Measuring the Efficiency of Free and Open Source Software Projects Using Data Envelopment Analysis

Measuring the Efficiency of Free and Open Source Software Projects Using Data Envelopment Analysis

Stefan Koch (Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration, Austria)
Copyright: © 2007 |Pages: 22
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-210-7.ch002
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Abstract

In this chapter, we propose for the first time a method to compare the efficiency of free and open source projects, based on the data envelopment analysis (DEA) methodology. DEA offers several advantages in this context, as it is a non-parametric optimization method without any need for the user to define any relations between different factors or a production function, can account for economies or diseconomies of scale, and is able to deal with multi-input, multi-output systems in which the factors have different scales. Using a data set of 43 large F/OS projects retrieved from SourceForge.net, we demonstrate the application of DEA, and show that DEA indeed is usable for comparing the efficiency of projects. We will also show additional analyses based on the results, exploring whether the inequality in work distribution within the projects, the licensing scheme or the intended audience have an effect on their efficiency. As this is a first attempt at using this method for F/OS projects, several future research directions are possible. These include additional work on determining input and output factors, comparisons within application areas, and comparison to commercial or mixed-mode development projects.

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Table of Contents
Foreword
Diomidis Spinellis
Acknowledgment
Sulayman K. Sowe
Chapter 1
Martin Michlmayr, Gregorio Robles, Jesus M. Gonzalez-Barahona
Most libre (free, open source) software projects rely on the work of volunteers. Therefore, attracting people who contribute their time and... Sample PDF
Volunteers in Large Libre Software Projects: A Quantitative Analysis Over Time
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Chapter 2
Stefan Koch
In this chapter, we propose for the first time a method to compare the efficiency of free and open source projects, based on the data envelopment... Sample PDF
Measuring the Efficiency of Free and Open Source Software Projects Using Data Envelopment Analysis
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Chapter 3
Michael Weiss, Gabriella Moroiu
The goal of this chapter is to document the evolution of a portfolio of open source communities. These are communities formed around a set of... Sample PDF
Ecology and Dynamics of Open Source Communities
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Chapter 4
Andrew Schofield, Grahame S. Cooper
The role of online communities is a key element in free and open source software (F/OSS) and a primary factor in the success of the F/OSS... Sample PDF
Perceptions of F/OSS Community: Participants' Views on Participation
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Chapter 5
Ruben van Wendel de Joode, Hans de Bruijn, Michel van Eeten
Open source communities bring together a dispersed collection of people, sometimes a large number of them, around the development of open source... Sample PDF
Software Development and Coordination Tools in Open Source Communities
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Chapter 6
Anas Tawileh, Omer F. Rana, Wendy Ivins, Stephen McIntosh
This chapter investigates the quality issues of the free and open source software (F/OSS) development processes. It argues that software developed... Sample PDF
Evidence-Based Assurance to Support Process Quality in the F/OSS Community
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Chapter 7
Benno Luthiger, Carola Jungwirth
This chapter explains why software users have good reasons to trust in the quality of OSS, even if they might have internalised the rule “If... Sample PDF
The Chase for OSS Quality: The Meaning of Member Roles, Motivations, and Business Models
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Chapter 8
Walt Scacchi
This study examines the development of open source software supporting e-commerce (EC) or e-business (EB) capabilities. This entails a case study... Sample PDF
Understanding the Development of Free E-Commerce/E-Business Software: A Resource-Based View
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Chapter 9
Kris Ven, Dieter Van Nuffel, Jan Verelst
Several public administrations (PA) have expressed an increasing interest in open source software in the past few years and are currently migrating... Sample PDF
The Migration of Public Administrations Towards Open Source Desktop Software: Recommendations from Research and Validation through a Case Study
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Chapter 10
Francesco Di Cerbo, Marco Scotto, Alberto Sillitti, Giancarlo Succi, Tullio Vernazza
The introduction of a GNU/Linux-based desktop system in a large company is often problematic. In literature, several crucial issues represent such a... Sample PDF
Toward a GNU/Linux Distribution for Corporate Environments
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Chapter 11
Donald Wynn Jr.
This study examines the concept of an ecosystem as originated in the field of ecology and applied to open source software projects. Additionally, a... Sample PDF
Assessing the Health of an Open Source Ecosystem
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Chapter 12
Graham Morrison
The majority of open source projects fail. This chapter presents one such project as a case study, written from the perspective of the sole... Sample PDF
The Rise and Fall of an Open Source Project: A Case Study
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About the Contributors