Programmed Instruction Overview
Belinda Davis Lazarus (University of Michigan-Dearborn, USA)
Copyright © 2005.
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The history, efficacy, and impact of programmed instruction (PI) range from the rudimentary teaching machines of the 1920s to present-day computer programs and Internet activities that industry, military, and educational institutions use to teach everything from Hebrew to military law. Although PI was originally developed to teach basic academic skills, this overview describes its evolution, research on its effectiveness, and contemporary applications worldwide.