An Integrative Framework for the Study of Information Security Management Research

An Integrative Framework for the Study of Information Security Management Research

John D’Arcy (University of Notre Dame, USA) and Anat Hovav (Korea University, Korea)
Copyright: © 2009 |Pages: 13
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-855-0.ch006
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A number of academic studies that focus on various aspects of information security management (ISM) have emerged in recent years. This body of work ranges from the technical, economic, and behavioral aspects of ISM to the effect of industry standards, regulations, and best practices. The purpose of this chapter is to review the current state of ISM research, while providing an integrative framework for future studies. Using the proposed framework as a guide, we identify areas of depth within current ISM literature and areas where research is underdeveloped. Finally, we call for a more comprehensive approach to ISM research that considers multiple dimensions of our framework and their interrelationships.
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Dimensions Of Information Security Management

Information security is described in terms of confidentiality, integrity, availability, privacy, identification, authentication, authorization, and accountability of information (Whitman & Mattord, 2005). This description points to the multifaceted nature of ISM and the fact that it involves far more than technical solutions. We propose that ISM can be conceptualized in terms of the five dimensions depicted in Figure 1. Three of the ISM dimensions are organizational in nature: financial/economic impact, strategy and best practices, and behavioral issues. The other two dimensions are external to the organization in the sense that managers have less control over them: standards and regulations and available information security technology. As depicted by the arrows in Figure 1, the three organizational dimensions are interrelated. In addition, both external dimensions have some affect on the organizational dimensions. For example, standards and regulations may impact organizational strategy and best practices, or the financial impact of ISM, or the expected behavior of users. Similarly, the external dimensions are interrelated. For the sake of brevity and clarity, we do not illustrate all possible relationships between the five dimensions. However, we do acknowledge that alternative interrelationships may exist.

Figure 1.

Framework for the study of information security management

In the following sections, we describe the current state of ISM research and identify gaps in our knowledge. Our objective is not to provide an exhaustive review of the literature, but rather to outline existing research streams within each of the proposed dimensions. We also identify future research opportunities based on the interrelationships between the dimensions.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Sarbanes-Oxley Act: A U.S. law designed to enforce accountability for the financial record keeping and reporting at publicly traded corporations. Publicly traded organizations are responsible for the security, accuracy, and reliability of the systems that manage and report their financial data.

Systems Security Engineering Capability Maturity Model (SSE-CMM): Describes the essential characteristics of an organization’s security engineering process that must exist to ensure good security engineering. The model focuses on the requirements for implementing security in a system (specifically an IT system), the processes used to achieve IT security, and their level of maturity. More information available at:

Multiplexed Information and Computing Service (MULTICS): A time-sharing operating system developed by MIT, General Electric, and Bell Labs in the early 1960s. MULTICS was the first operating system to be designed as a secure system from the ground up.

Federal Agency Security Practices (FASP): An initiative by the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Computer Security Division to identify, evaluate, and disseminate best practices for information security. This best practice information is available on the FASP website at

Denial-of-Service (DOS) Attack: Attack that attempts to make a computer resource (e.g., Web servers, DNS servers, routers, and so on) unavailable to its intended users. Hackers run a program, such as a string of ping commands, that requires considerable amounts of the target’s resources, resulting in degradation or complete loss of services.

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 800 Series: A set of documents that describe U.S. government information security policies, procedures, and guidelines. The series was developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology and is available for free at:

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA): Federal regulations establishing national standards for the confidentiality and security of health care data.

Information Security Management (ISM): Administrative and managerial activities designed to implement an organizational information security program. These activities include setting the information security mission, vision, and policies, implementing technical and procedural controls, business continuity and disaster recovery planning, analyzing the economic effectiveness of implemented controls, and compliance with relevant regulations.

Information Security Ecosystem: The IT ecosystem is defined by Forrester Research and others as “the network of organizations that drives the creation and delivery of information technology products and services” and includes customers, suppliers, and influencers (key stakeholders). Similarly, one can define the information security ecosystem as the network of entities that drives information security products and services, and includes information security hardware and software vendors, consultants, digital forensics experts, standardization agencies, accreditation and education facilities, academic conferences and journals, books, magazines, hackers, and their paraphernalia.

Generally Accepted System Security Principles (GASSP): Developed by the International Information Security Foundation (

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Jatinder N. D. Gupta, Sushil Sharma
Jatinder N. D. Gupta, Sushil Sharma
Chapter 1
Xin Luo, Qinyu Liao
In computer virology, advanced encryption algorithms, on the bright side, can be utilized to effectively protect valuable information assets of... Sample PDF
Ransomware: A New Cyber Hijacking Threat to Enterprises
Chapter 2
Joon S. Park
E-commerce has grown immensely with the increase in activity on the Internet, and this increase in activity, while immeasurable, has also presented... Sample PDF
E-Commerce: The Benefits, Security Risks, and Countermeasures
Chapter 3
Pamela Ajoku
Even though weapons and money are considered important factors for running a modern world, at the end of the day, it is all about controlling and... Sample PDF
Information Warfare: Survival of the Fittest
Chapter 4
Gaeil An, Joon S. Park
In this chapter, we discuss the evolution of the enterprise security federation, including why the framework should be evolved and how it has been... Sample PDF
Evolution of Enterprise Security Federation
Chapter 5
Roy Ng
The hypergrowth of computing and communications technologies increases security vulnerabilities to organizations. The lack of resources training... Sample PDF
A Holistic Approach to Information Security Assurance and Risk Management in an Enterprise
Chapter 6
John D’Arcy, Anat Hovav
A number of academic studies that focus on various aspects of information security management (ISM) have emerged in recent years. This body of work... Sample PDF
An Integrative Framework for the Study of Information Security Management Research
Chapter 7
Aditya Ponnam
Organizations worldwide recognize the importance of a comprehensive, continuously evolving risk assessment process, built around a solid risk... Sample PDF
Information Systems Risk Management: An Audit and Control Approach
Chapter 8
Udaya Kiran Tupakula
In this chapter we discuss Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks in networks such as the Internet, which have become significantly prevalent... Sample PDF
Distributed Denial of Service Attacks in Networks
Chapter 9
Andy Luse
This chapter describes various firewall conventions, and how these technologies operate when deployed on a corporate network. Terms associated with... Sample PDF
Firewalls as Continuing Solutions for Network Security
Chapter 10
Jamie Twycross
The immune system provides a rich metaphor for computer security: anomaly detection that works in nature should work for machines. However, early... Sample PDF
An Immune-Inspired Approach to Anomaly Detection
Chapter 11
Wasim A. Al-Hamdani
This chapter introduces cryptography from information security phase rather than from deep mathematical and theoretical aspects, along with... Sample PDF
Cryptography for Information Security
Chapter 12
Carlo Belletini
The chapter introduces and describes representative defense mechanisms to protect from both basic and advanced exploitation of low-level coding... Sample PDF
Memory Corruption Attacks, Defenses, and Evasions
Chapter 13
Dalila Boughaci, Brahim Oubeka, Abdelkader Aissioui, Habiba Drias, Belaïd Benhamou
This chapter presents the design and the implementation of a decentralized firewall. The latter uses autonomous agents to coordinately control the... Sample PDF
Design and Implementation of a Distributed Firewall
Chapter 14
Tom Coffey
This chapter concerns the correct and reliable design of modern security protocols. It discusses the importance of formal verification of security... Sample PDF
A Formal Verification Centred Development Process for Security Protocols
Chapter 15
Ahsan Habib
This chapter develops a distributed monitoring scheme that uses edge-to-edge measurements to identify congested links and capture the misbehaving... Sample PDF
Edge-to-Edge Network Monitoring to Detect Service Violations and DoS Attacks
Chapter 16
Doug White, Alan Rea
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A "One-Pass" Methodology for Sensitive Data Disk Wipes
Chapter 17
Lijun Liao
This chapter deals with the issues concerning e-mail communication security. We analyze the most popular security mechanisms and standards related... Sample PDF
Securing E-Mail Communication with XML Technology
Chapter 18
Li Yang, Raimund K. Ege, Lin Luo
This chapter describes our approach to handle security in a complex Distributed Virtual Environment (DVE). The modules of such an environment all... Sample PDF
Aspect-Oriented Analysis of Security in Distributed Virtual Environment
Chapter 19
Information Availability  (pages 230-239)
Deepak Khazanchi
This chapter describes the concept of information availability (IAV) which is considered an important element of information security. IAV is... Sample PDF
Information Availability
Chapter 20
Siraj Ahmed Shaikh
The purpose of this chapter is to introduce the reader to the research area of formal analysis of authentication protocols. It briefly introduces... Sample PDF
Formal Analysis and Design of Authentication Protocols
Chapter 21
Rajeev R. Raje, Alex Crespi, Omkar J. Tilak, Andrew M. Olson
Component-based software development offers a promising technique for creating distributed systems. It does require a framework for specifying... Sample PDF
Access Control Frameworks for a Distributed System
Chapter 22
Manish Gupta, JinKyu Lee, H. R. Rao
The Internet has emerged as the dominant medium in enabling banking transactions. Adoption of e-banking has witnessed an unprecedented increase over... Sample PDF
Implications of FFIEC Guidance on Authentication in Electronic Banking
Chapter 23
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Disruptive Technology Impacts on Security
Chapter 24
Sushma Mishra
Internal auditing has become increasingly important in current business environments. In this era of the Sarbanes- Oxley Act and other similar... Sample PDF
Internal Auditing for Information Assurance
Chapter 25
William H. Friedman
This chapter is management oriented. It first proposes a general theoretical context for IT disasters within the wider class of all types of... Sample PDF
IT Continuity in the Face of Mishaps
Chapter 26
Yvette Ghormley
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Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery Plans
Chapter 27
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Security Policies and Procedures
Chapter 28
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Enterprise Access Control Policy Engineering Framework
Chapter 29
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The purpose of the information security policy is to establish an organization-wide approach to prescribe mechanisms that help identify and prevent... Sample PDF
Information Security Policies: Precepts and Practices
Chapter 30
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This chapter provides a set of guidelines to assist information assurance and security researchers in creating, negotiating, and reviewing... Sample PDF
A Guide to Non-Disclosure Agreements for Researchers
Chapter 31
Omkar J. Tilak
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Assurance for Temporal Compatibility Using Contracts
Chapter 32
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Spatial Authentication Using Cell Phones
Chapter 33
Sushil K. Sharma, Jatinder N.D. Gupta, Ajay K. Gupta
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Plugging Security Holes in Online Environment
Chapter 34
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Six Keys to Improving Wireless Security
Chapter 35
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Human Factors in Information Security and Privacy
Chapter 36
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Threat Modeling and Secure Software Engineering Process
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Guarding Corporate Data from Social Engineering Attacks
Chapter 38
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Data Security for Storage Area Networks
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Security-Efficient Identity Management Using Service Provisioning (Markup Language)
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A Strategy for Enterprise VoIP Security
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Critical Success Factors and Indicators to Improve Information Systems Security Management Actions
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Privacy, Societal, and Ethical Concerns in Security
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Rodolfo Villarroel, Eduardo Fernández-Medina, Juan Trujillo, Mario Piattini
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An MDA Compliant Approach for Designing Secure Data Warehouses
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Survivability Evaluation Modeling Techniques and Measures
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