The New Kid on the Block: A Look at How Geographic Information Systems are Changing the Face of Cancer Research

The New Kid on the Block: A Look at How Geographic Information Systems are Changing the Face of Cancer Research

Jane L. McCall (Baystate Medical Center GIS Program, USA)
Copyright: © 2003 |Pages: 16
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-042-4.ch005
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Abstract

In the last 20 years, Geographic Information Systems (GISs) have had an ever-increasing impact on the course of research and planning in many diverse fields, including geography, geology, environmental studies, business and criminal justice. Relatively recently, health care research, including cancer research, has entered this domain. The rapidly increasing use of GIS in health-care research over the past few years is witnessed by the fact that 63% of papers in literature review for this chapter were written in the last five years, and 35% within the last three years. Epidemiology, the study of disease patterns in human populations according to person, place and time, has been the traditional means of approaching cancer etiology. Combining its tools with those of GIS has enabled researchers to look at the distribution of cancer in new ways and uncover relationships not previously seen with traditional epidemiological methods alone. Through its data integration function, GIS has enabled the use of existing data collected for other purposes to be applied to cancer research. GIS techniques can enhance the visualization of spatial patterns of cancer, examine the contribution of various risk factors for cancer in new ways and allow hypotheses about cancer etiology to be tested in a spatial framework. The purpose of this chapter is to examine the impact of GIS on the direction of cancer research. In doing so, it will consider the application of GIS techniques to research in cancer etiology and compare them to traditional epidemiological methods. Rather than an exhaustive compilation of all the studies in this category, selective examples will be chosen from the literature to illustrate particular applications.

Complete Chapter List

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Table of Contents
Foreword
Ric Skinner
Preface
Omar A. Khan
Acknowledgments
Omar A. Khan
Chapter 1
Gregory Pappas, Mohammod Akhter
In this chapter we discuss the importance of community in public health science and practice. Community is —first and foremost— place. The science... Sample PDF
Race, Class and Place: Directions for the Future of Public Health
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Chapter 2
Samuel Soret, Karl J. McCleary, Patrick A. Rivers, Susanne B. Montgomery
The emerging discipline of health geographics uses the concepts and techniques of medical geography (Meade, Florin & Gesler, 1988) together with... Sample PDF
Understanding Health Disparities through Geographic Information Systems
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Chapter 3
J.ane L. McCall, Amy K. Pasini, Richard B. Wait
This chapter describes two case studies that demonstrate how the technology of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) can be combined with community... Sample PDF
Using a GIS and the American Community Survey to Address Community Health Problems
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Chapter 4
Robert Lipton, D. M. Gorman, Paul Gruenewald
This chapter describes research that uses spatial modeling to address pressing issues related to a public health understanding of alcohol problems... Sample PDF
The Application of Spatial Analysis to the Public Health Understanding of Alcohol and Alcohol-Related Problems
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Chapter 5
Jane L. McCall
In the last 20 years, Geographic Information Systems (GISs) have had an ever-increasing impact on the course of research and planning in many... Sample PDF
The New Kid on the Block: A Look at How Geographic Information Systems are Changing the Face of Cancer Research
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Chapter 6
Scott Carlin
The Huntington Breast Cancer Action Coalition (HBCAC) recently completed a survey of town residents regarding breast cancer. This chapter reviews... Sample PDF
Community Breast Cancer Mapping in Huntington, Long Island
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Chapter 7
Daikwon Han, Peter A. Rogerson
This chapter examines spatio-temporal changes in breast cancer clustering in the Northeastern United States to assess the statistical significance... Sample PDF
Application of a GIS-Based Statistical Method to Access Spatio-Temporal Changes in Breast Cancer Clustering in the Northeastern United States
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Chapter 8
C. L. Vidal-Rodeiro, M. I. Santiago-Perez, E. Vazquez-Fernandez, M. E. Lopez-Vizcaino, X. Hervada-Vidal
The purpose of this chapter is to review and compare two techniques to map the mortality risk of a disease in small geographical areas. The first... Sample PDF
Geographical Analysis of Disease in Small Areas Using Hierarchical Bayesian Models: Mapping Men's Lung Cancer Mortality in Galicia, Spain
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Chapter 9
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner, Cathleen Hanlon
One of the most powerful uses of GIS in the field of public health is as an exploratory data analysis tool. By combining the three post-input... Sample PDF
Using Hierarchical Nearest Neighbor Analysis and Animation to Investigate the Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Raccoon Rabies in West Virginia
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Chapter 10
Michael Emch, Mohammod Ali
This chapter describes the use of disease clustering methods using diarrheal disease data from a rural area of Bangladesh for which the authors... Sample PDF
Spatial Cluster Analysis for Etiological Research and Identification of Socio-environmental Risk Factors
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Chapter 11
Edmund Y.W. Seto, Bing Xu, Weiping Wu, George Davis, Dongchuan Qiu, Xueguang Gu
Despite considerable achievements in the control of schistosomiasis in China, it remains one of the country’s most serious public health problems.... Sample PDF
The Use of GIS and Remote Sensing in Schistosomiasis Control in China
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Chapter 12
M. E. Folkoff, E. A. Venso, D. W. Harris, M. F. Frana, M. S. Scott
This study is only the second to use DNA fingerprinting technology in Maryland to identify fecal coliform sources in order to guide the... Sample PDF
Bacterial Source Tracking of Nonpoint Source Pollution Using GIS and DNA Fingerprinting Technologies
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Chapter 13
Mohammod Ali, Christine Ashley, M. Zahirul Haq, Peter Kim Streatfield
This chapter describes the use of geographic information systems to predict spatial risk of child survival problems in a rural area of Bangladesh.... Sample PDF
Spatial Modeling of Risk Factors for Gender-Specific Child Mortality in a Rural Area of Bangladesh
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Chapter 14
Ge Lin
In this chapter, we examine travel distance and its effect on total and avoidable hospitalizations using data from the capital health region in... Sample PDF
Using GIS to Unveil Distance Effects on Hospitalizations in Victoria
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Chapter 15
Wei Luo, Fahui Wang
This chapter introduces two new GIS-supported methods of measuring accessibility to primary healthcare. The improved floating catchment method... Sample PDF
Spatial Accessibility to Primary Care and Physician Shortage Area Designation: A Case Study in Illinois with GIS Approaches
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Chapter 16
Evan R. Wolarsky
Publicly available data of all hospital discharges has been available since Medicare changed to a case-based reimbursement system. A... Sample PDF
Using GIS with Publicly Available Data for Hospital Market Share Analysis
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Chapter 17
Lars Brabyn, Paul Gower
Accessibility to general practitioners (GPs) is an important health issue that has financial, cultural and geographical dimensions. This chapter... Sample PDF
Mapping Accessibility to General Practitioners
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About the Authors