Medical technology has been rapidly growing over the last decades. It is characterized by a constant flow of innovations and a high level of research and development. Many medical and biomedical devices have changed dramatically the way that medicine diagnoses and treats human disease, such as getting three-dimensional images of the internal human body. This chapter describes medical and biomedical devices, the regulatory framework about them, as well as the most active areas of research of medical technology. It also discusses the future trends of the medical industry and biosciences that constantly provide new possibilities of improving health care and patient quality of life.