The rapid adoption of broadband communications technology, coupled with ever-increasing capacity-to-price ratios for data storage, has made multimedia information increasingly more pervasive and accessible for consumers. As a result, the sheer volume of multimedia data available has exploded on the Internet in the past decade in the form of Web casts, broadcast programs, and streaming audio and video. However, indexing, search, and retrieval of this multimedia data is still dependent on manual, text-based tagging (e.g., in the form of a file name of a video clip). However, manual tagging of media content is often bedeviled by an inadequate choice of keywords, incomplete and inconsistent terms used, and the subjective biases of the annotator introduced in his or her descriptions of content adversely affecting accuracy in the search and retrieval phase. Moreover, manual annotation is extremely time-consuming, expensive, and unscalable in the face of ever-growing digital video collections. Therefore, as multimedia get richer in content, become more complex in format and resolution, and grow in volume, the urgency of developing automated content analysis tools for indexing and retrieval of multimedia becomes easily apparent.