In this chapter, we take a look at the realistic future possibility of thought communication— brain to machine and brain to brain. Technical details are presented on experimentation carried out thus far using implant technology and the route ahead involving brain-computer interfaces is described. Some of the social issues raised by such a novel technological development are also developed. Of importance is the fact that, once a new technology is globally accepted, its use tends to be considered as the normal way of being, which may lead to the creation of new disabilities for people unable to use the technology. The two authors agree about the analysis, but, as a result of their two completely different backgrounds, they disagree about how much benefit thought communication can bring to human beings.