A New System for the Integration of Medical Imaging Processing Algorithms into a Web Environment

A New System for the Integration of Medical Imaging Processing Algorithms into a Web Environment

José Antonio Seoane Fernández (Artificial Neural Networks and Adaptative Systems Group, Spain & University of Corunna, Spain), Juan Luis Pérez Ordóñez (Center of Medical Informatics and Radiological Diagnosis, Spain & University of Corunna, Spain) and Noha Veiguela Blanco (Artificial Neural Networks and Adaptative Systems Group, Spain)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-002-8.ch022
OnDemand PDF Download:
$37.50

Abstract

This chapter presents an architecture for the integration of various algorithms for digital image processing (DIP) into web-based information systems. The proposed environment provides the development of tools for intensive image processing and their integration into information systems by means of JAVA applets. The functionality of the system is shown through a set of tools for biomedical application. The main feature of this architecture is that it allows the application of various types of image processing, with different computational costs, through a web browser and in a transparent and user-friendly way.
Chapter Preview
Top

Introduction

The rapid advance of the medical imaging field is revolutionizing medicine. Technologies such as computed axial tomography (CT Scan), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Helicoidal CT Scan, and the fusion of CT Scan and positron emission tomography (PET), all provide an effective map of the human anatomy in a non-invasive manner.

Clinical practice usually relies on computing techniques to simplify the diagnosis of the medical expert. Medical imaging is not restricted to the visualization of anatomical structures, it is also used for diagnosis, surgical planning, simulation, radiotherapy planning, etc. These applications enable the clinicians to virtually interact with the anatomical structures and as such achieve the knowledge that enhances their performances. All the aforementioned techniques belong to a discipline known as Digital Image Processing (DIP). Traditionally, the medical DIP applications were carried out in expensive work-stations provided by the CT or PET machine supplier. These kinds of applications have certain drawbacks, such as administration and maintenance, which make them unsuitable for some environments.

The current trend in software development is the creation of applications that can be integrated into a Web environment and enjoy advantages such as placement independence, centralized application maintenance, and the use of firewalls without changing the filter rules. Web applications have proliferated due to their rapid learning and easy use as well as their personalization capability that provides a user-friendly interface. This trend towards Web developments is also being introduced into the medical field, to the detriment of the traditional clinical applications. DIP-related applications have high computational costs and therefore hospitals have to invest heavily in computing equipment in order to provide the clinicians with powerful mainframes. At this point, it seems logical to differentiate between algorithms of low and high computational cost.

It should be borne in mind that, as DIP is not a recent discipline, there exist libraries that include different algorithms for digital image processing. Already implemented algorithms should therefore be reused in new developments.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Common Object Request Broker Architecture: (CORBA): Is a distributed object architecture defined by the Object Management Group. This architecture provides an interface that invokes other CORBA objects across a network.

Client-Server Architecture: The most fundamental distributed architecture. A client-server architecture is simply a client process that request services from a server process.

J2EE: Java 2 Enterprise Edition is a widely used platform for server programming in Java language, used to deploy distributed multi-tier Java software running in an application server. It is also known as Java EE in versions 1.5 and following.

Region Growing: A segmentation technique based on the similarity of adjacent pixels. A region is started with a single pixel (seed pixel) and the adjacent pixels are added to the current region if they are similar to the region.

Digital Imaging and Communication in Medicine: (DICOM): A standard format and application protocol developed by the NEMA (National Electrical Manufacturers Association) to communicate systems over TCP. This protocol allows the integration of PACS, workstations, and TC, MNR, and other image scanners.

Network of Workstations: (NoW): Is a computer network that connects several computer workstations with special software forming a cluster, to act as a distributed supercomputer on a building-wide scale.

.Net Remoting: A distributed-object architecture by Microsoft to develop distributed applications over Microsoft platforms.

Marching Cubes: A computer graphics algorithm for the extraction of a polygonal mesh of a set of volumetric data.

Web Services: Software system designed to support interoperable machine to machine interaction over web. It uses SOAP protocol and XML messages to receive request and offer responses.

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet protocol (TCP-IP): Is the basic family of network protocols for the Internet.

Java Advanced Image (JAI): Is an image-processing toolbox, developed by Sun, that provides an object-oriented interface for the support of high-level programming models that allow images to be easily manipulated in Java applications.

Platform-Independent: An application that can be run on many different server platforms, e.g. Java.

Parallel Virtual Machine: (PVM): Is a software package that allows a heterogeneous collection of computers hooked together by a network to be used as a single large parallel computer.

Picture Archive and Communication System: (PACS): A storage system composed by different computers and networks dedicated to the storage and retrieval of medical images.

SSL: A secure socket layer is a secure protocol that provides secure communication over the internet based on cryptographic techniques. At present it is also known as TLS (Transport Layer Security)

Complete Chapter List

Search this Book:
Reset
Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Preface
Athina A. Lazakidou
Acknowledgment
Athina A. Lazakidou
Chapter 1
Sanjay P. Sood, Sandhya Keeroo, Victor W.A. Mbarika, Nupur Prakash, Ankur Seth
It is claimed that seeds of ‘medical informatics’ were sown in 1960s.From this time until the 1990s experts have described the discipline as... Sample PDF
Medical Informatics: Thirty Six Peer-Reviewed Shades
$37.50
Chapter 2
D. John Doyle
E-health technology has started to become commonplace in the clinical world, with practitioners setting up their own Web sites to disseminate... Sample PDF
Medical Privacy and the Internet
$37.50
Chapter 3
Ana Ferreira, Ricardo Cruz-Correia, Luís Antunes, David Chadwick
This chapter reports the authors’ experiences regarding security of the electronic medical record (EMR). Although the EMR objectives are to support... Sample PDF
Security of Electronic Medical Records
$37.50
Chapter 4
György Surján
This chapter outlines the history of medical classifications in a general cultural context. Classification is a general phenomenon in science and... Sample PDF
The Cultural History of Medical Classifications
$37.50
Chapter 5
Spyros Kitsiou
A fundamental requirement for achieving continuity of care is commonly accepted to be the integration and interoperability of different clinical... Sample PDF
Overview and Analysis of Electronic Health Record Standards
$37.50
Chapter 6
Graham D. Bodie, Mohan J. Dutta, Ambar Basu
This chapter overviews an integrative model of e-health use that connects social disparities at the population level with individual characteristics... Sample PDF
The Integrative Model of E-Health Use
$37.50
Chapter 7
Firat Kart
In this chapter we describe a distributed e-healthcare system that uses service oriented architecture as a basis for designing, implementing... Sample PDF
A Distributed E-Healthcare System
$37.50
Chapter 8
Davor Mucic
In this chapter the author gives the short review over wide range of telepsychiatry applications. Furthermore, describes completely new and... Sample PDF
Telepsychiatry Within European E-Health
$37.50
Chapter 9
Azizah Omar
In this chapter the author discusses several marketing principles and issues related to pitfalls and successes of Telehealth application in the case... Sample PDF
Pitfalls and Successes of a Web-Based Wellness Program
$37.50
Chapter 10
Isabel de la Torre Díez
This chapter describes a Web -based application to store and exchange Electronic Health Records (EHR) and medical images in Ophthalmology... Sample PDF
A Web-Based Application to Exchange Electronic Health Records and Medical Images in Ophthalmology
$37.50
Chapter 11
Mario Ceresa
This chapter mainly focuses on biomedical knowledge representation and its use in biomedicine. It first illustrates the existent more relevant... Sample PDF
Clinical and Biomolecular Ontologies for E-Health
$37.50
Chapter 12
Roger Tait, Gerald Schaefer
The registration of corresponding patient volumes is often a pre-requisite for medical imaging tasks. Accurate alignment, however, usually results... Sample PDF
Distributed Medical Volume Registration
$37.50
Chapter 13
Bill Ag. Drougas
Internet today is one of the most useful tools for information, education and business or entertainment. It is one of the modern technology tools... Sample PDF
Electronic Commerce for Health Products Services-Problems- Quality and Future
$37.50
Chapter 14
Christos Bountis
This chapter introduces and reviews the concept of distributed knowledge management within the Healthcare environment and between Healthcare and... Sample PDF
Distributed Knowledge Management in Healthcare
$37.50
Chapter 15
Jelena Vucetic
This paper describes business and technological challenges and solutions for a successful emergency telemedicine venture called MediComm. Its... Sample PDF
An Analysis of a Successful Emergency Telemedicine Venture
$37.50
Chapter 16
Tammara Massey, Foad Dabiri, Roozbeh Jafari, Hyduke Noshadi, Philip Brisk, Majid Sarrafzadeh
This chapter introduces reconfigurable design techniques for light-weight medical systems. The research presented in this chapter demonstrates how... Sample PDF
Reconfigurable Embedded Medical Systems
$37.50
Chapter 17
Konstantinos Perakis
The evolutions in the field of telecommunications technologies, with the robustness and the fidelity these new systems provide, have significantly... Sample PDF
Third Generation (3G) Cellular Networks in Telemedicine: Technological Overview, Applications, and Limitations
$37.50
Chapter 18
Anton V. Vladzymyrskyy
This chapter introduces usage of telemedicine consultations in daily clinical practice. Author has describe process of teleconsultation, sample... Sample PDF
Telemedicine Consultations in Daily Clinical Practice: Systems, Organisation, Efficiency
$37.50
Chapter 19
Cheon-Pyo Lee, J. P. Shim
Ubiquitous healthcare has become possible with rapid advances in information and communication technologies. Ubiquitous healthcare will bring about... Sample PDF
Ubiquitous Healthcare: Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) in Hospitals
$37.50
Chapter 20
Rafael Capilla, Alfonso del Río, Miguel Ángel Valero, José Antonio Sánchez
This chapter deals with the conceptualization, design and implementation of an m-health solution to support ubiquitous, integrated and continuous... Sample PDF
Agile Patient Care with Distributed M-Health Applications
$37.50
Chapter 21
Žilbert Tafa
This chapter describes the very actual issues on mobile health (M-H) and home care (H-C) telecare systems, reviewing state of the art as well as... Sample PDF
Mobile Health Applications and New Home Care Telecare Systems: Critical Engineering Issues
$37.50
Chapter 22
José Antonio Seoane Fernández, Juan Luis Pérez Ordóñez, Noha Veiguela Blanco
This chapter presents an architecture for the integration of various algorithms for digital image processing (DIP) into web-based information... Sample PDF
A New System for the Integration of Medical Imaging Processing Algorithms into a Web Environment
$37.50
Chapter 23
Daniel Welfer
This chapter discusses the concept of open-source picture archiving and communication systems (i.e. PACS), which are low cost, and easy to... Sample PDF
PACS Based on Open-Source Software Components
$37.50
Chapter 24
Carolin Kaiser
This chapter introduces a case based reasoning (CBR) system for customizing treatment processes. The CBR system enables the generating of inpatient... Sample PDF
Case Based Reasoning for Customizing Treatment Processes
$37.50
Chapter 25
I. Apostolakis, A. Chryssanthou, I. Varlamis
A significant issue in health related applications is protecting a patient’s profile data from unauthorized access. In the case of telemedicine... Sample PDF
A Holistic Perspective of Security in Health Related Virtual Communities
$37.50
Chapter 26
Stamatia Ilioudi
This chapter aims to present various virtual learning environments for medical purposes in the world. More than ever, medical students and... Sample PDF
Virtual Learning Environments in Health
$37.50
Chapter 27
Jelena Vucetic
In the last decade, advances in medicine, telemedicine, computer technologies, information systems, Web applications, robotics and... Sample PDF
Multimedia Distance Learning Solutions for Surgery
$37.50
Chapter 28
Maria Andréia F. Rodrigues
This chapter shows how recent computing technologies such as collaborative virtual environments, high speed networks and mobile devices can be used... Sample PDF
Collaborative Virtual Environments and Multimedia Communication Technologies in Healthcare
$37.50
Chapter 29
Tiffany A. Koszalka, Bradley Olson
A major issue facing medical education training programs across the USA is the recent advent of universal mandatory duty hour limitations and the... Sample PDF
Transforming a Pediatrics Lecture Series to Online Instruction
$37.50
Chapter 30
Anastasia N. Kastania, Stelios Zimeras
In this chapter the authors investigate telehealth quality and reliability assurance. Various models and standards can be applied to assess software... Sample PDF
Quality and Reliability Aspects in Telehealth Systems
$37.50
Chapter 31
Kleopatra Alamantariotou
Recent statistics show that the World Wide Web has now grown to over 100 million sites: a phenomenal expansion in only 15 years (Mulligan 2007). It... Sample PDF
Quality of Health Information on the Internet
$37.50
Chapter 32
Kashif Hussain
This chapter provides a practical approach to computerized system validation (CSV) for the pharmaceutical organizations for the users dealing with... Sample PDF
A Practical Approach to Computerized System Validation
$37.50
Chapter 33
Bill Ag Drougas, Maria Sevdali
Ergophysiology as a division of the Physiology and helps us today to understand what happens in the human body and movement and how we are able to... Sample PDF
Organization and Evaluation of Experimental Measurements of Ergophysiological Data with the Method of SF12V2
$37.50
Chapter 34
Daniele Apiletti
Current advances in sensing devices and wireless technologies are providing a high opportunity for improving care quality and reducing the medical... Sample PDF
Ubiquitous Risk Analysis of Physiological Data
$37.50
Chapter 35
Manfred Doepp
In our energy diagnostic department we noticed more and more cases with irrational stimulus-reaction- patterns and with a chaotic regulation state... Sample PDF
Chaotization of Human Systems by Technical Electromagnetic Fields
$37.50
Chapter 36
Mary Schmeida, Ramona McNeal
This chapter is an analysis of demographic variables influencing policy outcomes with online health information searches in the general U.S. public.... Sample PDF
Demographic Differences in Telehealth Policy Outcomes
$37.50
About the Contributors