Ergophysiology as a division of the Physiology and helps us today to understand what happens in the human body and movement and how we are able to create models and methodologies to understand these mechanisms especially when we recognize something different and or any disability. Focuses on the human Biokinetics and the ability of the human body to create movement with various mechanisms and methods. These mechanisms are Biological, Chemical and Physical mechanisms and is the most important part of the human body and life. There are many problems today existed from various internal or external conditions and parameters for the human movement. If we’ll recognize these problems we will be able to create methodologies to work in to serious scientific directions to help these people. These problems sometimes are very big and very important for the daily person’s life especially with the existence of various other pathological problems in to the modern environment. Many of these problems give us informations about the personal kinetic ability status of any person. With the application of this statistical method of SF12V2 we are able organize and select a lot of personal information from different persons and to recognize different problems in to their own daily life. There are a numerous of recognized similar problems today about the daily kinetics ability level in to different ages. We can recognize the personal health level and the kinetics ability of different persons with some statistical tools and methods. One of these tools is the SF12V2 statistical method. This is a very important tool to organize the selected data from various individuals and to take informations about their health and kinetics ability level using simply ergophysiological research methodologies. This one helps us to recognize every parameter in to the personal daily life activities and work inside or outside their family life or in to their job.Asking people we can take much information about their kinetic ability and their health level. The importance of this method is that the SF12V2 tool helps us to organize the answers for any similar existed problem and also to organize the experimental measurements of other Ergophysilogical data. SF12V2 helps us to recognize problems in to any level age or to search for individuals with any personal disability or any kinetic problem. In this chapter we analyze the special and newest methods used from the SF12V2 tools as we worked in the last year in Greece to recognize different problems in to many individuals. This Statistical methodology is very simple but still with a lot of different applications such as the Ergophysiology and the different levels of health.
The Sort Form - SF36 questions method is a statistical methodology to select scientific informations directly from the persons who are participated in to the research and firstly used in the United States of America between 1970’s and 1980’s for the adults health research. This method of analyzing different selected data is very useful in to many applications in the division of the public health. Today is a very important research and statistical tool officially in to more than 50 countries worldwide and have the official trade mark of quality of the IQOLA (Health Related Quality of Life). Past research methodologies were the official tools that created from Stewart and Ware in the 1992 with 40 different health meanings representing 149 different questions. This number of questions was very big not only for the researcher but also for any individual participating in the research. So just a little later in 1998 established another more simple tool with 36 questions in to only 8 health meanings.
Two years later resented the SF36V2 which is a newest tool after the simply SF36 cutting the 25% from the first questions (Sevdali M. and Petropoulou M. 2004). The philosophy of research by the SF is to recognize the answers between 0 and 100. When the score from the answers is less than 50 the individual’s health level is very low (www.sf36.com)and if the score is over 50 the individual’s personal health level is good. There are today many publications about the SF (Hurst N.P., Lambert C.M., Forbes J., Lochhead A.,Majior k., Lock P 2000) One of the most complete indepented accounts of the development of the SF36 along with a critical commentary offered from Mc Dowell and Newell (Mc Dowell and Newell 1996)
Key Terms in this Chapter
The Sort Form - SF36: The SF36 as a statistical instrument to recognize the level of the public health. Is a number of different questions method and statistical methodology to select scientific informations directly from the persons who are participated in to the research and firstly used in the United States of America between 1970’s and 1980’s for the adults health research. This method of analyzing different selected data is very useful in to many applications in the division of the public health. The SF36 is a multipurpose, short-form health survey with only 36 questions. It yields an 8 scale profile of functional health and well-being scores as well as psychometrically – based physical and mental health summary measures and a preference-based health unity index. It is a generic measure, as opposed to one that targets a specific age, disease, or treatment group.
IQOLA: Means Health Related Quality of Life. This is to recognize the level of quality of personal life of different persons and ages.
SF12V2: Is an important statistical tool which focuses in to some vital groups of questions with different level of answers which are able to give us infromations about the health level of any individual. Especially in the field of the experimental measurements of the Ergophysiology the SF12V2 tool give us many infromations about any activities in the daily or the work and social life of one person. This helps us to create directions, politics and methodologies to help these people in to his/her home with simple exercises and methodologies with the affiliation of the special scientists. This is the newest tool of the SF36 Statistical tools.
Biokinetics: Is an integral part of the multidisciplinary sports medicine approach. This profession utilises physical activity as the primary therapeutic modality in preventative health care and improvement of physical condition, as well as final phase rehabilitation for cardiac, orthopaedic, and chronic disease population groups. Biokineticists perform a comprehensive, functional assessment on each patient and then prescribe scientifically based exercise programmes based on their evaluation findings. These findings determine whether the patient has poor cardiovascular and respiratory function, muscle weakness or imbalances, inflexibility or instability or poor neuromuscular co-ordination. The word Biokinetics is taken from the Greek word “BIOS” which means “life” and “KINESIS” which means “movement”. In other words the maintenance of quality of life through use of physical activity.
Ergophysiology Mechanism: Energy metabolism and muscular work. Energy sources, reserves and replenishment. Special features of the different types of muscle fibbers. Anaerobic, aerobic exercise, lactate threshold. Exercise and disuse induced adaptations to the cardiovascular, the hormonal and neuromuscular systems. Thermoregulation. Basics of nutrition.
Ergophysiology: Is a scientific part of the Physiology science which focuses on the human Biokinetics and the ability of the human body to create movement with various mechanisms and methods. These mechanisms are Biological, Chemical and Physical mechanisms and is the most important part of the human body and life.