This chapter describes in detail... Sample PDF
Enterprise and Technology Architectures
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Chapter 7
Eng K. Chew, Petter Gottschalk
The previous chapters describe how IT strategy and enterprise architecture can be defined in line with business strategy. The success of business... Sample PDF
Strategic Programs: Planning and Execution
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Chapter 8
Eng K. Chew, Petter Gottschalk
As introduced in Chapter II and Chapter V, performance differences across firms can be attributed to the variance in firms’ resources and... Sample PDF
Strategic IT Resources and Sourcing Strategy
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Chapter 9
Eng K. Chew, Petter Gottschalk
In many organizations, information technology has become crucial in the support, sustainability, and growth of the business. This pervasive use of... Sample PDF
The CIO Enabling IT Governance
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Chapter 10
Eng K. Chew, Petter Gottschalk
The Global CEO Survey by IBM (2006) shows that two thirds of the CEOs anticipate significant change to their companies over the next two years. The... Sample PDF
Business Innovation and Information Management
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Chapter 11
Eng K. Chew, Petter Gottschalk
As described in Chapter X, fundamental to the company’s innovation capabilities is the level of collaboration and knowledge management capabilities... Sample PDF
Innovation and Driven Knowledge Management
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Chapter 12
Eng K. Chew, Petter Gottschalk
This chapter is about the “know-how” part of IT strategy and management best practices. This case example aims to illustrate a successful practical... Sample PDF
Business-Aligned IT Strategy Case Example: CLP Group, Hong Kong
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About the Authors