This chapter explores the value and strategies of online group leadership through a review of published research literature. We examine the philosophies that underpin online groupwork, the tasks that learners engage in and the skills of online instructors and students. Concepts of self-direction and depth of learning are central to the discussion. Leadership styles, social roles, relationships and norms, and the effects of tools and media are all considered, in the context of a range of factors that impact on group dynamics. The chapter concludes with a summary of findings concerning the leadership value of online instructors and students, which is intended to further the understanding and professional development of all online educators.