Recent news reports ranging from national network broadcasts to traditional academic research journals have reported on the growth and ease of cheating in America’s classrooms. While teachers at all levels should become more knowledgeable on how to recognize plagiarized work, higher education can take a lead and educate future teachers, current teachers, and college faculty on plagiarism detection and prevention. In fact, some scholars challenge faculty to better understand plagiarism and how and when it occurs and further, to pass on that understanding to students through better constructed assignments which discourage plagiarism (Jeffes & Janosik, 2002; Kennedy, 2004).
Key Terms in this Chapter
Academic Honor Code: A set of rules and/or standards that exemplify an institution’s ethics and ideals. The code includes expectations that the rules/standards be followed, violating the code can result in suspension or expulsion from the institution.
Academic Integrity: The moral and ethical expectation that any person(s) at an institution uphold that institution’s rules, ideals, and standards, including but not limited to upholding integrity through honesty, behavior, and work.
Plagiarism: The act of copying words, ideas, and works of another and claiming such as one’s own work, a form of cheating.
Copyright: Protection for original works of authorship including literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works.
Plagiarism Detection Software: Software which may be off-the-shelf, an Internet download, or Web delivered, which assists in detecting similarity in text, repeated words and phrases, and copied works.y
Fair Use: Allows limited use of copyrighted works without the permission of the owner for certain teaching and research purposes. Criteria, including consideration of purpose, amount used, and intent of use, must be met in order to meet fair use.