Natural Language Parsing: New Perspectives from Contemporary Biolinguistics

Natural Language Parsing: New Perspectives from Contemporary Biolinguistics

Pauli Brattico (University of Jyväskylä, Finland) and Mikko Maatta (University of Helsinki, Finland)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-246-6.ch007
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Automatic natural language processing captures a lion’s share of the attention in open information management. In one way or another, many applications have to deal with natural language input. In this chapter the authors investigate the problem of natural language parsing from the perspective of biolinguistics. They argue that the human mind succeeds in the parsing task without the help of languagespecific rules of parsing and language-specific rules of grammar. Instead, there is a universal parser incorporating a universal grammar. The main argument comes from language acquisition: Children cannot learn language specific parsing rules by rule induction due to the complexity of unconstrained inductive learning. They suggest that the universal parser presents a manageable solution to the problem of automatic natural language processing when compared with parsers tinkered for specific purposes. A model for a completely language independent parser is presented, taking a recent minimalist theory as a starting point.
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In linguistics, as in the field of parsing technologies mentioned above, there are basically two different perspectives one can assume. First, one can concentrate on the detailed description of a specific language. There are around 6000 languages spoken around the world, each with its own intricate rules of construction, vocabulary, and stylistic rules (Comrie, 2001; Greenberg, 1963). Each individual grammar can be further dissolved into several interacting levels, such as semantics, syntax, morphology, morphosyntax, phonology and phonetics. It is thus possible to develop specialized grammatical systems, specialized scientific techniques, and nomenclature for the description of different languages and their subcomponents. The first attempts in this direction were made already two thousand years ago, as in the case of Panini’s grammar for Sanskrit. Moreover, such descriptions can achieve considerable precision due to the fact that the different levels of human language consist of smaller units that are put together according to well-defined, combinatorial rules.

Some 50 years ago linguists studying natural language grammars began to pursue a different track. Instead of developing new technologies and methods for the description of individual languages and their subcomponents, they studied the method 2-4-year old children use in order to break the code of their own native language. It is well-known that this happens effortlessly, without much linguistic input or cognitive sophistication, and in effect in a couple of years (Chomsky, 1969; Graffi, 2001; Marcus, 1993; Moro, 2008; Pinker, 1994). When the problem is set this way, it becomes feasible to find out the cognitive representational apparatus that the child uses when acquiring and using her own language(s).

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Chapter 1
Teemu Saarelainen
The amount of information surrounding us is ever increasing. Usable information is our most valuable asset both in our professional and personal... Sample PDF
Open Formats, Open Information and Future Trends in Software Engineering
Chapter 2
Chia-Chu Chiang
Documents are perfectly suited for information exchange via the Internet. In order to insure that there are no misunderstandings, information... Sample PDF
Engineering Information Into Open Documents
Chapter 3
Dwayne Rosenburgh
This chapter presents a look at the decision-making methods used by real-life, collegial, high-achieving, technical teams and organizations. One may... Sample PDF
Decision-making as a Facilitator of High-achievement in Non-hierarchical Technical Environments
Chapter 4
Khaled Ahmed Nagaty
The purpose of this chapter is to discuss the relationship between three entities: hierarchical organization, information management and human... Sample PDF
Hierarchical Organization as a Facilitator of Information Management in Human Collaboration
Chapter 5
Christine B. Glaser, Amy Tan, Ahmet M. Kondoz
Managing information collaboratively in an open and unbounded environment without an information management application influenced and challenged... Sample PDF
An Intelligent Information Management Tool for Complex Distributed Human Collaboration
Chapter 6
Lobna Hsairi, Khaled Ghédira, Adel M. Alim, Abdellatif BenAbdelhafid
In the age of information proliferation, openness, open information management, interconnectivity, collaboration and communication advances... Sample PDF
R2-IBN: Argumentation Based Negotiation Framework for MAIS-E2 model
Chapter 7
Pauli Brattico, Mikko Maatta
Automatic natural language processing captures a lion’s share of the attention in open information management. In one way or another, many... Sample PDF
Natural Language Parsing: New Perspectives from Contemporary Biolinguistics
Chapter 8
Sune Lehmann
A network structure of nodes and links is an informative way to study information systems. The network representation is valuable because it encodes... Sample PDF
Structures in Complex Bipartite Networks
Chapter 9
Juha Kesseli, Andre S. Ribeiro, Matti Nykter
In this chapter the authors study the propagation and processing of information in dynamical systems. Various information management systems can be... Sample PDF
Measuring Information Propagation and Processing in Biological Systems
Chapter 10
Yacine Benahmed, Sid-Ahmed Selouani, Habib Hamam
In the context of the prodigious growth of network-based information services, messaging and edutainment, we introduce new tools that enable... Sample PDF
Natural Human-System Interaction Using Intelligent Conversational Agents
Chapter 11
Marko Helén, Tommi Lahti, Anssi Klapuri
The purpose of this chapter is to introduce tools for automatic audio management. The authors present applications which are already available for... Sample PDF
Tools for Automatic Audio Management
Chapter 12
Susmit Bagchi
Due to the advancement of hardware technologies and mobile communication systems, the mobile devices are transforming into multimedia devices... Sample PDF
PUM: Personalized Ubiquitous Multimedia
Chapter 13
Edgar Jembere, Matthew O. Adigun, Sibusiso S. Xulu
Human Computer Interaction (HCI) challenges in highly dynamic computing environments can be solved by tailoring the access and use of services to... Sample PDF
Personalisation in Highly Dynamic Grid Services Environments
Chapter 14
Josef Makolm, Silke Weiss, Doris Ipsmiller
Efficient and effective knowledge management plays an increasingly important role in knowledge intensive organizations. The research project... Sample PDF
DYONIPOS: Proactive Support of Knowledge Workers
Chapter 15
Juhana Kokkonen
In this chapter the open-source based collaboration model of Finnish Wikipedia is examined from the perspective of user culture, which is the... Sample PDF
User Culture, User-System Relation and Trust – The Case of Finnish Wikipedia
Chapter 16
Cristina Melchiors, Lisandro Zambenedetti Granville, Liane Margarida Rockenbach Tarouco
The use of information management tools in open and unbounded operational environments demands an efficient and robust communication infrastructure... Sample PDF
P2P-Based Management of Collaboration Communication Infrastructures
Chapter 17
John Tsiligaridis
The problem of server performance in a contemporary, rapidly developed and multi-discipline environment is examined. Multiple requests in a very... Sample PDF
A Framework for Semi-Autonomous Servers in the Wireless Network Environment
Chapter 18
Rakesh Biswas, Kevin Smith, Carmel M. Martin, Joachim P. Sturmberg, Ankur Joshi
This chapter discusses the role of open health information management in the the development of a novel, adaptable mixed-platform for supporting... Sample PDF
Open Information Management in User-driven Health Care
Chapter 19
Michael Losavio, Adel Elmaghraby, Deborah Keeling
The global interconnected information space offers unprecedented ways of accessing and analyzing information. New infringements of the rights of... Sample PDF
Information Management: Jurisdictional, Legal and Ethical Factors
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