Policy Processes for Technological Change

Policy Processes for Technological Change

Richard Smith (Simon Fraser University, Canada), Brian Lewis (Simon Fraser University, Canada) and Christine Massey (Simon Fraser University, Canada)
Copyright: © 2006 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-509-2.ch009
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Abstract

Universities, among the oldest social institutions, are facing enormous pressures to change. There have always been debates about the university, its purpose, its pedagogical program, and its relationship to other social and political structures. Today, these debates have been given renewed vigor and urgency by the availability of advanced information and communication technologies for teaching and learning. These include computers and computer networks, along with the software and telecommunications networks that link them together. When these technologies are used to connect learners at a distance, they are called “telelearning technologies.” When referring to their use more generally, to include local as well as remote teaching innovations, they are sometimes called “technology mediated learning” (TML). Despite much media attention and recent academic criticism, pressures on universities are facilitated, but not caused, by telelearning technologies. Change in universities is not simply a result of forces acting upon universities, but is the result of a complex interaction of internal and external drivers. The use of telelearning technologies intersects with a host of social, political, and economic factors currently influencing university reform. Technology, in this context, has become the catalyst for change, reacting with other elements in a system to spark a reaction and a change in form and structure. This chapter examines policy processes for the introduction of technology-mediated learning at universities and colleges. It is based on the results of a two-year research project to investigate policy issues that arise with the implementation of telelearning technology in universities and colleges. The focus was on Canadian institutions of higher learning, but the issues raised are common to higher educational institutions in other countries. The study scanned a large number of institutions, reviewed documents, and interviewed key actors including government and institutional administrators, faculty, and students, to discover the range of issues raised by the implementation of telelearning technologies. This chapter discusses these issues and findings. CASE Questions • What policies or processes are in place to guide change in colleges and universities? Who knows about these policies and participates in them? • What are the forces behind technological change in higher education organizations? Are they external or internal? • Can technology be used as a tool for achieving meaningful and positive change or is it an end to itself? • In what ways can technology be used to increase access to education?

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Table of Contents
Acknowledgments
Chapter 1
Amy Scott Metcalfe
In this chapter, I discuss the economic and political implications of knowledge management in higher education. First, I examine the linkages... Sample PDF
The Politcal Economy of Knowledge Management in Higher Education
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Chapter 2
Lisa A. Petrides, Lilly Ngyuen
While the pressure of public accountability has placed increasing pressure on higher education institutions to provide information regarding... Sample PDF
Knowledge Management Trends: Challenges and Opportunities for Educational Institutions
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Chapter 3
John Milam
This chapter provides an introduction to the use of ontologies and taxonomies in higher education. After a brief introduction to the nature of... Sample PDF
Ontologies in Higher Education
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Chapter 4
George S. McClellan, Gary A. Cruz, Amy Scott Metcalfe, Richard L. Wagoner
While the strategic goals of Knowledge Management might seem new to the academy, higher education has been central to the growing Knowledge Economy... Sample PDF
Toward Technological Bload and Academic Technocracy: The Information Age and Higher Education
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Chapter 5
Richard L. Wagoner
The implementation of knowledge management systems at universities can be tremendously costly in terms of both human and capital resources. One... Sample PDF
We've Got a Job to Do - Eventually: A Study of Knowledge Management Fatigue Syndrome
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Chapter 6
José L. Santos
In this study, a selected university’s capacity to provide necessary and meaningful information under a KM framework in order to guide it through... Sample PDF
Institutional Research (IR) Meets Knowledge Management
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Chapter 7
Lucie Sommer
Structuration theory, which examines the relationship between local and institutional structures, and organizational theory specific to the higher... Sample PDF
Revealing Unseen Organizations in Higher Education: A Study Framework and Application Example
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Chapter 8
Veronica Diaz, Patricia McGee
This chapter analyzes the emergence of learning objects as a dynamic and interactive relationship between technology and the organization. We... Sample PDF
Distributed Learning Objects: An Open Knowledge Management Model
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Chapter 9
Richard Smith, Brian Lewis, Christine Massey
Universities, among the oldest social institutions, are facing enormous pressures to change. There have always been debates about the university... Sample PDF
Policy Processes for Technological Change
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Chapter 10
Bongsug Chae, Marshall Scott Poole
“One system for everyone” has been an ideal goal for information technology (IT) management in many large organizations, and the deployment of such... Sample PDF
Enterprise System Development in Higher Education
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Chapter 11
Kandis M. Smith
The diffusion of an innovation takes, on an average, 25 years in an educational setting. Many factors contribute to this slow acceptance rate.... Sample PDF
Higher Education Culture and the Diffusion of Technology in Classroom Instruction
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Chapter 12
Andy Borchers
This case describes the “wiring” of Watkins University (a fictional name for a real Midwestern university) between 1997 and 2003 as the university... Sample PDF
Wiring Watkins University: Does IT Really Matter?
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Chapter 13
Teta Stamati, Panagiotis Kanellis, Drakoulis Martakos
Although painstaking planning usually precedes all large IT development efforts, 80% of new systems are delivered late (if ever) and over budget... Sample PDF
Challenges of Complex Information Technology Projects: The MAC Initiative
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Chapter 14
Bing Wang, David Paper
This case study documents an organizational change intervention concerning the implementation of a novel information technology at a... Sample PDF
A Case of an IT-Enabled Organizational Change Intervention: The Missing Pieces
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Chapter 15
Amy Scott Metcalfe
The case studies presented offer several perspectives from which to better understand knowledge management in higher education. The questions... Sample PDF
Discussion Questions for the Case Studies
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Resources
Selected Bibliography
KM Glossary
About the Authors