Education is associated with standardization – determining how learning should occur and for what students, is the essence of education from the perspective of those who administer educational programs. The administration of education also requires the consideration of roles, whether of content developer, tester, lecturer, manager, or something else (Rada, 2001). What has happened historically as regards standardization and roles in education, and how does this relate to the impact of online education?
Main Focus: Standardization And Roles
Throughout the history of education, standardization of teaching and learning has become more and more systematic; however, the role of the teacher has essentially remained the same. Information technology and online education have significantly increased automation and changed the traditional teacher.
Key Terms in this Chapter
Facilitator: Someone who skillfully helps a group of people understand their common objectives and assists them to plan to achieve them without taking a particular position in the discussion.
Automation: The technique, method, or system of operating or controlling a process by highly automatic means, as by electronic devices, reducing human intervention to a minimum.
Professional Mode: Professionals in the operating core (e.g. doctors, professors) rely on roles and skills learned from years of schooling and indoctrination to coordinate their work.
Role: The actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person.
Standardization: The imposition of standards which, in turn, are fixed ways of doing things that are widely recognized.
Manufacturing Mode: Technocrats standardize procedures and outputs. Online: Connected by computer to one or more other computers or networks, as through a commercial electronic information service or the Internet.