Meta-Analysis Research on Virtual Team Performance
Ying-Chieh Liu (Chaoyang University of Technology, Taiwan), Janice Burn (Edith Cowan University, Australia) and Susan Stoney (Edith Cowan University, Australia)
Copyright: © 2008
The results from prior studies on the effectiveness of virtual teams (VTs) are ambiguous and show that few studies have built upon previous findings to build a substantiated body of work. In this article, the authors attempt to remedy this by performing a meta-analysis on VT research. Powell et al.’s (2004) framework of VTs is used as a prototype and twelve variables and their relationships identified as the basis for this study. Twenty empirical studies are identified and used to validate the variables statistically. From this, seven variables are preserved and form the final framework. Future research directions and managerial implications are explained.
Key Terms in this Chapter
Meta-Analysis: A set of statistical procedures designed to accumulate experimental and correlational results across independent studies that address related sets of research questions.
Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC): Computer-mediated communication, for example, through use of a package such as Blackboard or simply by using e-mails.
Virtual Teams (VTs): A team with a small group of people who work through computer communication technology for a specific purpose, normally without face-to-face meetings
Collaboration: Working in conjunction with another or others to finish the tasks.
Virtual Team Performance: The quality and effectiveness of execution of tasks by VTs.
Cohesion: “A dynamic process that is reflected in the tendency for a group to collaborate and remain united in the pursuit of its instrumental objectives and/or for the satisfaction of member affective needs.