Internet-Based Spatial Decision Support Using Open Source Tools

Internet-Based Spatial Decision Support Using Open Source Tools

G. Brent Hall (University of Waterloo, Canada) and Michael G. Leahy (University of Waterloo, Canada)
Copyright: © 2006 |Pages: 26
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-845-1.ch013
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In the last half decade, there has been growing interest in the concept of collaborative geographic information systems (GIS) in support of decision making, especially in the context of various domains of planning. This interest has spawned an already substantial literature in what is now becoming popularly known as public participation GIS (PPGIS) or community GIS. A central and general objective of PPGIS is to encourage the use of GIS technology by broadly based and geographically dispersed nonexpert users. In the context of planning decision support, this involves creating software with map-based functionality that is responsive to the needs of user groups that have limited experience with computers and only a rudimentary knowledge of even simple spatial analysis concepts. This functionality should be designed to enable these individuals to communicate and interact with higher level users and agencies on an equal footing so that all participants can be both better informed of each others perspectives and more involved in decision-making processes that involve land and resource use planning and management. This chapter considers the general issue of PPGIS in the context of use of the Internet and the World Wide Web as a means of achieving broad participation and collaboration in decision making among dispersed participants with a diversity of backgrounds and competencies in using spatial concepts and analyses. The chapter also considers the role that open source software tools can play in crafting accessible and highly customizable solutions using an example for assessing the quality of primary-level education in Peru.

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Table of Contents
Shivanand Balram, Suzana Dragicevic
Chapter 1
Shivanand Balram, Suzana Dragicevic
This study describes the origins, boundaries, and structures of collaborative geographic information systems (CGIS). A working definition is... Sample PDF
Collaborative Geographic Information Systems: Origins, Boundaries, and Structures
Chapter 2
Mordechai (Muki) Haklay
Collaborative GIS requires careful consideration of the Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) and Usability aspects, given the variety of users that are... Sample PDF
Usability Dimensions in Collaborative GIS
Chapter 3
Timothy L. Hawthorne, Michael Dougherty, Gregory Elmes, Christopher Fletcher, Brent McCusker, Marta Pinto, Daniel Weiner
This chapter describes how community-based qualitative information about local land use is being incorporated into a Participatory Geographic... Sample PDF
Beyond the Public Meeting: Building a Field-Based Participatory GIS for Land Use Planning in Monongalia County, West Virginia
Chapter 4
Sarah Elwood
This chapter examines participatory approaches to GIS (PPGIS) in community planning. The discussion examines current and emerging trends in PPGIS... Sample PDF
Participatory GIS and Community Planning: Restructuring Technologies, Social Processes, and Future Research in PPGIS
Chapter 5
Claus Rinner
Collaboration and decision-making of humans usually entails logical reasoning that is expressed through discussions and individual arguments. Where... Sample PDF
Argumentation Mapping in Collaborative Spatial Decision Making
Chapter 6
Edward Mac Gillavry
The collection and dissemination of geographic information has long been the prerogative of national mapping agencies. Nowadays, location-aware... Sample PDF
Collaborative Mapping and GIS: An Alternative Geographic Information Framework
Chapter 7
Shivanand Balram, Suzana Dragicevic
Incorporating the agent paradigm into geographic information science is one approach to modeling the complex interactions between natural and human... Sample PDF
Extending Objects to Model Agents: A Collaborative Group Design Framework Using the Agent UML Extension
Chapter 8
Raja Sengupta
Solutions to spatial environmental problems often require the integration of dynamic simulation models within GIS to create spatial decision support... Sample PDF
Simulation Modelling within Collaborative Spatial Decision Support Systems Using "Cause-Effect" Models and Software Agents
Chapter 9
Piotr Jankowski, Milosz Stasik
Participatory geographic information systems (PGIS) have been touted as a technology to democratize local decision making. The promise of PGIS has... Sample PDF
An Experimental Study Using SDS Tools for a Participatory Approach to Local Land Use Planning
Chapter 10
Jacek Malczewski
This chapter provides a critical review of GIS-based multicriteria decision analysis (GIS-MCDA) for supporting group (collaborative and... Sample PDF
Multcriteria Decision Analysis for Collaborative GIS
Chapter 11
Jianhua Gong, Hui Lin
A collaborative virtual geographic environment (CVGE) is a 3-D, distributed, and graphical world representing and simulating geographic phenomena... Sample PDF
A Collaborative Virtual Geographic Environment: Design and Development
Chapter 12
Timothy L. Nyerges, Kevin S. Ramsey, Matthew W. Wilson
Recent research about “analytic-deliberative” decision processes shows that meaningful public participation is possible, and decision outcomes are... Sample PDF
Design Considerations for an Internet Portal to Support Public Participation in Transportation Improvement Decision Making
Chapter 13
G. Brent Hall, Michael G. Leahy
In the last half decade, there has been growing interest in the concept of collaborative geographic information systems (GIS) in support of decision... Sample PDF
Internet-Based Spatial Decision Support Using Open Source Tools
Chapter 14
Brad C. Mason, Suzana Dragicevic
Environmental problems are multidimensional and usually complex. Collaborative integration of multiple forms of knowledge is one approach used to... Sample PDF
Web GIS and Knowledge Management Systems: An Integrated Design for Collaborative Community Planning
Chapter 15
Songnian Li
The rapidly expanding range of Web technology has made it possible to collaboratively make decisions over the Web. This chapter examines some of... Sample PDF
Web-Based Collaborative Spatial Decision Support Systems: A Technological Perspective
Chapter 16
Ming-Hsiang Tsou
Internet GIS provides a collaborative communication environment for sharing data, information, and knowledge. Mobile GIS can add both geospatial... Sample PDF
Bridging the Gap: Connecting Internet-Based Spatial Decision Support Systems to the Field-Based Personnel with Real Time Wireless Mobile GIS Applications
Chapter 17
Suzana Dragicevic, Shivanand Balram
The relevant research literatures, together with the issues articulated by chapter authors in this book, are used to characterize some of the... Sample PDF
Collaborative Geographic Information Systems and Science: A Transdisciplinary Evolution
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