Learning to Use IT in the Workplace: Mechanisms and Masters

Learning to Use IT in the Workplace: Mechanisms and Masters

Valerie K. Spitler (Independent Researcher, USA)
Copyright: © 2007 |Pages: 32
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-926-7.ch013
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Abstract

Fluency with information technology (IT), defined as “an ability [to use information technology] to express [oneself] creatively, to reformulate knowledge and to synthesize new information” (Committee on Information Technology Literacy, 1999, p. ES1) is an important concern for those who manage workers with jobs that require the use of IT. Training is one mechanism to build fluency, but research about “influential individuals” hints that other mechanisms might also play a role. This article presents an interpretive case study of junior-level knowledge workers at a management consulting firm. To learn to use the IT of their jobs, these workers relied not only on formal training, but also on on-the-job learning through experimentation; reading books, manuals and online help; and social interaction with their peers. The researcher identified different types of “master users” who were indispensable for this learning to take place. The findings of this study suggest that managers and researchers interested in training users also devote attention to these other mechanisms for learning, especially the “master user” phenomenon. “Fluency with information technology… entails a process of lifelong learning in which individuals continually apply what they know to adapt to change and acquire more knowledge to be more effective at applying information technology to their work and personal lives.” (Committee on Information Technology Literacy, 1999, pp. ES1-2)

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Table of Contents
Acknowledgments
Mo Adam Mahmood
Chapter 1
Barbara Marcolin, Nicole Coviello, Roger Milley
As business models evolve to integrate technology with organizational strategy and marketing, the application of Web technology to facilitate... Sample PDF
Assesing Web-Enabled Interactivity: An Audit Tool
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Chapter 2
Tor J. Larsen, Øystein Sorebo
Examining Internet use among employees, this research investigated the theoretical proposition that personal IT innovativeness will positively... Sample PDF
The Impact of Personal Innovativeness on the Use of the Internet Among Employees at Work
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Chapter 3
Qingxiong Ma, Liping Liu
The technology acceptance model (TAM) stipulates that both perceived ease of use (PEOU) and perceived usefulness (PU) directly influence the end... Sample PDF
The Role of Internet Self-Efficacy in Acceptance of Web-Based Electronic Medical Records
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Chapter 4
Ji-Ye Mao, Bradley R. Brown
This study investigates the effectiveness of online task support (the wizard type in particular) relative to instructor-led training, and explores... Sample PDF
The Effectiveness of Online Task Support vs. Instructor-Led Training
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Chapter 5
Abbas Foroughi, William Perkins, Leonard M. Jessup
The growing globalization of business is making face-to-face communications, decision-making, and negotiations more the exception than the rule.... Sample PDF
A Comparison of Audio-Conferencing and Computer Conferencing in a Dispersed Negotiation Setting: Efficiency Matters!
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Chapter 6
Gregory E. Truman
Our research objectives are to provide a theoretical discussion on how software may impact user performance in ways contrary to designers’... Sample PDF
Software Use Through Mnoadic and Dyadic Procedure: User-Friendly or Not-So-Friendly?
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Chapter 7
Shouhong Wang
Commercialized business application software packages have been widely used to implement business information systems. In order to determine whether... Sample PDF
Business Software Specifications for Consmers: Toward a Standard Format
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Chapter 8
Sunil Hazari
Information security is usually considered a technical discipline with much attention being focused on topics such as encryption, hacking... Sample PDF
Perceptions of End Users on the Requirements in Personal Firewall Software: An Exploratory Study
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Chapter 9
Michael B. Knight, J. Michael Pearson
As the changing demographics of the workplace influence how organizations operate, the need to reexamine relationships between these demographic... Sample PDF
The Changing Demographics: The Diminishing Role of Age and Gender in Computer Usage
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Chapter 10
Panagiotis Kanellis, Ray J. Paul
In its formative years and during the 1990s, Global Energy PLC (GE)1 went through a series of structural changes precipitated by the deregulation of... Sample PDF
Users Behaving Badly: Phenomena and Paradoxes from an Investigation into Information Systems Misfit
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Chapter 11
Marie-Claude Boudreau, Larry Sligman
It has been argued that simple conceptualizations of usage are inadequate for understanding and studying use of complex information technologies. In... Sample PDF
Quality of Use of a Complex Technology: A Learning-Based Model
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Chapter 12
Keith S. Horton, Rick G. Dewar
This chapter asks how people can be assisted in learning from practice, as a basis for informing future action, when configuring information... Sample PDF
Learning from Patterns During Information Technology Configuration
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Chapter 13
Valerie K. Spitler
Fluency with information technology (IT), defined as “an ability [to use information technology] to express [oneself] creatively, to reformulate... Sample PDF
Learning to Use IT in the Workplace: Mechanisms and Masters
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