The Internet, the State Library, and the Implementation of Statewide Information Policy: The Case of the NYS GIS Clearinghouse

The Internet, the State Library, and the Implementation of Statewide Information Policy: The Case of the NYS GIS Clearinghouse

Sharon S. Dawes (University at Albany, State University of New York, USA) and Sharon Oskam (New York State Library, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-878289-96-4.ch012
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Abstract

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are used by government, researchers and businesses in a wide range of domains including economic development, environmental management, education, health, human services, infrastructure management, and disaster response. Most experts agree that the most expensive part of a GIS program is the creation of spatial data. Some estimate that as much as 80% of the cost of any application is attributable to the expenses of acquiring and geocoding information (Thapa & Bosler, 1992). Often the information needs of different GIS applications overlap and data created by one organization can be used by others. Data sharing can therefore help reduce costs of GIS application development and yield considerable benefits and efficiencies. To achieve this purpose, the State of New York has implemented a GIS Coordination Program which features an Internet-based GIS Clearinghouse operated by the New York State Library (Dawes & Eglene, 1998). In this program, the Library acts as a critical implementer and value-added facilitator of an important new state information policy that has influence over spatial data development, exchange, and use at all levels of government and in the private and not-for-profit sectors. The Clearinghouse provides the conceptual framework and operational platform for a fully functioning data cooperative which is the heart of the New York State GIS Data Sharing Policy. The library-based clearinghouse has become the essential portal to many newly identified information resources. It organizes the data descriptions, provides a publicly available and easy-to-use means of access, promotes sharing, points the way to education and other services, and generally makes possible the vision of a living data resource.

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Table of Contents
Chapter 1
Rob Brennan, Brendan Jennings, Conor McArdle, Thomas Curran
Many see the Intelligent Network (IN), which is today the prevalent means of providing services based on manipulation of voice call setup, as a... Sample PDF
Intelligent Networks: A Discussion of Current Developments
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Chapter 2
Bill St. Arnaud
One of last great impediments to wide-scale and rapid deployment of the information society is the "last mile" issue. This chapter outlines some of... Sample PDF
Gigabit Internet to Every Home and School: A Conceptual Overview
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Chapter 3
Thomas Kunz
Our work is based on offloading computationally intensive application components to more powerful servers in the access network. Ideally, this “load... Sample PDF
Adaptive Mobile Applications: Experience with an Approach Based on Mobile Code
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Chapter 4
Arogyaswami J. Paulraj, Hemanth Sampath
In this chapter, we briefly describe these four leverages of space-time processing. We first discuss wireless channel impairments, next we explain... Sample PDF
Space-Time Wireless Communications (a.k.a. Smart Antennas)
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Chapter 5
Andre L. Brandao
Space division multiple access (SDMA) is a promising technique useful for increasing capacity, reducing interference and improving overall wireless... Sample PDF
A New Business Dimension: SDMA and Intelligent Antennas
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Chapter 6
Lance Pickett, Kathy S. Lassila
VPN development has been driven by the rapid growth of Internet access, the critical mass of companies with a Web presence or conducting some form... Sample PDF
Virtual Private Networks: Enhancing the Impact of the Internet
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Chapter 7
Zixiang (Alex) Tan
One of the challenges as well as opportunities for the success of wireless communication in the 21st century is the standardization that, in a... Sample PDF
Global Competition and Cooperation in Standardization of Wireless Communications
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Chapter 8
Xu Yan, James Y.L. Thong
In this article, we seek to provide a deep insight into telecommunications reform strategies by studying the Chinese experience in the international... Sample PDF
Telecommunications in Transition: The Chinese Experience in the International Context
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Chapter 9
Xu Yan, James Y.L. Thong
The introduction of deregulation in IDD service with effect from January 1999 triggered a round of extremely fierce competition in Hong Kong’s IDD... Sample PDF
The Impact of Deregulation on the Quality of IDD Services: The Case of Hong Kong
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Chapter 10
Fola Yahaya
This chapter examines innovative telecommunications connectivity options, in particular fiber optic submarine cable and satellite systems, emerging... Sample PDF
The Role of New Connectivity Options in Information Infrastructure Development in Sub-Saharan Africa
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Chapter 11
Murali Venkatesh
This paper examines the implications of technological discontinuity for organizations in six communities in New York State. From the network... Sample PDF
Management Challenges in Broadbend Networking
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Chapter 12
Sharon S. Dawes, Sharon Oskam
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are used by government, researchers and businesses in a wide range of domains including economic development... Sample PDF
The Internet, the State Library, and the Implementation of Statewide Information Policy: The Case of the NYS GIS Clearinghouse
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Chapter 13
Patricia J. Carlson, Beverly K. Kahn, Frantz Rowe
This study tests the multicultural applicability of Huber’s technological imperative framework by comparing the effects of the adoption of a new... Sample PDF
Organizational Impacts of New Communication Technology: A Comparison of Cellular Phone Adoption in France and the United States
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