Patient Confidentiality

Patient Confidentiality

Andrew Curtis (Louisiana State University, USA) and Michael Leitner (Louisiana State University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-756-0.ch008
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Abstract

Different governmental agencies have long stored information in restricted-access databases. The advent of online data entry and analysis, and subsequent distribution of data to the public, has created a need for a more rigid set of visualization rules that preserve individual confidentiality. For example, when crime data are disseminated to the public in the form of crime maps via the Internet, law enforcement agencies have to balance between citizens’ rights to know the dangers they face in their neighborhoods, while at the same time preserving the confidentiality rights of the victim. Similarly, in health data it is important to know which “risks” pregnant mothers face in particular neighborhoods, while preserving the actual birth outcomes of women living in those neighborhoods. An ex-graduate student of mine, who currently works for the Office of Public Health (OPH) in Baton Rouge, recently asked for a copy of the original paper on which this chapter is based. Her role in the OPH was as a GIS specialist with a particular emphasis on bioterrorism. The problem that she and the rest of OPH faced was how to publish information on the public’s health on a Web site, while at the same time preserving patient confidentiality.

Complete Chapter List

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Dedication
Table of Contents
Acknowledgments
Chapter 1
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
During a seminar presentation to the Geography and Anthropology Faculty at Louisiana State University, a series of summary statistics were presented... Sample PDF
Explaining the Geography of Infant Health
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Chapter 2
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
One of the purposes of this book is to introduce community health groups to the potential of GIS, a technology that can help in understanding the... Sample PDF
An Introduction to GIS (All Things Data)
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Chapter 3
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
The last chapter provided an introduction to two of the key components in a GIS: getting the data in, and then manipulating them to answer... Sample PDF
An Introduction to GIS (All Things Spatial)
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Chapter 4
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
This book has so far provided an introduction to GIS in terms of its use as part of a community health program. Subsequent chapters will describe a... Sample PDF
The Geography of Health Risks
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Chapter 5
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
n the opening chapters, GIS was broken into four general components, one of which was the spatial analysis of data. This is probably the least... Sample PDF
GIS and Spatial Analysis: Keeping It Simple
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Chapter 6
Advanced Spatial Analysis  (pages 174-202)
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
The last chapter presented several ideas of how to perform relatively simple forms of spatial analysis. Many of these approaches, though insightful... Sample PDF
Advanced Spatial Analysis
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Chapter 7
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
Four years have been spent analyzing infant health data for Baton Rouge. As with working with any dataset, one gets a feel for the data. One such... Sample PDF
Spatial/Temporal Stability in Neighborhoods of Risk: The Mobility of Mothers
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Chapter 8
Patient Confidentiality  (pages 224-244)
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
Different governmental agencies have long stored information in restricted-access databases. The advent of online data entry and analysis, and... Sample PDF
Patient Confidentiality
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Chapter 9
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
I recently gave a presentation to an Introduction to Gender and Minority Studies class at Louisiana State University. This was an interesting... Sample PDF
Creating the Baton Rouge Healthy Start GIS
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Chapter 10
Andrew Curtis, Michael Leitner
By the title you might think this chapter is a departure from the general theme of this book. I beg your indulgence as I plead my case, because... Sample PDF
Bioterrorism, Pregnancy, and Old White Men
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Chapter 11
Jackie Mills
The previous chapters have provided a background in factors related to infant and maternal health and the various ways these individual and... Sample PDF
Rural Health Issues and Their Investigation in a GIS Environment
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About the Authors