Learning Managemnt Systems: An Overview and Roadmap of the Systematic Application of Computers in Education
William R. Watson (Indiana University, USA), Sunnie Lee (Indiana University, USA) and Charles M. Reigeluth (Indiana University, USA)
Copyright: © 2007
This chapter discusses learning management systems (LMS) as a technology necessary for supporting the educational needs of the information age. It defines LMS and argues that the move from the mechanistic, sorting-oriented paradigm of the industrial age to the customized, learning-oriented paradigm of the information age requires the application of LMSs to succeed. The history of LMS is presented and the definition further clarified by comparing and contrasting LMS with course management systems (CMS), learning content management systems (LCMS) and learning objects. Several major K-12 LMSs are presented, evaluated, and their features compared. Finally, the current trends of LMS are discussed, and goals for further development are offered. A better understanding of LMS, its role in the new paradigm, and the areas where it needs to improve and continue to grow are essential to improving the effectiveness of education in the information age.