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E-Planning

Copyright © 2007. 5 pages.
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DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-789-8.ch106
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MLA

Silva, C. N. "E-Planning." Encyclopedia of Digital Government. IGI Global, 2007. 703-707. Web. 26 Oct. 2014. doi:10.4018/978-1-59140-789-8.ch106

APA

Silva, C. N. (2007). E-Planning. In A. Anttiroiko, & M. Malkia (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Digital Government (pp. 703-707). Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference. doi:10.4018/978-1-59140-789-8.ch106

Chicago

Silva, C. N. "E-Planning." In Encyclopedia of Digital Government, ed. Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko and Matti Malkia, 703-707 (2007), accessed October 26, 2014. doi:10.4018/978-1-59140-789-8.ch106

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Abstract

E-planning is the e-government concept applied to urban and regional planning. It is the widespread use of information and communication technologies (ICTs), especially the Internet, in the planning system. A planning portal is the access point in the Internet, frequently in the context of a public digital city project. E-planning allows the municipality to carry out a new set of activities or to implement traditional procedures in a new form, due to geographical information systems, computer aided design and database systems, among other tools mentioned, for example, in Mohamed, Meng, and Abdullah (2003), Budthimedhee, Li, and George (2002), Campagna and Deplano (2004), and Harrison and Haklay (2002). E-planning corresponds, therefore, to the passage from a paper-based urban management system to one based primarily on electronic means of information and communication. But it must be seen as more than a simple transfer to a computer system of the traditional paper based routines (Mohamed et al., 2003; Parsol, 2004), requiring also the re-engineering of procedures, the development of a fully integrated ICT back office and, as Harrison et al. (2002) suggest, changes in the nature of the planning process itself. The aims of e-planning, such as more generally all the other components of e-government (for example, OECD, 2003; Pascual, 2003), are to provide better public services, more efficiently, with lower costs and, at the same time, to do that through more participative, transparent and more accountable decision-making processes. In its more basic level, the e-planning system only offers information and is, therefore, easier to implement. In its more advanced versions, where all or most of the planning services are delivered electronically, its implementation and daily management is not only a more complex task but it also involves more investment, as Couclelis (2004) notes for digital cities. According to the standards of e-Europe, the European Union (EU) initiative for the information society (CEC, 2000, 2002), the availability of public services online can be measured in relation to a framework of four levels of e-government maturity (CEC, 2004). Applying this scheme to the planning sector, we can consider that the first level—information—consists only in the publication of digital information through the Internet, with few or no capacities to interact. In the second level of maturity—interaction—users of the system can communicate directly with the planning department by electronic mail (one-way interaction); it is possible to download planning applications, for example. In the third level—transaction—users and the planning department communicate electronically with each other (two-way interaction); it is possible to process planning applications and to authenticate them. In the fourth level—integration—there is a full electronic handling of all planning functions.
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Complete Chapter List

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Chapter 1
Philip Leith
Public information presumes that the information is somehow public and, presumably, that this can be utilized by members of the public.... Sample PDF
Access to and Use fo Publicly Available Information
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Chapter 2
C. J. Huang
The Internet has emerged as one of the most prevalent forms of communication. The gathering and sharing of electronic information are becoming... Sample PDF
Accessibility of E-Government Web Sites
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Chapter 3
U. Peter
The accessible design of e-government ensures that these offers can also be used by people with disabilities (accessibility). Moreover, experience... Sample PDF
Accessible E-Government through Universal Design
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Chapter 4
A. C. i Martinez
Information in the hands of public administrations plays a fundamental role in developing democracies and carrying out daily tasks—not only the... Sample PDF
Accessing Administration's Information via Internet in Spain
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Chapter 5
P. A. Jennett, E. R. Smith
Canada spans 9,976,140 square kilometers and has an approximate population of 32 million people (Statistics Canada, 2001). More than 90% of Canada’s... Sample PDF
Adopting and Implementing Telehealth in Canada
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Chapter 6
J. Kaaya
New developments in information and communication technologies (ICTs) over the past few decades, especially the establishment of the World Wide Web... Sample PDF
African Regional Case of E-Government
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Chapter 7
M. A. Lassila
The advent of new technologies in organizations has created unprecedented challenges for professionals and managers alike to explore several... Sample PDF
Alive and Interactive through Streaming Media
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Chapter 8
D. Evans
Citizens routinely use technology to increase the efficiency of their transactions in every area of their lives. It is, therefore, logical that... Sample PDF
American E-Government Service Sectors and Applications
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Chapter 9
T. Mullner
E-government forms an essential part of the tendency toward administrative modernization as it embraces the optimization of intra-authority... Sample PDF
Application for Comprehensive E-Government
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Chapter 10
L. Walsh
The following article provides an introductory overview of Extensible Markup Language (XML) and how it may be applied to certain processes of... Sample PDF
The Application of Single-Source Publishing to E-Government
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Chapter 11
G. N.L. Stowers
Electronic commerce, or e-commerce, is simply business that is conducted over the Internet. Government e-commerce applications are those e-commerce... Sample PDF
Applications of E-Commerce in Government
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Chapter 12
Y. Yongling
Geographical information system (GIS) is one kind of information system that handles spatial data. It is difficult to give one definitive definition... Sample PDF
Applications of Geographical Information System in E-Government
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Chapter 13
M. Groothuis
Electronic government is developing throughout Europe. Increasingly, central, regional, and local governments use ICT applications to perform their... Sample PDF
Applying ICTs in Juridicial Decision Making by Government Agencies
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Chapter 14
L. Ariunaa
The open government Web site was initiated and developed under the direct guidance and support of the prime minister of Mongolia in 2002. The... Sample PDF
An Assessment of the Open Government Web Site in Mongolia
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Chapter 15
J. Moon
There has been an explosion in the number of different types of portals in the last decade, and at the same time there has been a lot of confusion... Sample PDF
Assisting Users Seeking Medical Information through Government Portals
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Chapter 16
N. C. Rowe
The World Wide Web quickly evolved as a valuable resource for organizations to provide information and services to users. Much initial development... Sample PDF
Automatedc Content-Management Systems
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Chapter 17
N. V. Findler
Coordination is defined as the process of managing dependencies between activities. Its fundamental components are the allocation of scarce... Sample PDF
Automatic Generation of Theories of Coordination in Multi-Agent Systems
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Chapter 18
H. Kubicek, J. Millard, H. Westholm
The issue of back-office integration has gained increasing importance within the political e-government debate and e-government research, after the... Sample PDF
Back-Office Integration for Online Services between Organizations
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Chapter 19
C. Oberle
Since the late 1990s, commercial use of the Internet has increased. Many schools have started to use this new technology for presentations and have... Sample PDF
Bavarian Secondary Modern Schools
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Chapter 20
F. Amoretti
Electronic democracy refers to the use of information technology (IT) to expedite or transform the idea and practice of democracy. (Street, 2001, p.... Sample PDF
Benchmarking Electonic Democracy
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Chapter 21
H. Druke
The pressure of modernization does not stop at national boundaries—in this respect it is universal and secular. In some regions of the world the... Sample PDF
Best Practices in E-Government
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Chapter 22
M. Hughes
Competitive pressures and improvements in information technology constantly force organisations to re-evaluate their business strategies (Porter... Sample PDF
Business Process Redesign in Implementing E-Governement in Ireland
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Chapter 23
V. Ambriola
Public administration is undergoing a radical transformation. Citizens, rather than administrative documents, will be the primary and active... Sample PDF
Call Centre Evolution in the Digital Government
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Chapter 24
M. Holzer, R. W. Schwester
Cynicism toward government is largely a function of trust and social capital (Berman 1997; Putnam 2000). The relationship between government and its... Sample PDF
Citizen Consultaions via Government Web Sites
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Chapter 25
D. P. Moynihan
If part of the promise of digital government is to enable citizens and businesses to enjoy greater convenience in their interaction with government... Sample PDF
Citizen Participation and Digital Town Hall Meeting
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Chapter 26
A. Schellong
Citizen relationship management (CiRM) refers to a cluster of management practices, channel, and IT solutions that seek to use private sector... Sample PDF
Citizen Relationship Management
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Chapter 27
N. K. Kakabadse, A. Kakabadse, A. Kouzmin
In 1819, Benjamin Constant gave a speech at the Athenee Royal in Paris on how conceptions of liberty changed from the time of the Athenian polis to... Sample PDF
The Civic within the Democratic Project in the Digital Era
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Chapter 28
M. Gasco
As the new UNPAN E-Government Readiness Report (2004) stated, during the last years, governments worldwide have made rapid progress in embracing... Sample PDF
Civil Servants' Resistance towards E-Gopvernment Development
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Chapter 29
Community Networks  (pages 196-200)
R. A. Cropf
Since the emergence of community networks in the 1980s, several authors have put forth a number of different definitions of the concept. The... Sample PDF
Community Networks
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Chapter 30
H. Rahman
The information era refers to a period in this globalized world when economies, social dimensions, and demography are largely dominated and driven... Sample PDF
Community-Based Information Networking in Developing Countries
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Chapter 31
E. Downey
E-government implementation requires public administrators to respond to stakeholder value. While there are many concepts of value in the field of... Sample PDF
A Conceptual Framework for Considering the Value of E-Government
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Chapter 32
S. Soeparman, P Wagenaar
In The Netherlands, police ICT has always mirrored the organization of the police system. Until 1993, the Netherlands had 144 local police forces at... Sample PDF
Concern-Wide Information Management with the Dutch Police
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Chapter 33
J. Becker
For the last couple of years public administrations increasingly face a modernization and performance gap which they try to close by reorganizing... Sample PDF
Configurable Reference Process Models for Public Administration
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Chapter 34
A. Salminen, R. Nurmeksela
The terms electronic government (e-government) and digital government are used to refer to the utilization of the Internet and other information and... Sample PDF
Content Production Strategies for E-Government
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Chapter 35
R. E. Petersen
Continuity of operations (COOP) planning, sometimes referred to as disaster recovery planning, business continuity planning, or business resumption... Sample PDF
Continuity of Operations Planning and E-Government
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Chapter 36
J. Gortmaker
A big challenge for governments from all over the world is to improve the service provisioning to their clients, citizens, and businesses. This is... Sample PDF
Coordinating Cross-Agency Business Processes
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Chapter 37
A. Syvajarvi
Public healthcare is facing huge future challenges in order to deal with rising costs, growing demands of customers, information flow, demographic... Sample PDF
The Core Governmental Perspectives of E-Health
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Chapter 38
H. Ostermann
Regarded from a historical perspective, the appearance of corruption is not a new phenomenon at all. It can be traced back to the ancient... Sample PDF
Corruption, Transparency, and E-Government
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Chapter 39
A. Trochev
When the Internet reached Russia in the mid-1990s, Russian judicial chiefs actively embraced the idea of having a solid presence of national... Sample PDF
Courts on the Web in Russia
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Chapter 40
M. E. Chen, C. K. Davis
The U.S. government is making strides to provide electronic access to government agencies and services. A variety of issues are involved when... Sample PDF
Current Approaches to Federal E-Government
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Chapter 41
Cyber Attacks  (pages 271-276)
N. C. Rowe
Information systems (computers and networks) are increasingly the targets of attacks ranging from vandalism to serious crimes (Richardson, 2003).... Sample PDF
Cyber Attacks
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Chapter 42
J. W. Seifert
A significant amount of attention appears to be focusing on how to better collect, analyze, and disseminate information. In doing so, technology is... Sample PDF
Data Mining and Homeland Security
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Chapter 43
S. Moodley
The post-apartheid South African government has placed ICTs at the centre of the national agenda for social and economic development (Mbeki, 1996... Sample PDF
Deconstructing the South African Government's ICT for Development Discourse
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Chapter 44
M. Ally
As the world becomes mobile, the ability to access information on demand will give individuals a competitive advantage and make them more productive... Sample PDF
Design of Government Information for Access by Wireless Mobile Technology
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Chapter 45
C. Scavo
San Carlos, California (www.cityofsancarlos.org) claims to have developed one of the earliest local government Web sites in the world, posted on May... Sample PDF
Development and Use of the World Wide Web by U.S. Local Governments
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Chapter 46
J. Kaaya
In recent years, a number of authors have reported studies on the emergence and development of digital government or e-government using various... Sample PDF
Development Stages of Digital Government
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Chapter 47
A. Huhtinen
Information warfare (IW) has recently become of increasing importance to the military, the intelligence community, and the business world. The... Sample PDF
Different Types of Information Warfare
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Chapter 48
The Digital Citizen  (pages 315-320)
Z. Papacharissi
The objective of this article is to sketch out the profile of the digital citizen. The premise for this article rests upon utopian views that... Sample PDF
The Digital Citizen
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Chapter 49
F. Hossain
Once properly managed, e-governance can add tremendous dynamism in reforming public administration and can change the mode of interaction between... Sample PDF
Digital Divides and Grassroots-Based E-Government in Developing Countries
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Chapter 50
D. Wheeler
Making the choice to be an Internet society is not a process governed simply by a state’s attitudes towards computers and the data that flows... Sample PDF
Digital Governance and Democratization in the Arab World
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Chapter 51
P. M. Shane
The current flush of worldwide interest in digital government coincides with considerable anxiety, even discontent, with the performance of... Sample PDF
Digital Government and Democratic Legitimacy
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Chapter 52
J. Toland, F. Purcell
All governments face difficulties in trying to ensure the full participation of every citizen. The further a citizen is located from the centre of... Sample PDF
Digital Government in Remote Locations
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Chapter 53
S. Song
Recently, digital government is a prevailing concept in public sectors around the world. Regarding digital governments’ contributions to the... Sample PDF
Digital Government in the USA
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Chapter 54
M. Holzer
The opportunities that arise from the practice of digital government continue to increase. Public managers responsible for adopting and implementing... Sample PDF
Digital Government Online Education for Public Managers
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Chapter 55
A. Y. Ni, A. T. Ho
The word “kiosk” is derived from the Turkish word “kösk,” meaning an open summerhouse or pavilion. Before the arrival of computer technologies, a... Sample PDF
Digital Information Kiosks
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Chapter 56
F. Amoretti
Up to 1980, development, which had been defined as nationally managed economic growth, was redefined as “successful participation in the world... Sample PDF
Digital International Governance
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Chapter 57
P. Cooke
For the first time in history, practically all the information required to navigate the oceans of a globalising knowledge economy are embodied in... Sample PDF
Digital Knowledge Flow Platforms for Regional Innovation Systems
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Chapter 58
P. Danielson
While “digital morality” and “digital ethics” may sound strange, the technologies that drive digital government and democracy operate as well in... Sample PDF
Digital Morality and Ethics
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Chapter 59
Digital Multimedia  (pages 382-386)
N. C. Rowe
Multimedia data can be important assets of government computer systems. Multimedia data can be documents, statistics, photographs and graphics... Sample PDF
Digital Multimedia
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Chapter 60
C. Cunha, G. Voerman
American politics has been at the forefront of World Wide Web use. In the early 1990s political parties and candidates started to employ Web sites... Sample PDF
The Digitalization of the West European Party Systems
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Chapter 61
P. M.A. Baker
The use and deployment of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in the public and private sectors has opened an array of options, best... Sample PDF
Disabilities and the E-Clusive Workspace
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Chapter 62
J. Piecowye
Ranked 26th worldwide and second in the Middle East for its e-government initiative, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Dubai, in particular, is an... Sample PDF
The Dubai E-Government Project
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Chapter 63
X. Dai
As a relatively new feature of the digital revolution in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), e-ASEAN was initiated by the ASEAN... Sample PDF
e-ASEAN and Regional Integration in South East Asia
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Chapter 64
T. R. Roycroft
Market economies rest on a foundation of the private ownership of resources. Certain resources, however, have been managed outside of the market... Sample PDF
E-Auctioning by The U. S. Federal Communications Commission
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Chapter 65
Ecology of E-Governance  (pages 431-436)
S. Sharma
The concept of e-governance in the modern times refocuses on the fundamental role of government as the institution of transformation of society. To... Sample PDF
Ecology of E-Governance
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Chapter 66
S. R. Mena
Countries in Latin America, nongovernmental organisms, private corporations, and international organisms are working on a preliminary phase to... Sample PDF
Ecuador's Experience in E-Governance
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Chapter 67
S. K. Hellsten
A new world governance and economy characterised by globalisation has an increasing emphasis on knowledge and knowledge-transfer as the primary... Sample PDF
E-Democracy and E-Economy in Africa
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Chapter 68
P. J. Smith
This article examines the impact of information and communications technologies (ICTs) on electronic democracy at the local government level. It... Sample PDF
E-Democracy and Local Government - Dashed Expectations
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Chapter 69
M. Henderson, F. Hogarth
The term e-democracy has tended to be used interchangeably in the literature with e-governance or e-government, and these terms have been described... Sample PDF
E-Democracy Policy in Queensland
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Chapter 70
M. J. Sarwar
Numerous factors, like political stability, physical infrastructure, basic healthcare, and so forth influence the extent and speed of social and... Sample PDF
E-Development in Bangladesh
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Chapter 71
H. D. Bruijn
In recent years, there has been a significant rise in “e-enforcement.” E-enforcement is the use of electronic tools in law enforcement. In this... Sample PDF
E-Enforcement in Digital Government
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Chapter 72
J. W. Seifert
The United States is frequently ranked among the most advanced e-government countries in the world (Accenture, 2004; United Nations, 2003; West... Sample PDF
E-Government Act of 2002 in the United States
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Chapter 73
J. Christiansen
This article will introduce the concept of e-government, provide a model and background, and discuss emerging issues. Canadian examples will be... Sample PDF
E-Government and Political Communication in the North American Context
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Chapter 74
M. Blakemore
The modern “risk society” does not necessarily focus on an increase in overall risk to citizens. It is more focused on trying to predict and reduce... Sample PDF
E-Government and the Risk Society
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Chapter 75
K. Culver
E-government has the potential to change fundamentally the organization of governments, and the governance practices used in relations with citizens... Sample PDF
E-Government as a New Frontier for Legal Theory
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Chapter 76
F. Amoretti
The term “e-government” became part of the political vocabulary toward the end of the 1990s. Previously, with the onset of new technologies, it... Sample PDF
E-Government at Supranational Level in the European Union
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Chapter 77
R. Chuanshen
E-government has become a part of our society gradually as a derivative of the current information society. To adapt to international affairs, the... Sample PDF
E-Government Construction and China's Administrative Litigation Act
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Chapter 78
Y. Yongling
Nanhai is a small city which belongs to Foshan City (a district can also be called a city in some cities of China) and lies in the central part of... Sample PDF
E-Government Development in Nanhai City, China
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Chapter 79
B. Ubaldi
While in theory, the benefits of e-government are numerous, global experience to date indicates that in reality they remain much more elusive. Given... Sample PDF
E-Government Development in the Caribbean
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Chapter 80
M. Zuccarini
Information technology is changing the role of government, its functions, and its power. The long process of transformation of public sector... Sample PDF
E-Government Development Trends
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Chapter 81
S. Park
New information and communication technologies (ICTs) enable rapid information flows, which reduce the necessity for face-to-face contacts as well... Sample PDF
E-Government for Building the Knowledge Infrastructure in South Korea
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Chapter 82
E-Government in Shanghai  (pages 536-541)
Y. Chen
Chinese e-government was launched at the beginning of 1990s. It is necessary to develop e-government not only for the appeal of information... Sample PDF
E-Government in Shanghai
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Chapter 83
L. W. Zacher
The information society (IS), which nowadays is the emerging form of the organization of advanced societies (see e.g., Castells, 1996; May, 2002;... Sample PDF
E-Government in the Information Society
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Chapter 84
E-Government in the UK  (pages 548-553)
J. Hudson
Like many of its western counterparts, the United Kingdom (UK) government has a long history of using IT in the administration and delivery of... Sample PDF
E-Government in the UK
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Chapter 85
R. Gatautis
In December of 2002, the Lithuanian government approved the concept of e-government. The objective of the e-government concept is to develop... Sample PDF
E-Government in Transition Economics
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Chapter 86
J. Chappelet
This short article gives an overview of e-government in Switzerland about 10 years after its introduction at the municipal, cantonal and federal... Sample PDF
E-Government Issues in Switzerland
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Chapter 87
F. Robben
The Belgian social security consists on the one hand of three insurance systems (workers, self-employed workers, and civil servants), that cover a... Sample PDF
E-Government Program of the Belgian Social Security
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Chapter 88
s. M. Mutula
Governments in East and Southern Africa, like their counterparts in developing and developed world, are under increasing pressure from donor... Sample PDF
E-Government Readiness in East and Southern Africa
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Chapter 89
E-Government Regimes  (pages 580-587)
F. Amoretti
The internationalization of the reform movement is changing the ways in which governments operate throughout the world (Kettl, 2000). The ICT... Sample PDF
E-Government Regimes
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Chapter 90
K. M.B. Islam
The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) launched the African Information Society Initiative (AISI) in May 1996, which serves as a... Sample PDF
E-Government Strategies for Poverty Reduction in Africa
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Chapter 91
J. Langford
New organizational arrangements are required to underpin emerging public sector service transformation initiatives with a substantial electronic... Sample PDF
E-Government, Service Transformation, and Procurement Reform in Canada
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Chapter 92
D. Casacuberta
When talking about excluded people and how to develop programs towards digital and social inclusion, there has been little research to individuate... Sample PDF
E-Learning as Social Inclusion
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Chapter 93
E-Learning through HCI  (pages 607-614)
C. Ghaoui
E-government is using electronic technology to streamline and/or to improve the business of government and, as a result, to improve its citizens’... Sample PDF
E-Learning through HCI
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Chapter 94
E. Loukis
Public-private partnerships (PPPs) provide an alternative model for producing and delivering public services, both the traditional public services... Sample PDF
Electronic Business Models Design for Public-Private Partnerships
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Chapter 95
R. McNeal, M. Schmeida
With every new election cycle in the United States, there is a call for campaign finance reform. These regulations have come in a variety of forms... Sample PDF
Electronic Campaign Finance Reform in the American States
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Chapter 96
Electronic Governance  (pages 629-633)
M. Finger
Two parallel evolutions are currently challenging the functioning and the legitimation of the traditional nation-state: globalization and the rapid... Sample PDF
Electronic Governance
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Chapter 97
Electronic Government  (pages 634-642)
A. Gronlund
Digital government, electronic government, online government, wired government, virtual government—there are many terms used to refer to the... Sample PDF
Electronic Government
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Chapter 98
D. F. Norris
During the past 10 years or so, governments in the United States have rushed to adopt and implement electronic government or e-government (defined... Sample PDF
Electronic Government at the American Grassroots
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Chapter 99
E. Loukis
Most of the effort of e-government researchers and practitioners today is focused on G2C (government-to-citizen) and G2B (government-to-business)... Sample PDF
Electronic Government-to-Government Collaboration
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Chapter 100
V. Venkatakrishnan
New public management (NPM) conceptualised public administration as a business, to be managed with business-like techniques. Since services had to... Sample PDF
Electronic Service Delivery in the Local Indian Community of Visakhapatnam
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Chapter 101
P. Delwit
Does representative democracy imply that there is … representation? What does one mean by representation? Looked at very generally, it means that... Sample PDF
Electronic Voting in Belgium
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Chapter 102
Electronic Voting Machine  (pages 680-683)
P. R. Santhias, R. Cabral
Electronic voting, as well as Internet voting, is in the process of being incorporated into most democracies in the world. The literature on the... Sample PDF
Electronic Voting Machine
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Chapter 103
L. Carson
Very little has been written about the crucial role of the moderator in public discussion forums or discursive communities. Group theory tends to... Sample PDF
E-Moderation in Public Discussion Forums
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Chapter 104
T. Candia, P. Madsen
Today’s administrative and business environment calls for information sharing on an unprecedented scale, from government to business to citizen.... Sample PDF
Enabling Federated Identity for E-Government
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Chapter 105
M. Francoli
During the last decade, the public policies of many countries have emphasized the need for greater citizen participation in decision-making, and... Sample PDF
E-Participation and Canadian Parliamentarians
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Chapter 106
E-Planning  (pages 703-707)
C. N. Silva
E-planning is the e-government concept applied to urban and regional planning. It is the widespread use of information and communication... Sample PDF
E-Planning
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Chapter 107
M. Gregor
In November 1998, a Czech e-pressure group, Internet proti Monopolu (“Internet Against Monopoly,” or IPM), was founded in order to protest planned... Sample PDF
E-Pressure through Internet against Monopoly
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Chapter 108
E-Rulemaking  (pages 713-717)
C. Coglianese
Throughout the world, governments use regulation to combat monopoly power, protect consumers, and reduce health, safety, and environmental risks.... Sample PDF
E-Rulemaking
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Chapter 109
J. Paynter
Historically, information and services can only be obtained through narrow, one to one, phones, and agency-specific shop fronts (Caffrey, 1998).... Sample PDF
E-Service Provision by New Zealand Local Government
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Chapter 110
R. Melville
E-social policy is an important aspect of the information society development and e-governance agenda (Fitzpatrick, 2000, 2003; Loader, 1998). To... Sample PDF
E-Social Policy and E-Social Service Delivery
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Chapter 111
R. Melville
Online research raises unique ethical concerns (Ess & AoIR, 2002), including the treatment and recruitment of participants, gaining consent... Sample PDF
Ethical Dilemmas in Online Research
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Chapter 112
G. Dodig-Crnkovic
The electronic networking of physical space promises wide-ranging advances in science, medicine, delivery of services, environmental monitoring and... Sample PDF
Ethics and Privacy of Communications in the E-Polis
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Chapter 113
N. Kapucu
The Internet is at once a new communications medium and a new locus for social organization on a global basis. A digital government will allow... Sample PDF
Ethics of Digital Government
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Chapter 114
D. Buhalis
The recent developments in information communication technologies (ICTs) and the emergence of the Internet, in particular, as a mainstream... Sample PDF
E-Tourism and Digital Government
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Chapter 115
L. W. Zacher
Not all transformations of societies are caused by technology or are technology-driven. However, it is evident that technology is an important... Sample PDF
E-Transformation of Societies
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Chapter 116
C. Hunold
According to the European Commission (2003), increased networking of local, regional, and national administrations across the European Union (EU) is... Sample PDF
The European Commission's E-Government Initiatives and Public Participation
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Chapter 117
X. Dai
The European politics of digital convergence has been an important topic for public debate since the early 1990s, when the forces of the digital... Sample PDF
European Politics of Regulating Digital Convergence
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Chapter 118
J. Shahin
The European Union (EU) has been one of the leading lights concerning Internet use in dealing with other public administrations and citizens. This... Sample PDF
The EU's Use of the Internet
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Chapter 119
E. Eyob
The purpose of this article is to survey the financial cost and benefit of e-government and the evaluation methods utilized in the implementation of... Sample PDF
Evaluating Methodologies of Financial Cost and Benefit Aspects of E-Government
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Chapter 120
M. Henderson, F. Hogarth
E-democracy, defined in this chapter as “the use of information and communication technologies in democratic processes,” covers a range of methods... Sample PDF
Evaluation Framework for Assessing E-Democracy Policy
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Chapter 121
D. P. Moynihan
Many aspects of government have seen improvements in reliability, customer interface, speed, and cost as a result of digital innovations. In some... Sample PDF
E-Voting in the United States
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Chapter 122
J. R. Gil-Garcia
Over the last decade, information technologies (IT) have been considered one of the most influential ways to change organizations (Davenport, 1993;... Sample PDF
Exploring E-Government Benefits and Success Factors
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Chapter 123
L. Walsh
This article seeks to provide a brief overview of the current development of digital democracy in Australia, with emphasis on the use of the... Sample PDF
Extending E-Government and Citizen Participation in Australia through the Internet
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Chapter 124
I. Albors
During the 2001-2004 period the main pursuit by the AOC (Administració Oberta de Catalunya or Open Administration of Catalonia) was to create a well... Sample PDF
Facing the E-Government Challenges within Catalonia
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Chapter 125
G. Kebede
Information is a key ingredient in everyday life of the individual and the society at large. Information has become increasingly more important with... Sample PDF
Factors Affecting Access to Electronic Informaitn and Their Implications
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Chapter 126
A. Keskinen, T. Kuosa
The present knowledge era needs new democratic practices. The use of information and communications technology (ICT) has been considered the... Sample PDF
Foundation for Citizen-Oriented E-Governance Models
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Chapter 127
J. Gallo
Surveillance is the act or process of observing, tracking, or recording personal details for the purpose of exercising control over the individual... Sample PDF
From CCTV to Biometrics through Mobile Surveillance
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Chapter 128
L. Lan
Endowed with 5,000 years of ancient tradition and heritage, China is reputed as the single oldest uninterrupted civilization in the world. Ancient... Sample PDF
From E-Government to E-Democracy in China
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Chapter 129
N. Costake
The purpose of the present article is twofold: (a) to support the definitions of e-government (eGvt) and e-governance (eG) based on content (and not... Sample PDF
From E-Government to E-Governance
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Chapter 130
N. Costake
“Digital government” (DG), “online government,” “e-government (eGvt),” and “e-governance (eG)” are widely used terms. They suggest the use of modern... Sample PDF
General Requirements for Digital Government
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Chapter 131
H. Ostermann
Metaphorically, the term benchmarking traces back to land surveying, where a benchmark is referred to as “a mark on a permanent object indicating... Sample PDF
Global Benchmarking of E-Governments
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Chapter 132
K. Geiselhart
The recent advent of Internet technologies has greatly intensified existing globalization processes. The development of full multimedia... Sample PDF
Global Governance as a Complex Adaptive System
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Chapter 133
M. Janssen
In the current economic climate, public administrations are looking for ways to improve their service provision and to increase their efficiency. A... Sample PDF
Governance and Design Issues of Shared Service Centers
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Chapter 134
J. Y. Lee
Korea launched a national e-procurement system on September 30, 2002. The adoption of the e-procurement system in the government of Korea has been... Sample PDF
The Government E-Procurement System in Korea
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Chapter 135
C. G. Reddick
Electronic procurement (e-procurement) is one business-to-government e-commerce venture that can benefit from the Internet. Government e-procurement... Sample PDF
Government E-Procurement through the Internet
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Chapter 136
D. Samuel
Governments provide a wide range of services, and the digital economy provides both threats and opportunities in this sector. The Transport Accident... Sample PDF
A Government Insurer Enters the Brave New World
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Chapter 137
T. Flew
Citizenship has long been connected to communication media. Popular media have been both the relay points between the governing and the governed for... Sample PDF
Historical and Contemporary Perspectives of Media and Citizenship
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Chapter 138
G. P. Patil, R. Modarres
Geoinformatic surveillance for spatial and temporal hot-spot detection and prioritization is crucial in the 21st century. A hot spot may be any... Sample PDF
Hot-Spot Geoinformatics for Digital Governance
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Chapter 139
J. V.D. Heijden
EzGov is a leading company providing online solutions for governments. Ed Trimble, EzGov CEO, states, “He’s doing something that’s changing... Sample PDF
How Business Changes Government in the Information Age
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Chapter 140
B. J. Jansen, A. Spink
People are now confronted with the task of locating electronic information needed to address the issues of their daily lives. The Web is presently... Sample PDF
How People Search for Governmental Information on the Web
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Chapter 141
K. W. Sandberg, Y. Pan
News reports do not frequently mention many problems or accidents caused by human error. The specialty of human factors seeks to avoid human error... Sample PDF
Human Factors in Public Information Systems
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Chapter 142
M. Falch
A substantial part of the economic growth that has taken place within the past 2 decades is related to information and communication technology... Sample PDF
ICT as an Example of Industrial Policy in EU
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Chapter 143
U. Averweg, S. Manyanga
The availability of publicly accessible Internet networks and services are the first prerequisite in ensuring that all citizens and nations can... Sample PDF
ICT Considerations for a Municipality in South Africa
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Chapter 144
ICT in the Islamic World  (pages 962-968)
F. M. Mohamed-Saleck
A priori, the Islamic Republic of Mauritania was not prepared for the information and communication technology (ICT) revolution. This vast West... Sample PDF
ICT in the Islamic World
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Chapter 145
G. Bradley
The present fourth period, the network period, is characterised by a convergence of three main technologies (computer technology, telecommunication... Sample PDF
ICT, Work Organisations, and Society
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Chapter 146
W. M. Olatokun
Information and communication technologies (ICTs) comprise a range of technology products and activities that enable the recording, storage... Sample PDF
ICTs and Governance in Africa
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Chapter 147
H. Leitold, R. Posch
Official procedures usually require that the citizen is unmistakably identified. This may be needed to ensure that the person approaching the... Sample PDF
Identification in E-Government
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Chapter 148
C. E. Passaris
The information age of the 21st century has transformed the economic, social, and political landscape in a profound and indelible manner. It also... Sample PDF
Immigration and Digital Government
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Chapter 149
R. De’
The introduction of e-government systems in India started out in the late 60s and early 70s with an emphasis on computerising applications for... Sample PDF
Implementation of E-Government Systems in Developing Countrie
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Chapter 150
C. Gurau
In the last 20 years, the explosive development of telecommunication and computer technology has transformed information in the most important... Sample PDF
Implementing E-Government Systems in Transition Economics
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Chapter 151
M. L. Ehrenhard
Modernizing public administration requires a new approach to technology. You can no longer rely on rigid, monolithic service systems. You need... Sample PDF
Implementing Enterprise Systems in the Public Sector
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Chapter 152
S. Koch
In the last years, free and open source software (also sometimes termed libre software) has gathered increasing interest, both from the business and... Sample PDF
Implications of FLOSS for Public Organizations
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Chapter 153
J. B.D. Joshi
E-government systems aim to transition traditional paper-based systems to “paperless” digital information systems to automate and streamline... Sample PDF
Identity Management and Citizen Privacy
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Chapter 154
G. Onu
The 20th and 21st centuries have witnessed major paradigm shifts in the conceptualization of development and governance. These phenomena are aided... Sample PDF
Information and Communication Technology and Good Governance in Africa
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Chapter 155
M. Corsi
Information and communications technology (ICT) is radically changing productive processes in both the private and public sectors. Institutions that... Sample PDF
Information in Electronic Government
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Chapter 156
B. Sen
The term digital governance refers to governance processes in which information and communication technologies (ICT) play a significant role.... Sample PDF
Information Management in Kutch Earthquake
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Chapter 157
J. B.D. Joshi
An electronic government (e-government) can be viewed as a large distributed information system consisting of interconnected heterogeneous... Sample PDF
Information Security Issues and Challenges
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Chapter 158
H. Shih, C. Li
Ensuring security for its information systems, including computers and networks, is a fundamental prerequisite for a digital government to function... Sample PDF
Information Security Management in Digital Government
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Chapter 159
T. B. Riley
This section begins by looking at ways in which governments can facilitate better access to information in both the public and private sector. This... Sample PDF
Information Sharing as a Democratic Tool
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Chapter 160
A. Henten
In order to discuss e-government in the context of industrial policy, it is necessary to examine the industrial policy concept as such. Industrial... Sample PDF
Information Society Industrial Policy
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Chapter 161
W. Lam
Through e-government, an increasing number of nations are making major commitments to modernize and reform government in an effort to achieve... Sample PDF
Information Systems Integration in E-Government
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Chapter 162
A. Mana, M. Yague, S. Karnouskos
Within the process of globalization and the permeation of all areas of life by technology, electronic government (e-government) is becoming a... Sample PDF
Information Use-Control in E-Government Applications
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Chapter 163
Informational Literacy  (pages 1083-1088)
D. Casacuberta
Digital divide is a metaphorical division which separates those citizens who can use new technologies to their own benefit from those who cannot.... Sample PDF
Informational Literacy
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Chapter 164
R. De Vivo
PEOPLE, one of the most important e-government projects in Italy, was created in 2002, when it was ranked first among almost 400 projects submitted... Sample PDF
Innovative Local E-Government through the PEOPLE Project
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Chapter 165
A. J. Rosenblatt
Advocacy campaigns are considered by many to be the second cornerstone of a pluralistic, democratic society. While many may focus on the first... Sample PDF
Integrated Online and Offline Advocacy Campaign Strategy
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Chapter 166
Intelligent Cities  (pages 1100-1104)
N. Komninos
In the dawn of the 21st century, information and communication technologies have radically altered the construction of our physical environment.... Sample PDF
Intelligent Cities
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Chapter 167
G. A. Gimenez-Lugo, C. A. Tacla, J.F. Hubner
One of the main reasons for lower levels of participation in the political arena by the common citizen is the apprehended distance from actions such... Sample PDF
Intelligent Citizenship Assistants for Distributed Governance
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Chapter 168
S. S. Dawes
Increasing governmental complexity is a global phenomenon marked by the need for multiple organizations to interconnect their policies, business... Sample PDF
Intergovernmental Digital Governance through G2G Relationships and Applications
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Chapter 169
R. Kelso
Australia is a nation of 20 million citizens occupying approximately the same land mass as the continental U.S. More than 80% of the population... Sample PDF
Inter-Governmental Relations in the Provision of Local E-Services
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Chapter 170
Internet Voting  (pages 1125-1129)
J. B.I. Esteve, J. Domingo-Ferrer
Internet voting denotes electronic voting (e-voting) systems that allow votes to be cast using the Internet. There are, however, other types of... Sample PDF
Internet Voting
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Chapter 171
R. J. Freeman
A common thread among municipal governments is that they harbor a variety of enterprises under one roof. For example, police, fire, public works... Sample PDF
IT Management Issues in Digital Government
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Chapter 172
P. Partow-Navid
Today, information security is one of the highest priorities on the IT agenda. In 2003, Luftman and McLean (2004) conducted a survey of Society for... Sample PDF
IT Security Policy in Public Organizations
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Chapter 173
C. R. Brunschwig
Today, most e-government Web sites are limited to providing and disseminating legal or legally relevant information (hereafter legal information;... Sample PDF
Legal E-Learning and E-Government
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Chapter 174
S. Basu
The development of government online should be seen as an evolutionary process (Morison, 2003). The rate of evolution depends on complex factors... Sample PDF
Legal Issues for E-Government in Developing Countries
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Chapter 175
Legal Knowledge Systems  (pages 1161-1166)
T. F. Gordon
There are many conceptions of e-governance (Malkia, Anttiroiko, & Savolainen, 2004; Reinermann & Lucke, 2002). Our view is that e-governance is... Sample PDF
Legal Knowledge Systems
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Chapter 176
P. Markellou
As the Web is growing exponentially, the way of provision governmental information and services has been changed by the newly supplied technological... Sample PDF
Level-Based Development of E-Government Services
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Chapter 177
C. Vassilakis
Electronic government can be defined as the use of information and communication technologies in government for at least three purposes: providing... Sample PDF
The Lifecycle of Transactional Services
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Chapter 178
H. Si
Traditional government structures are sometimes regarded as overly bulky. However, with the rapid expansion of interconnected computer networks and... Sample PDF
Maintaining Information Security in E-Government through Steganology
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Chapter 179
V. Homburg
In the literature on e-government, the focus is predominantly on the organization of the front office and on the interaction among governmental... Sample PDF
Managing Information Exchange in E-Government Initiatives
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Chapter 180
Y. Chen
IT outsourcing has become an increasingly important strategy in meeting the demand for digital government services in many developed countries. In... Sample PDF
Managing IT Outsourcing for Digital Government
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Chapter 181
L. Janczewski
An Internet search (Google) on government + security clearances + policy indicates that at present, establishment of individual security clearances... Sample PDF
Managing Security Clearances within Government Institutions
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Chapter 182
Y. Kaneko
According to the report submitted by the Evaluation Committee of Experts, Government ICT Strategy Headquarters in December 2005 (ECE, 2005), Japan... Sample PDF
Mechanism of E-Government Undertaking in Japan
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Chapter 183
T. Tadesse, D. A. Wilhite
Drought is a natural disaster that influences many aspects of society. Since the demand for water is increasing along with the population in many... Sample PDF
Modern Drought Monitoring Tool for Decision Support System
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Chapter 184
P. Danielson
Digital government is a technological adventure. It applies new technologies—in particular, computer-mediated communication—to the ongoing... Sample PDF
Monitoring Technologies and Digital Governance
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Chapter 185
L. Redlich
Spatial information management (SIM), which includes utilization of geographical information systems (GIS), is used in a wide variety of information... Sample PDF
Natural Resource Information Management at State GovernmentLevel
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Chapter 186
J. A.R. Blanco
Our current democratic institutions stem from times in which transportation and communications were difficult and time consuming. With the time... Sample PDF
Negotiation Strategies Based on Decision Conferencing
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Chapter 187
Net Diplomacy  (pages 1240-1245)
P. Yannas
Looking back to the not-so-distant past, one is struck to learn how much the world has changed in the last 30 to 35 years. New developments in major... Sample PDF
Net Diplomacy
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Chapter 188
A. S. Nava
Looking back to the not-so-distant past, one is struck to learn how much the world has changed in the last 30 to 35 years. New developments in major... Sample PDF
New Governance Strategies for a Government IT Policy
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Chapter 189
B. W. Hardy, D. A. Scheufele
The issue of the civic potential of the Internet has been at the forefront of much scholarly discussion over the last 10 to 15 years. Before... Sample PDF
New Media and Democratic Citizenship
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Chapter 190
A. Oostveen, P. V.D. Besselaar
A few years ago, remote electronic voting seemed like a good idea for the near future. Globally, voting turnout figures are dropping dramatically... Sample PDF
Non-Technical Risks of Remote Electronic Voting
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Chapter 191
G. Longford, C. Hurrell
Like other western liberal democracies, Canada has witnessed the erosion of political participation and civic engagement on the part of its... Sample PDF
Online Citizen Consultation and Engagement in Canada
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Chapter 192
Online Dispute Resolution  (pages 1268-1274)
M. H.C. Tyler
Every community—whether physical or virtual—will inevitably experience conflict. New ways of interacting through information and communication... Sample PDF
Online Dispute Resolution
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Chapter 193
K. Sullivan
Three factors have accelerated the need for continuous learning for public administration employees: (1) improvements in information technologies... Sample PDF
Online Learning for Public Institutions
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Chapter 194
M. Henderson, F. Hogarth
The right of a citizen to petition Parliament is arguably one of the fundamental ways individuals can engage in democratic processes, by providing... Sample PDF
Online Petitions to Queensland Parliament
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Chapter 195
Open Source in Government  (pages 1287-1290)
D. Berry
Open source software (OSS) is computer software that has its underlying source code made available under a licence. This can allow developers and... Sample PDF
Open Source in Government
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Chapter 196
A. Masouras
Free open/source software (FOSS) is a new software development paradigm that emerged in the last decade and relies directly on the volunteer efforts... Sample PDF
Open-Source and Public Sector Environmental Information Services
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Chapter 197
C. A. Ardagna
Nowadays, a global information infrastructure connects remote parties through the use of large scale networks, and many companies focus on... Sample PDF
Open-Source Solution to Secure E-Government Services
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Chapter 198
C. G. Green, S. K. Murrmann
Following the events of September 11, 2001 (9-11), the Civic Alliance to Rebuild Downtown New York established a forum for the purposes of gathering... Sample PDF
An Opportunity for E-Democracy in Rebuilding Lower Manhattan
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Chapter 199
P. Tiihonen
The Standing Committee for the Future in the Finnish Parliament has a motto: It is the duty of parliament to observe the changing world, analyse it... Sample PDF
Parliament and E-Governance in Finland
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Chapter 200
T. L. Nyerges, P. Jankowski
A majority of governmental problems are geographical in character and are becoming more complex as citizens/residents expect more for less.... Sample PDF
Participatory Geographic Information Science
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Chapter 201
P. Jaaskelainen
The societal task of e-government services is to support the achievement of the aims of citizenship (i.e., participation in society and personal... Sample PDF
Pension Portal where Users are the Focus
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Chapter 202
P. R. Mullen
Starting in the 1980s, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom faced serious economic problems, such as economies dominated by... Sample PDF
Performance Reporting on United States Digital Government
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Chapter 203
J. V. Lucke
The term “portal” is traditionally associated with doors and gates. Room and front doors are used as simple entrances into a building or a room.... Sample PDF
Portals for the Public Sector
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Chapter 204
Y. Kaneko
Postal service organization has a long history of exploiting ICTs in its business operation as a government ministry, then as a public corporation... Sample PDF
Postal services and ICTs in Japan
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Chapter 205
S. Simonovic
Various aspects of the Eastern European transition have been extensively researched over the past 15 years. Only recently, studies of... Sample PDF
Problems of Offline Government in E-Serbia
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Chapter 206
C. W. Phang
The advent of digital government unveils new opportunities in how government can address citizens’ needs and requirements in innovative ways. One of... Sample PDF
Promoting Citizen Participation via Digital Government
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Chapter 207
R R. Arnesen
Protecting the privacy of citizens is a critical issue in digital government services. The right to privacy is widely recognized as a fundamental... Sample PDF
Protecting Citizen Privacy in Digital Government
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Chapter 208
G. T. Lau
The making of government regulations represents an important communication between the government and citizens. During the process of rulemaking... Sample PDF
A Prototype Study on Electronic Rulemaking
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Chapter 209
T. Inkinen, J. S. Jauhiainen
This article focuses on the role of public authorities in the creation of local information societies (LIS). The analysis is conducted with... Sample PDF
Public Authorities and the Local Information Society
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Chapter 210
Public Network Access Points  (pages 1377-1382)
A. M. Haseloff
The Internet is changing dramatically the way people live, work, communicate, recreate, and participate in public life. But the growth and... Sample PDF
Public Network Access Points
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Chapter 211
Public Sector E-Commerce  (pages 1383-1387)
C. G. Reddick
Electronic commerce or e-commerce has the potential to streamline existing functions and services in the public sector by reducing transaction costs... Sample PDF
Public Sector E-Commerce
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Chapter 212
J. Kajava, J. Anttila
New technology has continuously changed the face of computing, and each change has involved an improvement in computer architecture and information... Sample PDF
Radio Frequency Identification as a Challenge to Informaiotn Security and Privacy
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Chapter 213
L. Pang
Following technical strides in radio and radar in the 1930s and 1940s, the 1950s were a period of exploration for radio frequency identity (RFID)... Sample PDF
Radio Frequency IdentificationTechnology in Digital Government
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Chapter 214
J. Sounderpandian
A challenge in electronic commerce is to keep proper records of business contracts made over the Internet. A common type of contract is a purchase... Sample PDF
Record Keeping for Digital Contracts
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Chapter 215
s. A. Chun, V. Atluri
The government services needed by citizens or businesses often require horizontal integration across autonomous government agencies. The information... Sample PDF
Regulatory Ontology-Based Interagency Informatin and Service Customization
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Chapter 216
G. Lepouras
Reusability in the everyday life is the capacity of using existing objects or even concepts again in the same or other contexts. When applied to... Sample PDF
Reusability in Governmental Electronic Services
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Chapter 217
R. B. Jain
There is a talk of e-governance all over the world. India has also not remained oblivious of these developments. E-governance implies a smoother... Sample PDF
Revampting the Administrative Structure and Processes in India for Online Diplomacy
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Chapter 218
M. Handzic
The world is currently experiencing a period of major change. The emerging new world is variously referred to as the third wave, the information... Sample PDF
The Role of E-Government in Rebuilding Bosnia-Herzegovina
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Chapter 219
E. Kerteszne-Gerecz
The supreme legislative power of the Republic of Hungary is the unicameral National Assembly, which has 386 members. The 1990 political changeover... Sample PDF
The Role of E-Parliament in Hungary
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Chapter 220
H. Rahman
Information and communications technologies (ICTs) are playing an increasingly vital role in the daily lives of all communities by revolutionizing... Sample PDF
Role of ICT in Establishing E-Government System for Disadvantaged Communities
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Chapter 221
B. King, Y. Desmedt
Today a significant amount of research has focused on trying to apply the advances in information technology to governmental services. One endeavor... Sample PDF
Securing an Electronic Legislature Using Threshold Signatures
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Chapter 222
Skilling for E-Government  (pages 1451-1459)
H. Druke
Implementing e-government in local, regional, or central administration represents a far-reaching modernisation of governing the public affairs.... Sample PDF
Skilling for E-Government
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Chapter 223
A. O’ Baoill
The use of computers in the electoral process—to count punch-card ballots, or to maintain a register of voters—has been in place in many countries... Sample PDF
Social Critiques of Electronic Voting
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Chapter 224
S. Marsh, A. S. Patrick
Building any online system or service that people will trust is a significant challenge. For example, consumers sometimes avoid e-commerce services... Sample PDF
Social Issues of Trust and Digital Government
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Chapter 225
A. D. Smith
Even before September 11, 2001, security and privacy was a concern to nearly 80% of the current and potential Internet users around the globe... Sample PDF
Strategic Importance of Security Standards
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Chapter 226
P. Delwit
The question of electoral participation has today become a major issue for the future of democratic systems. In the USA and Europe, voter turnout... Sample PDF
Stumbling Blocks of Electronic Voting Revealed by U.S. and European Experiences
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Chapter 227
G. Rondeaux
Challenged to multiple pressures, the administration developed many initiatives aimed at modernizing its practices and offering the citizen customer... Sample PDF
Successful Implementation of an E-Government Project
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Chapter 228
H. Z. Henriksen, K. V. Anderson
Business transactions require involvement from both customers and suppliers. This is the case whether the transaction takes place on-line or... Sample PDF
Suppliers' E-Maturity for Public E-Procurement
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Chapter 229
J. B.D. Joshi, S. M. Chandran
An electronic government (e-government) is essentially an amalgam of interconnected heterogeneous information systems belonging to both government... Sample PDF
Survivability Issues and Challenges
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Chapter 230
R. Suomi
Taxation is one of the key functions of any state. Without a working tax collection system, any state would have big difficulties in fulfilling its... Sample PDF
Tax Proposal Service of th Finnish Tax Authority
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Chapter 231
C. C. Hinnant, S. B. Sawyer
The rapid adoption of computer networks, such as the Internet and the World Wide Web (WWW), within various segments of society has spurred an... Sample PDF
Technological Innovation in Public Organizations through Digital Government
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Chapter 232
Teledemocracy  (pages 1519-1523)
T. Becker
Up until very recent times in Western political philosophy, theory, science, and discourse, the words predominantly used to describe the democratic... Sample PDF
Teledemocracy
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Chapter 233
The Telehealth Divide  (pages 1524-1528)
M. Schmeida, R. McNeal
In the United States, the public is accessing the Internet to provide information and deliver services, and to interact with citizens, business, and... Sample PDF
The Telehealth Divide
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Chapter 234
G. Giacomello
Computers have always caused psychological uneasiness in the human brain. That a computer is the closet thing to a thinking machine can be... Sample PDF
The Information Society and the Danger of Cyberterrorism
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Chapter 235
C. P. Orgeron
Too often, citizens view government as hopelessly ineffective and lacking in skill to deliver services in the same way that a bottom-line-focused... Sample PDF
Theory-Based Models of E-Government Adoption
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Chapter 236
D. Sinha
It could be one of the great paradoxes of history that the third world continues to urbanize itself at a faster pace than the developed world. At... Sample PDF
Third World City in the Information Age
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Chapter 237
B. Grabow
Local e-government reflects an ongoing process of modernization. Like all processes of innovation and modernization, the development of e-government... Sample PDF
Third-Generation Local E-Government
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Chapter 238
Toward U-Government in Japan  (pages 1554-1561)
T. Obi
Japan is set to move forward to developing a broadband and ubiquitous network society as envisioned under the concept of an advanced information... Sample PDF
Toward U-Government in Japan
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Chapter 239
M. Zuccarini
Information technologies (IT) and the new (virtual) space of dominion that they create can alter the order of the powers of the democratic states.... Sample PDF
Transformation of Government Roles toward a Digital State
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Chapter 240
D. Zinnbaur
The advent of new information and communication technologies (ICTs), in particular the Internet, has inspired bold scenarios about a new era of... Sample PDF
Transparency and Information Disclosure in E-Government
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Chapter 241
Trust in Digital Government  (pages 1572-1576)
N. C. Rowe
The concept of trust in organizations has been an important area of recent research in sociology and management science (Sztompka, 1999). Trust is... Sample PDF
Trust in Digital Government
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Chapter 242
Y. Theng, A. Khoo, M. Chan
Designers often design for themselves unless they are trained to realise that people are diverse, and that users are unlikely to be like them. The... Sample PDF
Understanding Usability Issues in a Public Digital Library
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Chapter 243
A. P.G. can Meeteren
There is hardly any interest in Usenet in governmental circles at the moment. That is not surprising, given that the government’s task is to... Sample PDF
Usenet and the Proactive Ombudsman
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Chapter 244
K. Gareis
In the context of e-government strategies, governments typically claim that they utilize Internet technology to improve service provision and to... Sample PDF
User Orientation in the Provision of Online Public Services
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Chapter 245
P. F. Saddler
Throughout the world, people are just as concerned about corruption as they are about unemployment, poverty, and physical security. Governments can... Sample PDF
Using Digital Hotlines in an Anti-Corruption Campaign
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Chapter 246
N. Komninos
Major new trends of our era emerge from the spread of information society and the increasing role of innovation as source of competitive advantage... Sample PDF
Virtual Innovation Environment
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Chapter 247
Virtual Policy Networks  (pages 1606-1610)
K. McNutt
As information cascades across the Internet and human communication patterns are transposed into computer-mediated environments, governments around... Sample PDF
Virtual Policy Networks
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Chapter 248
The Virtual Town Hall  (pages 1611-1616)
R. A. Cropf
A key part of the appeal of interactive communications technology (ICT) has been its huge potential to facilitate citizen access to and... Sample PDF
The Virtual Town Hall
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Chapter 249
M. J. Headd
Spurred by the development of new Extensible Markup Language (XML)-based telephony markup languages and the adoption of requirements for universal... Sample PDF
Voice Technologies in the Public Sector for E-Government Services
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Chapter 250
Voter Information Web Sites  (pages 1623-1628)
A. Edwards
Several election studies observe that considerations regarding issues and policies have been gaining weight in voting decisions in Western... Sample PDF
Voter Information Web Sites
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Chapter 251
P. Markellou
Over the last decade, we have witnessed an explosive growth in the information available on the Web. Today, Web browsers provide easy access to... Sample PDF
Web Mining for Public E-Services Personalization
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Chapter 252
G. Taddeo
In the information era, the main source of productivity lies in the technology of knowledge generation, information processing, and symbolic... Sample PDF
Web Sites for Senior Citizens
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Chapter 253
A. T. Trevisani, R. Zwicker
The current standard of global economic growth incorporates a disposition to undertake investments in information technology that will provide... Sample PDF
Web-Based Information System at the Brazilian Ministry of Finance
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