A Mobile Computing Framework for Passive RFID Detection System in Healthcare

A Mobile Computing Framework for Passive RFID Detection System in Healthcare

Masoud Mohammadian (University of Canberra, Australia) and Ric Jentzsch (Compucat Research Pty Ltd., Australia)
Copyright: © 2009 |Pages: 18
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-298-5.ch015
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The cost of health care continues to be a world wide issue. Research continues into ways and how the utilization of evolving technologies can be applied to reduce costs and improve patient care, while maintaining patient’s lives. To achieve these needs requires accurate, near real time data acquisition and analysis. At the same time there exists a need to acquire a profile on a patient and update that profile as fast and as possible. All types of confidentiality need to be addressed no matter which technology and application is used. One possible way to achieve this is to use a passive detection system that employs wireless radio frequency identification (RFID) technology. This detection system can integrate wireless networks for fast data acquisition and transmission, while maintaining the privacy issue. Once this data is obtained, then up to date profiling can be integrated into the patient care system. This article discussed the use and need for a passive RFID system for patient data acquisition in healthcare facilities such as a hospital. The development of profile data is assisted by a profiling intelligent software agent that is responsible for processing the raw data obtained through RFID and database and invoking the creation and update of the patient profile.
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Health is on everyone’s agenda whether they are old or young. Millions of hours of lost time is recorded each week by employers’ whose staff are in need of health care. It is and has been known that more research into applications and innovative architectures is needed. To this end the use of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), a relatively new technology and is showing itself to be a viable and promising technology as an aid to health care (Finkenzeller, 1999; Glover & Bhatt, 2006; Hedgepeth, 2007; Lahiri, 2005; Schuster, Allen, & Brock, 2007; Shepard, 2005). This technology has the capability to penetrate and add value to nearly every area of health care. It can be used to lower the cost of some services as well as improving service to individuals and the health care provider. Although many organizations are developing and testing the possible use of RFIDs, the real value of RFID is achieved in conjunction with the use of intelligent software agents. Thus the issue becomes the integration of these two great technologies for the benefit of assisting health care services.

To begin with, let us look at data collection. In health care, we can collect data on the patients, doctors, nurses, institution itself, drugs and prescriptions, diagnosis, and many other areas. It would not be feasible to do all of these nor would all of these be able to effectively use RFID. Thus for our perspective we will concentrate on a subset with the understanding that all areas could, directly or indirectly, benefit from the use of RFID and intelligent software agents in a health care and hospital environment.

In this research, we begin to look at the architecture of integrating intelligent software agents technology with RFID technology, in particular in managing patients’ health care data in a hospital environment.

An intelligent software agent can continuously profile a patient based on their medical history, current illness, and on going diagnostics. The RFID provides the passive vehicle to obtain the data via its monitoring capabilities. The intelligent software agent provides the active vehicle in the interpretation profiling of the data and reporting capacity. There are certain data that is stored about each patient in a hospital. The investigation of this data provides an analysis that describes the patient’s condition, is able to monitor their status, and cross reflect on why the patient was admitted to the hospital. Using this information an evolving profile of each patient can be constructed and analysed.

Using the data and analysis this will allow us to assist in deciding what kind of care he/she requires, the effects of ongoing care, and how to best care for this patient using available resources (doctors, nurses, beds, etc.) for the patient. The software agent is used to build a profile of each patient as they are admitted to the health care institution. Although not shown in the illustration, an additional profile for each doctor can be developed that practices in the hospital can be developed. If this is done, then the patient and doctor profile can be correlated to obtained the availability of the best doctor to suit the patient. However, this will require an additional data repository, as shown in Figure 1.

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Olaf Diegel
Judith Symonds, John Ayoade, David Parry
Chapter 1
Chin Boo Soon
This chapter describes the history and development of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID). Key information on RFID such as the ratification of the... Sample PDF
Radio Frequency Identification History and Development
Chapter 2
John Garofalakis, Christos Mettouris
The continuous evolution of wireless technologies has made them ideal for use in many different applications, including user positioning. Until now... Sample PDF
Using Bluetooth for Indoor User Positioning and Informing
Chapter 3
John Ayoade, Judith Symonds
Standards organisations such as EPC Global work to provide global compatibility between RFID readers and tags (EPCGlobal, 2007). This is essential... Sample PDF
RFID for Identification of Stolen/Lost Items
Chapter 4
Filippo Gandino, Erwing Ricardo Sanchez, Bartolomeo Montrucchio, Maurizio Rebaudengo
This chapter deals with the use of RFID technology for improving management and security of agri-food products. In order to protect health and to... Sample PDF
RFID Technology for Agri-Food Tracability Management
Chapter 5
Lena Mamykina, Elizabeth Mynatt
In the last decade, novel sensing technologies enabled development of applications that help individuals with chronic diseases monitor their health... Sample PDF
Interpreting Health and Wellness Information
Chapter 6
Bryan Houliston
Hospitals are traditionally slow to adopt new information systems (IS). However, health care funders and regulators are demanding greater use of IS... Sample PDF
RFID in Hospitals and Factors Restricting Adoption
Chapter 7
David Parry, Judith Symonds
Radio-frequency Identification (RFID) offers a potentially flexible and low cost method of locating objects and tracking people within buildings.... Sample PDF
RFID and Assisted Living for the Elderly
Chapter 8
Ashir Ahmed, Ly-Fie Sugianto
This chapter introduces an activity-based framework for the adoption of radio frequency identification (RFID) in emergency management. The framework... Sample PDF
RFID in Emergency Management
Chapter 9
Bin Shen, Yu-Jin Zhang
This chapter is concerned with online object tracking, which aims to locate a given object in each of the consecutive frames. Many algorithms have... Sample PDF
Subsequence-Wise Approach for Online Tracking
Chapter 10
John Ayoade
The aim of Fixed-Mobile Convergence (FMC) is to provide both fixed-line and mobile telephony services to users through the same handset which could... Sample PDF
From Fixed to Mobile Convergence
Chapter 11
Sarita Pais, Judith Symonds
RFID tags can store more data and can update this data through local processing. This is in contrast to the EPC global standard of data-on-network.... Sample PDF
Handling RFID Data Using a Data-on-Tag Approach
Chapter 12
Maryam Purvis, Toktam Ebadi, Bastin Tony Roy Savarimuthu
The objective of this research is to describe a mechanism to provide an improved library management system using RFID and agent technologies. One of... Sample PDF
An Agent-Based Library Management System Using RFID Technology
Chapter 13
Tommaso Di Noia, Eugenio Di Sciascio, Francesco Maria Donini, Michele Ruta, Floriano Scioscia, Eufemia Tinelli
We propose a novel object discovery framework integrating the application layer of Bluetooth and RFID standards. The approach is motivated and... Sample PDF
Semantic-Based Bluetooth-RFID Interaction for Advanced Resource Discovery in Pervasive Contexts
Chapter 14
Indranil Bose, Chun Wai Lam
Radio frequency identification (RFID) has generated vast amounts of interest in the supply chain, logistics, and the manufacturing area. RFID can be... Sample PDF
Facing the Challenges of RFID Data Management
Chapter 15
Masoud Mohammadian, Ric Jentzsch
The cost of health care continues to be a world wide issue. Research continues into ways and how the utilization of evolving technologies can be... Sample PDF
A Mobile Computing Framework for Passive RFID Detection System in Healthcare
Chapter 16
Masoud Mohammadian, Ric Jentzsch
When dealing with human lives, the need to utilize and apply the latest technology to help in saving and maintaining patients’ lives is quite... Sample PDF
Intelligent Agents Framework for RFID Hospitals
Chapter 17
David Wyld
We are in the midst of what may become one of the true technological transformations of our time. RFID (radio frequency identification) is by no... Sample PDF
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Technology
About the Contributors