Administration of justice is adding information and communication technologies in its internal operations and its relations both with judicial operators and citizens in Spain. The chapter describes the Spanish institutional framework characterized by the plurality of actors with competences in the administration of justice and the lack of mechanisms of coordination among them. Then, it sets out the different applications of ICTs within administration of justice, classified into four categories: treatment of information, management of judicial files, relations between judicial operators, and decision making. The analysis of such applications focuses on Spanish administration of justice. The chapter finally shows the impact of Spanish institutional framework of justice in the development of e-justice.
Institutional Precedents Of E-Justice In Spain
The development of e-justice does not simply imply modernising administration of justice and the use of information and communication technologies to link judicial operators (judges, lawyers, prosecutors, etc.). To boost e-justice, it is necessary to both incorporate and spread the use of technology in administration of justice, and this should also be accompanied by innovation in the organisation and changes in the law.1
In the following pages, institutional precedents of e-justice in Spain will be described which, as we shall see, are based on a complex institutional system characterised by the involvement of a wide range of people and agencies (General Council of the Judiciary, Ministry of Justice, and Autonomous Communities with competences in matters of justice) and legislation which has gradually evolved over the years to support the use of electronic media in the administration of justice.