What Orders Reality: Relationship, Relatives, and Relations

What Orders Reality: Relationship, Relatives, and Relations

Azamat Abdoullaev (EIS Encyclopedic Intelligent Systems Ltd, Cyprus)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-966-3.ch005
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Abstract

To model reality by mapping its content to computable forms, we need to know how to represent the first-class entities of any existence, relationships, the adhesive of the world. Both human and machine understanding of the universe, its parts and realms, consists in knowing the cardinal relationships and underlying rules and making valid inferences from them. The Semantic Web ontology is often identified with a schema defining relationships between different resources. For instance, the OWL markup language is supposed to specify the types of relationships represented in RDF language employing an XML vocabulary, with a view to determine the relationships (and hierarchies) among diverse Web data resources identified by URI. And the formal specification of relationships determines the meaning (semantics) of knowledge domains, and the universality and credibility of any ontology, its rigor, cogency, validity, and richness, come from the capacity to fully describe all the possible types of relationships in a domain of knowledge or practice. Without a systematic theory of relations, it hardly is possible to form a universal account (language or theory) describing reality, its entity classes, properties, individuals with their particular properties, on which human or machine reasoning has to take place.

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Dedication
Table of Contents
Acknowledgment
Chapter 1
Azamat Abdoullaev
Today, computers anchored to electronic measuring devices, transducers, and telemetric systems are increasingly transforming into worldwide... Sample PDF
Introduction: Toward the Intelligent Civilization of Ontological Technology
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Chapter 2
Azamat Abdoullaev
As a general science of the universe dealing with the most universal truths about all existence, an account of what there is in the world and the... Sample PDF
Ways to View the World: A Standard Ontology as the Reality Framework and the World Code
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Chapter 3
Azamat Abdoullaev
Formalizing the world in rigorous mathematical terms is no less significant than its fundamental understanding and modeling in terms of ontological... Sample PDF
The World Code: Mathematical Ontology as the Real Road to Reality
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Chapter 4
Azamat Abdoullaev
The ultimate purpose of standard ontology is to describe and represent all the things in the world in comprehensive and consistent ways, whereby... Sample PDF
What Makes Reality: Ontological Classes and Rules
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Chapter 5
Azamat Abdoullaev
To model reality by mapping its content to computable forms, we need to know how to represent the first-class entities of any existence... Sample PDF
What Orders Reality: Relationship, Relatives, and Relations
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Chapter 6
Azamat Abdoullaev
Relationship as a primary constituent of reality setting a mutual order of things in the world commonly involves a large number of the terms or... Sample PDF
What Organizes the World: N-Relational Entities
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Chapter 7
Azamat Abdoullaev
The world or reality is the totality of things diversified into a multitude of collections of subworlds with the characteristic constraints and... Sample PDF
What Determines the World: Causality as the Life-or-Death Relationship
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Chapter 8
Azamat Abdoullaev
Along with substances of all kinds, states of all manner, and changes of all types and exemplifications, relationships of all sorts and instances... Sample PDF
How to Reason about the World: The Common Reasoning Platform
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Chapter 9
Azamat Abdoullaev
How reality or the world with its parts and levels might be truly symbolized and represented by emerging semantic technology and knowledge systems... Sample PDF
How the World is Signified: Real World Semantics, or What Meaning Relation is
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Chapter 10
Azamat Abdoullaev
As far as human knowledge about the world is commonly given in NL expressions and as far as universal ontology is a general science of the world... Sample PDF
How to Represent the World: Ontology-Controlled Natural Languages
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Chapter 11
Azamat Abdoullaev
Of all possible intelligent NL applications and semantic artifacts, a special value is today ascribed to building the question answering systems... Sample PDF
Natural Language Intelligences: The Virtual or Digital Aristotle
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Chapter 12
Azamat Abdoullaev
Like in the human mind marked by rationality, goals, and purposeful actions, knowledge in advanced computer systems and intelligent agents is... Sample PDF
The Knowledge Society Applications: The RRR Language Machines
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Chapter 13
Azamat Abdoullaev
The urgent necessity of a true knowledge society is mainly caused by the fact that the natural unity of world knowledge is badly destroyed by the... Sample PDF
Reality Classification System: A Product Line of the EIS UFO
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About the Author