Interactive IR in Digital Library Environments

Interactive IR in Digital Library Environments

Iris Xie (University of Wisconsin, USA)
Copyright: © 2008 |Pages: 37
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-240-4.ch005
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Abstract

For centuries, people have been used to printed materials. The emergence of the Internet brings dramatic changes to millions of people in terms of how they collect, organize, disseminate, access, and use information. Researchers (Chowdhury & Chowdhury, 2003; Lesk, 2005; Witten & Bainbridge, 2003) have identified the following factors that contributed to the birth of digital libraries: 1. Vannevar Bush’s pioneering concept and idea of Memex. Vannevar Bush (1945) wrote a classic article, “As We May Think,” which has had a major impact on the emergence of digital libraries. In the article, he described his Memex device, which was able to organize books, journals, and notes in different places by linked association. This associative linking was similar to what is known today as hypertext. 2. The advancement in computer and communication/network technology. The computer was first used to manage information. In the 1960s, the emergence of remote online information search services changed the way people access and search information. By the 1980s, people could remotely and locally access library catalogues via Online Public Access Catalogues (OPACs). The invention of the CD-ROM made it easy and cheap for users to access electronic information. Most importantly, Web technology started in 1990, and the occurrence of Web browsers afterwards have enabled users to access digital information anywhere as long as there is an Internet connection. Web search engines offer an opportunity for millions of people to search full-text documents on the Web. 3. The development of libraries and library access. Since the creation of Alexandrian library around 300 B.C., the size and number of libraries have grown phenomenally. A library catalogue goes from a card catalogue to three generations of online public access catalogues started in the 1980s. Library materials include mainly printed resources to multimedia collections, such as images, videos, sound files, and so forth. Simultaneously, the information explosion in the digital age makes it impossible for libraries to collect all of the available materials.

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Table of Contents
Acknowledgment
Iris Xie
Chapter 1
Iris Xie
There exist two approaches in IR system design and research: system-oriented and user-oriented. The system-oriented approach has played the dominant... Sample PDF
User-Oriented IR Research Approaches
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Chapter 2
Iris Xie
Online catalogs are types of interactive computer systems; they can also be called “interactive catalogs” because a user interacts with the computer... Sample PDF
Interactive IR in OPAC Environments
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Chapter 3
Iris Xie
The Internet has introduced the concept and capability of information retrieval to millions of users. There is an increasing growth in databases... Sample PDF
Interactive IR in Online Database Environments
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Chapter 4
Iris Xie
Tim Berners-Lee wrote the initial proposal for the World Wide Web in 1989, and developed it online in 1991 by using a hypertext model (Berners-Lee... Sample PDF
Interactive IR in Web Search Engine Environments
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Chapter 5
Iris Xie
For centuries, people have been used to printed materials. The emergence of the Internet brings dramatic changes to millions of people in terms of... Sample PDF
Interactive IR in Digital Library Environments
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Chapter 6
Iris Xie
The Text REtrieval Conference (TREC) is sponsored by three agencies—the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the U.S.... Sample PDF
TREC and Interactive Track Environments
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Chapter 7
Interactive IR Models  (pages 183-214)
Iris Xie
The nature of information retrieval (IR) is interaction. However, the traditional IR model only focuses on the comparison between user input and... Sample PDF
Interactive IR Models
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Chapter 8
Interactive IR Framework  (pages 215-262)
Iris Xie
Representation and comparison are usually considered the two core processes in traditional IR. Comparison is between two representations... Sample PDF
Interactive IR Framework
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Chapter 9
Iris Xie
In order to illustrate and validate the planned-situational interactive IR model, I conducted an empirical study. This study was a pilot of a... Sample PDF
Illustration and Validation of the Interactive IR Framework
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Chapter 10
Iris Xie
The planned-situational model of interactive IR not only clarifies some of the important issues of information retrieval but also sets up a... Sample PDF
Implications of the Planned-Situational Interactive IR Model
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Chapter 11
Iris Xie
The emergence of the Internet has allowed millions of people to use a variety of electronic information retrieval (IR) systems, such as digital... Sample PDF
Conclusions and Future Directions
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About the Editor