Cooperative learning means students working together to accomplish shared learning goals and to maximize their own and their group members’ achievements (Johnson & Johnson, 1999), and stresses the importance of shared dialogue and inquiry (Littleton & Hakkinen, 1999). The concept of cooperative learning has been around for a long time. Sometimes cooperative and collaborative learning are used interchangeably, but Lehtinen, Hakkarainen, Lipponen, Rahikainen, and Muukkonen (2007) have suggested that cooperative work involves dividing work among the team members, whilst collaborative work means all the team members tackle the problems together in a coordinated effort. In a traditional setting, cooperative learning occurs when there is human interaction, but cooperative learning can transcend cooperation from someone that you know to virtually everyone in the world if they have a Web-connected computer. Does information technology foster or stifle cooperative learning?
Key Terms in this Chapter
Computer Supported Intentional Learning Environments (CSILE): This is a networked computer program developed by Marlene Scardamalia and Carl Bereiter at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto. This networked multimedia environment enables users to explore different ideas of interest by creating “nodes.” Discussion can be presented in graphical format, which enables users to follow the discussion systematically.
Collaborative Learning: Collaborative learning refers to methodologies and environments in which learners engage in a common task in which each individual depends on, and is accountable to, each other. Learners working together to accomplish shared learning goals and to maximize their own and their group members’ achievements
Assessment Rubrics: A set of assessment criteria or standards that delineate the level of competency.
Computer Supported Learning Environment: Information technology supported learning environment. A suite of computer software that enhances teaching and learning. A learning platform is commonly used to provide digital resources, discussion forums, and related links to present the information systematically.
Cooperative Learning: Students interact to support the learning of one’s self and other group members.
Assessment: An ongoing activity that is intended to improve and inform the quality of instruction and student learning. Assessment should be designed to support learning rather than to select learners.
Reflection: An activity in which individuals are engaged in examining their experiences in order to lead to new understanding and appreciation.