Judges as IT Users: The Iuriservice Example

Judges as IT Users: The Iuriservice Example

Marta Poblet (ICREA Researcher at the UAB Institute of Law and Technology, Spain), Joan-Josep Vallbé (UAB Institute of Law and Technology, Spain), Núria Casellas (UAB Institute of Law and Technology, Spain) and Pompeu Casanovas (UAB Institute of Law and Technology, Spain)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-998-4.ch003
OnDemand PDF Download:
$37.50

Abstract

Judicial culture generally refers to the set of values, cognitive skills, and practical knowledge of members of the judiciary. In this chapter, we present a research project whose main object is to identify, organize, model, and use practical knowledge produced by judges in judicial settings. To do so, we describe the steps followed to develop Iuriservice, a Web-based system intended to provide the Spanish judiciary with a tool to facilitate knowledge management in daily judicial practice. Iuriservice is a Web-based application that retrieves answers to questions raised by incoming judges in the Spanish judicial domain. This system provides these newly recruited judges with access to frequently asked questions (FAQ) through a natural language interface. The impact and limits of the implementation of Iuriservice in the larger context of the court system will also be considered. Finally, we will conclude by situating the Iuriservice example in the context of recent trends in judicial reform.
Chapter Preview
Top

The Spanish Judiciary: Recruitment, Training, And It Competences

To a large extent, the Spanish judiciary follows the same organizational model of judiciaries of civil law countries in continental Europe as regards recruitment and training of judges. Those countries having adopted the “bureaucratic model,” therefore, tend to recruit the members of their judiciaries among young law graduates with little or none previous professional experience by means of competitive written and/or oral exams intended to evaluate their general knowledge of various branches of the law. Successful candidates are then required to fill the vacancies existing at the first level of jurisdiction. This model of selection, as Di Federico (2005) states,

is based on the assumption that judges and prosecutors thus recruited will develop their professional competence and will be culturally socialized within the judiciary, where they are expected to remain for the rest of their working lives, moving along career ladders whose steps are based on successive evaluations which in various ways take into account seniority and professional merit (p. 8).

Candidates to access the Spanish judiciary have to be older than 18 years and hold both the Spanish nationality and a law degree. No previous professional experience is required and no psychological test or assessment is made. The selection process, which is made on annual or biannual basis, largely relies on the assessment of the learning by heart ability of candidates.1 Legal topics essentially cover the same contents offered by the law school curricula: civil, criminal, constitutional, administrative, commercial, and labor law. In sum, candidates will have spent a mean of roughly five years after graduation preparing the competitive examination, accessing the judiciary at the average age of 29 (Judicial School, 2006). Before taking office, nevertheless, they have to attend the Judicial School for a period of 18 months.

Complete Chapter List

Search this Book:
Reset
Table of Contents
Acknowledgment
Agustí Cerrillo i Martínez, Pere Fabra i Abat
Chapter 1
Marco Fabri
The European Union (EU) is an extraordinary laboratory of innovation and change, particularly in the justice sector. The diversity of environments... Sample PDF
The Italian Style of E-Justice in a Comparative Perspective
$37.50
Chapter 2
Davide Carnevali
In spite of the technological, economic, and normative efforts, all democratic countries are developing electronic filing (e-filing) in the justice... Sample PDF
E-Justice and Policies for Risk Management
$37.50
Chapter 3
Marta Poblet, Joan-Josep Vallbé, Núria Casellas, Pompeu Casanovas
Judicial culture generally refers to the set of values, cognitive skills, and practical knowledge of members of the judiciary. In this chapter, we... Sample PDF
Judges as IT Users: The Iuriservice Example
$37.50
Chapter 4
James E. McMillan
Automated court case management systems present opportunities to develop processes and procedures that can battle corruption. This chapter provides... Sample PDF
The Potential of Computerized Court Case Management to Battle Judicial Corruption
$37.50
Chapter 5
Michael Adler, Paul Henman
This chapter considers the implications of computerisation for procedural justice in social security. It outlines an approach to the analysis of... Sample PDF
Justice Beyond the Courts: The Implications of Computerisation for Procedural Justice in Social Security
$37.50
Chapter 6
Melissa H. Conley Tyler
Every community—whether physical or virtual will inevitably experience conflict. New ways of interacting through information and communication... Sample PDF
Online Dispute Resolution
$37.50
Chapter 7
E-Justice in Spain  (pages 98-116)
Agustí Cerrillo I Martínez
Administration of justice is adding information and communication technologies in its internal operations and its relations both with judicial... Sample PDF
E-Justice in Spain
$37.50
Chapter 8
Francesco Contini, Antonio Cordella
The Italian judiciary is characterised by a weak system of governance, consequence of institutional and cultural factors. In this framework, the... Sample PDF
Italian Justice System and ICT: Matches and Mismatches Between Technology and Organisation1
$37.50
Chapter 9
Roberto Fragale Filho, Alexandre Veronese
It has become commonplace to talk about a silent revolution in the Brazilian Judiciary for which the widespread use of ICT has been of great impact.... Sample PDF
Electronic Justice in Brazil
$37.50
Chapter 10
J. William Holland
This chapter outlines the history of digital government in criminal justice, starting with the Johnson Administration’s findings concerning... Sample PDF
Digital Government and Criminal Justice
$37.50
Chapter 11
Sandra Potter, Phil Farrelly, Derek Begg
This chapter tracks the response of Australian courts to rapid advances in ICT. It shows how, despite early resistance and a reactive approach to... Sample PDF
The E-Court Roadmap: Innovation and Integration An Australian Case Study
$37.50
Chapter 12
Yves Poullet
This chapter examines the ambitious Phenix project, a global project for the whole computerization of all Courts and Tribunals in Belgium, with the... Sample PDF
The Belgian Case: Phenix or How to Design E Justice Through Privacy Requirements and in Full Respect of the Separation of Powers
$37.50
Chapter 13
Alexei Trochev
When the Internet reached Russia in the mid- 1990s, Russian judicial chiefs actively embraced the idea of having a solid presence of national... Sample PDF
Courts on the Web in Russia
$37.50
Chapter 14
Anne Wallace
A 1999 Australian report on the prospective impact of information and communications technology on the justice system presented a vision of how... Sample PDF
E-Justice: An Australian Perspective
$37.50
About the Contributors