An Integrated View of E-Business and the Underlying ICT Infrastructure

An Integrated View of E-Business and the Underlying ICT Infrastructure

Martina Gerst (Innovation Space, Germany), Eric Iversen (NIFU-STEP, Norway) and Kai Jakobs (RWTH Aachen University, Germany)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-320-3.ch001
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Abstract

The chapter argues that any distinction between “e-business” and “infrastructure” is artificial. It shows that the lower-level techncial standards that make up the ICT infrastructure exert a direct impact on the e-business standards and systems that are using it. Accordingly, any assessment of the effect of standards on e-business has to take into account all layers of standards.
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1 Introduction

The analysis of standardisation in the ICT area is commonly segmented to study either demand or supply-side phenomena. Based on issues more often related to disciplinary interests (most often economics) than to current concerns of industry, studies tend to focus on either the initiation and elaboration of standards, or on conditions for their adoption and (much less often) their implementation. This book starts from the observation that this segmented focus significantly hampers the broader understanding of how standards interact with the networked organisations. The book therefore combines a study of supply and demand-side factors that affect the relevance and the quality of standards – and, thus, influence their impact – for networked organisations.

The market for electronic business solutions is vast and heterogeneous. E-business solutions have the potential both to affect the organisation of many existing markets but also have the scope to open up significant vistas for new economic activities (as the literature has been at pains to point out). In this setting it is therefore clear that characteristics rooted in the changing ‘user environments’ can prime demand for standards, can shape their relevance, and can therefore condition their potential impacts. It is equally clear that factors related to the way these standards are developed will affect their relevance and their ultimate impacts for existing markets as well as for emerging markets (perhaps unforeseen by the original sponsors of the individual standard).

In this context, this book addresses the dynamic between factors that condition demand and those that condition the supply for standard. The ultimate aim is to provide the basis on which to better understand how e-business standards might be better articulated to the changing needs of networked organisations. The book is concerned with the interaction of standards with their environments. In light of this interaction the focus is especially directed to the changing landscape of Standards Setting Bodies (SSBs), including their ability to adapt to, and potentially to influence these market environments.

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Table of Contents
Preface
Kai Jakobs
Chapter 1
Martina Gerst, Eric Iversen, Kai Jakobs
The chapter argues that any distinction between “e-business” and “infrastructure” is artificial. It shows that the lower-level techncial standards... Sample PDF
An Integrated View of E-Business and the Underlying ICT Infrastructure
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Chapter 2
Knut Blind, Stephan Gauch
The chapter provides an overview and subsequent analysis of the demand for e-government standards in the EU. It describes the requirements for... Sample PDF
The Demand for E-Government Standards
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Chapter 3
Knut Blind
Against the background of theoretical typologies of service standards, a survey among European service companies addressed the question, in which... Sample PDF
A Taxonomy of Service Standards and a Modification for E-Business
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Chapter 4
Richard Hawkins
With specific reference to information and communication technologies (ICT), this Chapter examines the structural relationship of various... Sample PDF
Business Models and the Dynamics of Supply and Demand for Standards
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Chapter 5
Ian Graham, Raluca Bunduchi, Martina Gerst, Robin Williams
For RFID technology (radio frequency identification), the forms of the standardisation processes are co-evolving with the technology and are being... Sample PDF
Emergence of Standardisation Processes: Linkage with Users
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Chapter 6
Kai Jakobs
This chapter briefly outlines a study that looked at potential links between ICT / e-business standards’ origins and their subsequent success in the... Sample PDF
Perceived Relation between ICT Standards' Sources and their Success in the Market
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Chapter 7
Kai Jakobs, Jan Kritzner
The chapter tries to provide the information that potential standards-setters should consider when selecting a standards setting body (SSB). It... Sample PDF
How to Select the Best Platform for ICT Standards Development
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Chapter 8
W. Lemstra, V. Hayes
In this chapter the authors explore and describe the role of the innovating firm in relation to the standards making process of Wireless-Local Area... Sample PDF
The Shaping of the IEEE 802.11 Standard: The Role of the Innovating Firm in the Case of Wi-Fi
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Chapter 9
Tom McGuffog
In this chapter, the evolution of e.business is described. The ever-changing balance between demand and supply is outlined. The conclusion is... Sample PDF
The Evolution of e.Business: Can Technology Supply Meet the Full Business Demand?
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Chapter 10
Mingzhi Li, Kai Reimers
This chapter analyses and evaluates the Chinese government’s 3G policy of supporting the creation and implementation of the country’s indigenous... Sample PDF
China's Practice of Implementing a 3G Mobile Telecommunications Standard: A Transaction Costs Perspective
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Chapter 11
Akio Tokuda
To develop automobiles that fulfill the criteria of “environment-friendliness” “advanced safety”, and“riding comfort”, coordination between ECUs... Sample PDF
International Framework for Collaboration between European and Japanese Standard Consortia: The Case of the Automotive LAN Protocol
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Chapter 12
Tineke M. Egyedi
There is a continuous pressure for improvement in e-business. Increasing technical possibilities, new forms of outsourcing, the ongoing integration... Sample PDF
Between Supply and Demand: Coping with the Impact of Standards Change
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Chapter 13
Mogens Kühn Pedersen, Vladislav V. Fomin, Henk J. de Vries
The fast growth in globalization stimulates the trend of open standards and challenges governments in devising policies for the national information... Sample PDF
Open Standards and Government Policy
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Chapter 14
Ioannis P. Chochliouros, Anastasia S. Spiliopoulou, Tilemachos D. Doukoglou, Elpida Chochliourou
The European Authorities have promoted a specific and innovative framework for the use of electronic signatures, allowing the free flow of... Sample PDF
Developing Measures and Standards for the European Electronic Signatures Market
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Chapter 15
Esther Ruiz Ben
In recent years, the ICT branch has experienced new internationalization impulses through the improvement of offshore practices. Particularly the... Sample PDF
Quality Standardization Patterns in ICT Offshore
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Chapter 16
Manuel Mora, Ovsei Gelman, Rory O’Connor, Francisco Alvarez, Jorge Macías-Luévano
This chapter develops a descriptive-conceptual overview of the main models and standards of processes formulated in the systems engineering (SE)... Sample PDF
An Overview of Models and Standards of Processes in the SE, SwE, and IS Disciplines
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Chapter 17
Martina Gerst, Kai Jakobs
Successful cooperation between large manufacturers and their suppliers is a crucial aspect, especially in the automotive industry. Such mutually... Sample PDF
E-Business Standardization in the Automotive Sector: Role and Situation of SMEs
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About the Contributors