Mobile Technology in a Developing Context: Impacts and Directions for Nursing

Mobile Technology in a Developing Context: Impacts and Directions for Nursing

Pammla Petrucka (University of Saskatchewan, Canada), Sandra Bassendowski (University of Saskatchewan, Canada), Thomas F. James (Apogia Networks, Ltd., Canada), Hazel Roberts (Government of St. Kitts-Nevis, Ministry of Health, St. Kitts-Nevis) and June Anonson (University of Saskatchewan, C)
Copyright: © 2009 |Pages: 17
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-234-3.ch005
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Abstract

This chapter presents the imperatives of mobile technologies in healthcare as these impact (or potentially) impact on development. It presents the contextual overview in development of the diffusion, penetration, and uptake of health-related mobile technologies. A consideration of the roles and responsibilities of the diaspora in the embracing of information and communication technologies is emphasized. The emphasis is on the impact of technologies, generally, and mobile technologies, specifically, in the global health context. The authors provide key exemplars of mobile technologies in development to increase understanding and demonstrate promising practices in this emergent field.
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Chapter Overview

The goal of the chapter is to highlight the need for increased emphasis on nursing informatics as integral to quality of care and quality of work life in developing countries. The chapter will focus on the social and socio-technical considerations as these relate to the appropriation and utilization of information and communication technologies ICTs by nurses in select developing contexts. The topics will be framed within the relevant content on the current state in developing nations on technologies, generally, and mobile technologies (i.e., cellular phones, personal digital assistants), specifically. The issues, challenges, and opportunities related to technical capacities, human resources, and systemic limitations within the developing context will be presented. Further, the chapter will present critical issues on the social, cultural, and gender considerations as these pertain to nursing informatics in furthering the development agenda. Special attention will be given to the role of nursing informatics in achieving, monitoring, and evaluating the Millennium Goal agenda (World Health Organization [WHO], 2003). The chapter will include examples and promising practices of nursing informatics from developing countries’ perspectives, including a case study of the “Linkage for Education and Research for Nurses (LeaRN): A Caribbean Exemplar”. The final elements of the chapter will include a vision for future direction, research, and globalization of nursing informatics.

In accordance with the definition of the Nursing Informatics Special Interest Group:

Nursing informatics is the integration of nursing, its information, and information management with information processing and communication technology, to support the health of people world wide. International Medical Informatics Association-Nursing Informatics2definition, adopted August 1998, Seoul, Korea

This definition reminds us that there is an imperative for nurses to consider information and communication technologies (ICTs) and informatics as critical aspects of the global health care environment. Hence, this chapter is committed to a consideration of nursing informatics in an international context, generally, and a developing context, specifically. As health related ICTs and informatics are being increasingly integrated and supported in the Western world, there is an imperative to understand the implications and potentials within the developing context.

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Technologies In The Global Context

Technology is said to be at the heart of progress. It is important to understand the role which technologies play within development and within health care. However, this understanding is only possible, if we understand the role and function of technologies globally.

According to Alan Gelb, Chief Economist of the World Bank, technology is a critical determinant of sustainable growth and poverty reduction, as much of the socio-economic progress of recent years has been due to technology (World Bank, 2008). Despite this rapid technological progress in the developing context, there still remains a significant technology gap (a.k.a. digital divide). So where are the inequities? And what has contributed to perpetuation of these inequities?

Penetration of Technical

Achievement Correlates with

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Foreword
Peter J. Murray
Preface
Bettina Staudinger
Acknowledgement
Chapter 1
Wanda Sneed
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A Treatise on Rural Public Health Nursing
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Chapter 2
Elfriede Fritz, Daniela Deufert, Johannes Hilbe
Experience in nursing practice shows that, in Austria, there are still problems with assessment in computer-based nursing documentation. Nursing... Sample PDF
Assessment in a Computer-Based Nursing Documentation
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Chapter 3
Dawn Dowding, Rebecca Randell, Natasha Mitchell, Rebecca Foster, Valerie Lattimer, Carl Thompson
Increasingly, new and extended roles and responsibilities for nurses are being supported through the introduction of clinical decision support... Sample PDF
Clinical Decision Support Systems in Nursing
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Chapter 4
Jerono P. Rotich
This chapter will give an overview of the healthcare-related challenges that most newcomer immigrants and refugees encounter as they acculturate... Sample PDF
Culturally Sensitive Healthcare for Newcomer Immigrants
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Chapter 5
Pammla Petrucka, Sandra Bassendowski, Thomas F. James, Hazel Roberts, June Anonson
This chapter presents the imperatives of mobile technologies in healthcare as these impact (or potentially) impact on development. It presents the... Sample PDF
Mobile Technology in a Developing Context: Impacts and Directions for Nursing
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Chapter 6
Kenric W. Hammond, Charlene R. Weir, Efthimis N. Efthimiadis
Computerized patient care documentation (CPD) is a vital part of a Patient Care Information System (PCIS). Studying CPD in a well-established PCIS... Sample PDF
Nursing Documentation in a Mature EHR System
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Chapter 7
Sisira Edirippulige, Anthony C. Smith, Mark Bensink, Nigel R. Armfield, Richard Wootton
Nurses play a pivotal role in the provision of healthcare. Home telehealth, the use of information and communication technologies to deliver and... Sample PDF
Nurses and Telehealth: Current Practice and Future Trends
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Chapter 8
Mary D. Oriol, Gail Tumulty
This chapter presents a theoretical framework and research base for the successful transition of an established Master of Science in Nursing program... Sample PDF
Successful Online Teaching and Learning Strategies
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Chapter 9
Virginia Plummer
This chapter is about the major policy issue of nursing resource allocation for hospitals. Health service executives have different views about... Sample PDF
Shaping Funding Policy for Nursing Services
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Chapter 10
Elizabeth M. Borycki, Andre W. Kushniruk, Shigeki Kuwata, Hiromi Watanabe
A range of new technologies/information systems are increasingly being used by nurses in healthcare organizations. These technologies/information... Sample PDF
Simulations to AssessMedication Administration Systems
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Chapter 11
Peter Jones
This chapter explores the potential of a conceptual framework – Hodges’ model – both as a socio-technical structure and means to explore such... Sample PDF
Socio-Technical Structures, 4Ps and Hodges' Model
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Chapter 12
Beth Perry Mahler, Margaret Edwards
Teaching nursing online requires teachers to purposefully use strategies that facilitate the development of virtual learning communities. The... Sample PDF
Strategies for Creating Virtual Learning Communities
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Chapter 13
Roberta Cuel, Roberta Ferrario
In this chapter a case study is presented, in which the ethnomethodological approach is used to analyze the impact of the implementation of an... Sample PDF
The Impact of Technology in Organizational Communication
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Chapter 14
Boris A. Kobrinsky, Nikolay V. Matveev
Telemedicine, or distant medical consultations using communication via electronic networks, is gradually becoming a standard of medical care... Sample PDF
The Roles of a Nurse in Telemedical Consultations
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Chapter 15
Daniel Carbone
The purpose of this chapter is to broadly discuss the need for enhanced evidence-based medicine (EBM) by nurses in the context of rural Australia... Sample PDF
The Role of EBM and Nursing Informatics in Rural Australia
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Chapter 16
Maureen Farrell
The use of mobile technologies in nursing education is rapidly increasing. Handheld computers are the most frequently used of these technologies as... Sample PDF
Use of Handheld Computers in Nursing Education
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Chapter 17
Elizabeth Rogerson, Linda Martindale, Carolyn Waltz
This chapter addresses issues relating to nursing informatics as used and applied in nursing education. This includes the use of information... Sample PDF
Using Information Technology in Nursing Education
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About the Contributors