India is the 12th nation in the world to have a special system of laws addressed to the information technology sector. Besides the general criminal law of the country, the Information Technology Act, 2000 incorporates a special legal framework relating to cyber-crimes. Looking differently, India is also a global hub of information technology and its allied services. Accordingly, the growth and development of the information technology sector and its contribution to national economy is phenomenal. It is in this context, the chapter examines and analyses the Indian ICT laws and policies in the backdrop of cyber-crime prevention and regulation, with the aim of offering a comprehensive model of ICT policy. It will discuss the extent of legal framework in the light of classification and criminalization of various cyber-crimes. Also, while examining the policy instruments, it will bring out the public and private initiatives on protection of information infrastructures, incident and emergency response and the innovative institutions and schemes involved.
Cyber-Criminal Law In India
India is the 12th nation in the world to have a special system of laws addressed to the information technology sector (Regulatory norms, 2006). Recognizing the potential contributions the information technology sector can make to the socio-economic development of the country, the legislation sought to create an environment for electronic commerce. It also incidentally criminalizes and punishes certain conduct prohibited under the law. These provisions are in addition to the general criminal law contained in the Indian Penal Code, 1860, itself amended by the Information Technology Act, 2000. Most importantly, a thorough overhaul of cyber-criminal law, inter alia, has taken place through the Information Technology Amendment Act, 20081.